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IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 28 March 2018

Mar 28, 2018 16:45 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions
    IAS Preparation Questions

    IAS Preparation is solely depends on the books and the study material which the candidate follows. IAS Prelims is an inseparable part of the IAS Exam Process and the candidates need to qualify the IAS Prelims Exam in order to appear in the IAS Main Exam. All the IAS Toppers suggest the integrated approach for the IAS Exam and also take the IAS interview while preparing the topics for the IAS Exam.

    IAS Prelims is a blend of Current Affairs and news background with Static General Studies. IAS Prelims has been just 2 months away and it is very important to study reputed and useful IAS Study material. There are a plethora of books current affairs magazine in the market, but they refresh once in a month, but under the online mode of consumption, online sources have lots of latest and updated information. It is very important to rely on a credible IAS Study material because only authentic wins in the race of IAS Prelims Exam. The candidates need to get the facts right with a pinch of comparative analysis of the objective information.

    Here are some of the important questions for IAS Preparation Updates for the date 28 march 2018.

    1. Which of the following is the Nodal Ministry of Election Commission? 

    A. Ministry of Home

    B. Ministry of Personal

    C. Ministry of Law and Justice

    D. None of the Above

    Answer. C

    Explanation: Though the Election Commission is an Independent Constitutional Body under Article 324 of the constitution of India, Ministry of Law and Justice is the nodal ministry for the Election Commission. Election Commission supervises the Elections of Lok Sabha, Elections of Rajya Sabha, Elections of State Assembly, Elections of State Legislative Councils, President Elections and Vice President Elections. 

    Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission

    2. As per the Economic Survey of India 2017-18, which of the following is not among the 10 New Economic Facts about India Economy?

    A. For the first time in India’s history, data on the international exports of states has been  dwelt in the Economic Survey.

    B. The data highlighted another seemingly known fact that Indian society exhibits a strong desire for a male child.

    C. Extrapolating the data the survey indicated that growth in savings did not bring economic growth but the growth in investment did.

    D. The survey mentions that collections of direct taxes by Indian states and other local governments, where they have powers to collect them is significantly higher than their counterparts in other federal countries. 

    Answer. C

    Explanation: The following are the 10 Economic Facts of Indian Economy.

    1. Goods and Services Tax (GST) has given a new perceptive of the Indian economy and new data has emerged.  There has been a fifty percent increase in the number of indirect taxpayers. There has also been a large increase in voluntary registrations, especially by small enterprises that buy from large enterprises wanting to avail themselves of input tax credits.

    2. India’s formal sector, especially formal non-farm payroll, is substantially greater than what it currently is believed to be. It became evident that when “formality” was defined in terms of social security provisions like EPFO/ESIC the formal sector payroll was found to be about 31 percent of the non-agricultural work force. 

    3. For the first time in India’s history, data on the international exports of states has been  dwelt in the Economic Survey.  Such data indicates a strong correlