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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 19 July 2017

Jul 19, 2017 13:16 IST
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Current Affairs for IAS 19 july 2017During IAS prelims preparation, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs becomes an indispensable activity. Current events should be read concurrently with the academic subjects like Indian polity, economics and Indian geography.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 18 July 2017

Here, we have provided some important mock questions on the latest happenings that affect the country. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

1. Which Indian state has decided to build Eco-bridges for the movement of tigers in the state?

a. Karnataka
b. Telangana
c. Uttarakhand
d. Madhya Pradesh

Answer: b

Explanation:

In a first of its kind, Telangana State will have eco-friendly bridges over a canal cutting across the tiger corridor linking the Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) in the Chandrapur district of Maharashtra with the forests in Telangana's Kumram Bheem Asifabad district. The intervention requires the laying of fertile soil to grow grass and plants over the structure so that fragmentation of the reserve forest is camouflaged.

Forest area of Telangana state comprises of approximately more than 25% of the state area. The National Policy for Wild Life Conservation, 1972 has encouraged the development of a number of sanctuaries, National Parks and Reserves in India.

The Deccan Plateau where Telangana is located consists of open and thorny forests and also grasslands called 'Kanchas'. This is the reason why many animals and even endangered ones like Blackbuck and Chinkara etc. are found here.

The concept emerged after visits by experts from the Wildlife Board of India and the Wildlife Institute of India. They were concerned about the large-scale destruction of pristine forest along the corridor, which would result in cutting off tiger movement between TATR and Bejjur.

In recent years, big cats from the TATR have ambled into the mixed and bamboo forests of the Bejjur range via the Sirpur forests. The TATR and its buffer area, which are contiguous with the Sirpur forests, boast of a speedily multiplying tiger population, the cause of the frequent migration of tigers into Sirpur and Bejjur.

The Hindu: The Conservation of Sunderbans

2. Consider the following statements regarding the indigenously developed newborn hearing screening device – SOHUM:

1) Sohum is a low cost and unique device which uses brainstem auditory evoked response, the gold standard in auditory testing to check for hearing response in a newborn.
2) This innovative medical device has been developed by School of International Biodesign (SIB) program under Ministry of health and family welfare.
3) SIB is a flagship Program aimed to develop innovative and affordable medical devices as per unmet clinical needs of India.

Which of the above statements is true?

a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: c

Explanation:

The indigenously developed newborn hearing screening device – SOHUM was recently formally launched. The newborn hearing screening device developed by School of International Biodesign (SIB) start-up. This innovative medical device has been developed under Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology; Government of India supported (SIB).

SIB is a flagship Program of the DBT aimed to develop innovative and affordable medical devices as per unmet clinical needs of India and to train the next generation of medical technology innovators in India, it is a valuable contribution to the Make in India campaign of the Government. This Program is implemented jointly at AIIMS and IIT Delhi in collaboration with International partners. Biotech Consortium India Limited manages techno-legal activities of the Program.

Sohum is a low cost and unique device which uses brainstem auditory evoked response, the gold standard in auditory testing to check for hearing response in a newborn. As of now, this technology is prohibitively expensive and inaccessible to many. Start-up Sohum has made the technology appropriate for the resource constrained settings and aims to cater to nearly 26 million babies born every year in India.

One of the most common birth disorders in the congenital hearing loss which is a result of both genetic and non-genetic factors. These factors are mostly associated with resource-poor economies such as India where, unlike advanced healthcare systems, hearing impairment goes undiagnosed.

3. Recently, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) has notified rules for bankruptcy probe. Consider the following statements regarding the powers of IBBI:

1) It has the power to start probe against service providers registered with it without intimating them.
2) The Board may make model bye-laws to be adopted by insolvency professional agencies.
3)  The Board shall have the same powers as are vested in a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, while trying a suit.

Which of the above statements is true?

a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: d

Explanation:

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India was established on October 1, 2016 in accordance with the provisions of The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.

Powers of the Board:

• The Board shall, subject to the general direction of the Central Government.
• The Board may make model bye-laws to be adopted by insolvency professional agencies.
• Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, while exercising the powers under this Code, the Board shall have the same powers as are vested in a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, while trying a suit.
• The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) has powers to start a probe against service providers registered with it without intimating them, according to new regulations.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam: 10 to 15 July 2017

4. Recently, the Ministry of AYUSH has constituted the National Board for Promotion and Development of Yoga and Naturopathy. Consider the following statements regarding this:

1) The Ministry of AYUSH has constituted a National Board for Promotion and Development of Yoga & Naturopathy (NBPDYN) for regulation of education & practice of Yoga & Naturopathy.
2) The Ministry of AYUSH has in association with Quality Council of India (QCI) has developed a scheme for voluntary certification of Yoga professionals.

Which of the following statements is true?

a. Only 1
b. 1 and 2
c. Only 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: b

Explanation:

It has been seen that a large number of people participated in the celebration of International Day of Yoga in the programmes organized by the Yoga Organisations across the country. IDY – 2017 was celebrated in all States of India and all UN countries. The details of participants in the IDY celebrations – 2017 in different States and countries are being obtained.

The Ministry of AYUSH has constituted a National Board for Promotion and Development of Yoga & Naturopathy (NBPDYN) for regulation of education & practice of Yoga & Naturopathy. Also, the Ministry of AYUSH has in association with Quality Council of India (QCI) has developed a scheme for voluntary certification of Yoga professionals.

5. Recently, the Government has taken measures to prevent exploitation and to protect Indian traditional knowledge of indigenous Medicinal Systems. Consider the following statements regarding the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL):

1) Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) is a pioneering Indian initiative to protect Indian traditional knowledge from wrongful patents mainly at International Patent Offices.
2) TKDL contains Indian traditional medicine knowledge available in public domain and pertains to classical/ traditional books related to Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha in a digitized format.
3) Besides setting up of TKDL, Yoga has since been inscribed in UNESCO’s representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Which of the following above statements is true?

a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: d

Explanation:

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) is a pioneering Indian initiative to prevent exploitation and to protect Indian traditional knowledge from wrongful patents mainly at International Patent Offices. India’s rich and time-tested traditional medicinal knowledge which exists in languages such as Sanskrit, Hindi, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Tamil etc. is neither accessible nor comprehensible for patent examiners at the international patent offices.

TKDL contains Indian traditional medicine knowledge available in public domain and pertains to classical/ traditional books related to Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha in a digitised format and is available in five international languages (English, French, German, Spanish and Japanese).

Besides setting up of TKDL, Yoga has since been inscribed in UNESCO’s representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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