Enrich your vocab for Bank exam: ‘China releases new list of items banned for export'

To help you understand in a better way, below is a news article taken from a top newspaper named ‘The Times of India (dated January 26th, 2017). The challenging words are highlighted in bold along with their synonyms, antonyms, and how they are used in the form of a sentence.

Created On: Jan 27, 2017 15:22 IST
Modified On: Jan 27, 2017 17:49 IST

Your vocabulary score should be good in order to score better in comprehension. You can get full marks if you can understand the passage and answer the questions accordingly. Here lies the role of vocabulary. If you have a strong vocabulary, then it becomes easier to understand difficult words, sentences, and paragraphs given in the article. The more you read, the lesser time will take to understand the passage and answer accordingly. Newspaper articles come as the best bet. Here is Vocab Quiz based on the article taken from ‘Times of India (dated January 26th, 2017).’

Article: China releases new list of items banned for export to North Korea

China has released a new list of items banned for export to North Korea, following a new round of United Nations sanctions and complaints from President Donald Trump that Beijing was not doing enough to pressure its communist neighbor.

A statement from the Commerce Ministry late Wednesday said the items included dual-use technologies that could aid the North's programs to develop nuclear, chemical and biological weapons as well as the missiles to deliver them.

While largely comprising specialty chemicals and rare alloys, the list also included computer software, machinery, high-speed cameras, aircraft engines and six-axle truck chassis.

The ban on "dual-use measures related to weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery" takes effect immediately, the announcement said.
There was no evidence that the extensive list of items covered by the ban was prompted by anything other than the UN Security Council resolution passed in November in response to the North's missile test in September.

However, the official Communist Party newspaper Global Times suggested the timing had to do with the upcoming week-long Lunar New Year holiday, a period during which North Korea last year staged a missile test and in 2013 held its third underground nuclear test.

The announcement "is also a warning for the North Korean side not to conduct another round of nuclear testing during China's Spring Festival this year," it quoted Yanbian University expert Jin Qiangyi as saying, using another term for the Lunar New Year.

China is the North's largest source of trade and aid, but has grown increasingly frustrated by Pyongyang's defiance of the UN's demands to end missiles tests and the development of nuclear weapons.

Although generally dismissive of sanctions, Beijing has signed on to successive rounds under the UN Security Council, while continuing to advocate a resumption of six-nation nuclear negotiations hosted by China that have been on ice since North Korea withdrew in 2009.

Beijing's unique relationship with the North's hereditary dictatorship has generated expectations that it holds the key to ending the threat from Pyongyang, something Chinese officials and scholars call a vast exaggeration. China also firmly opposes any measures that could lead to the toppling of Kim Jong Un's regime, something it fears would lead to a massive wave of refugees crossing into China and the presence of South Korean and US troops along its border.

Despite that, Trump complained in a tweet earlier this month that China "won't help with North Korea," even while it benefits from commercial links with the US.

Trump's nominee to be secretary of state, Rex Tillerson, has spoken in starker terms. He accused China of making "empty promises" on North Korea and warned of US sanctions on Chinese companies found to be violating UN Security Council resolutions, recently beefed up to tighten restrictions on North Korean coal imports.

"If China is not going to comply with those UN sanctions then it's appropriate for the United States to consider actions to compel them to comply," Tillerson told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee earlier this month.

The US is concerned that Pyongyang may already be able to arm short-range and mid-range missiles with atomic warheads, threatening US allies South Korea and Japan, and American forces in each country.

Some experts believe the North is likely to have the capability to strike the US mainland before Trump's four-year term is up.

1. Communist (noun) (साम्यवादी): is someone who believes in the ideology of communism. Communism is a theory or system of government according to which each commune is virtually an independent state and the nation is merely a federation of such states. (*source: Wikipedia)
Synonym: Maoist, Marxist, socialist, comrade
Antonym: Capitalist, fascist, conservative, industrialist
Sentence: There are always clashes between a Communist and a Capitalist.

2. Alloys (noun/verb) (मिश्रधातु): refers to a substance which is composed of two or more metals.
Synonym: Compound, composite, admixture, amalgam
Antonym: Division, separation, purifies, cleans
Sentence: Chemically, bronze is an alloy of copper and tin.

3. Chassis (noun) (चौकी): is the base frame of a car, carriage or other wheeled vehicle.
Synonym: Framework, body, case, skeleton
Antonym: Core, explain, door, uncertainness
Sentence: How do you manage to sleep on the chassis of the Ford car?

4. Toppling (verb) (लुढ़का देना): is to fall or to lose balance and fall down.
Synonym: Collapse, plunge, tumble, unseat
Antonym: Hold, increase, rise, ascend
Sentence: The rock from the mountains toppled down and wrecked everything.

5. Warheads (noun) (मुखास्त्र): refers to that part of a projectile weapon (as missiles or torpedo) that contains explosive or damaging material, such as nuclear bombs or a chemical agent. (*source: Wikipedia)
Synonym: Nose cone, heat barrier, thermal barrier, heat shield
Antonym: None.
Sentence: After removing the firing pins, the warheads were adjusted to blow away the target enemy.

6. Beefed (verb) (उलाहना): is to complain.
Synonym: Accuse, criticize, denounce, grumble
Antonym: Consent, agree, compliment, concur
Sentence: The common man is still beefing about how the demonetization has affected his day-to-day life.

7. Exaggeration (noun) (अतिशयोक्ति): is to make something seem larger, better or worse than it really is.
Synonym: Fabrication, hyperbole, baloney, excess
Antonym: Truth, compression, decrease, shrinkage
Sentence: It would be an exaggeration to say that I am passionate about my work since I need this tender badly.

8. Resumption (noun) (पुनरारंभ): is the start of something again after it has been stopped.
Synonym: Renewal, restoration, resurgence, revival
Antonym: Suspension, abolition, cessation, confiscation
Sentence: The peace treaty signed by both the nations will definitely lead to the resumption of foreign imports.

9. Dismissive (adjective) (उपेक्षापूर्ण): refers to an act of showing that you don’t think something is worth considering.
Synonym: Cocky, bloated, cavalier, conceited
Antonym: Humble, meek, modest, sad
Sentence: Her dismissive nod towards her bill was a clear indication of her non-approval.

10. Allies (noun) (मित्रराष्ट्र): refers to a country that has agreed officially to give help and support to another one, especially by treaty.
Synonym: Associate, colleague, friend, partner
Antonym: Detractor, enemy, foe, antagonist
Sentence: After they vowed to become allies, they are quite anxious to preserve peace and friendship with them.

Question (1-5): Answer the following as directed

1. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘aid’(मदद)
1. Stoppage
2. Penalty
3. Relief
4. Loss
5. Other than those given in options
Solution: Option (3)
Explanation: The given word refers to provide help and support to someone. So, from the above-given options, option (3) is a right choice as the synonym of the word.

2. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘evidence’ (गवाह)
1. Testimony
2. Alimony
3. Balcony
4. Felony
5. Other than those given in options
Solution: Option (1)
Explanation: The given word refers to prove something or a piece of information which acts as a proof. Hence, from the given options, option (1) is the correct choice as the synonym of the word.

3. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘comply’(मानना)
1. Neglect
2. Deny
3. Imply
4. Obey
5. Other than those given in options
Solution: Option (4)
Explanation: The given word means to abide by something, by following agreement or instructions. So, from the given options, option (4) is an apt choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

4. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘sanctions’ (मंजूर करना)
1. Required
2. Denial
3. Refusal
4. Consent
5. Other than those given in options
Solution: Option (4)
Explanation: The given word refers to an authoritative permission or approval. So, from the given options, option (4) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

5. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘hereditary’ (पैतृक)
1. Acquired
2. Rented
3. Genetic
4. Historical
5. Other than those given in options
Solution: Option (3)
Explanation: The given word refers to those traits which are inherited or transmitted by birth. Hence, from all the above options, option (3) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

Word of the Day


Meaning (English) – is to cheat out of something valuable.

Meaning (Hindi) – ठगना

Synonyms – Con, fleece

Antonyms – Aid, assist

Example – If the bullies at school will continue to bilk him, his father will take him out from the school.

उदाहरण –

यदि स्कूल में बदमाश उसे ठगना जारी रखेंगे, तो उसके पिता उसे स्कूल से बाहर निकाल लेगे।

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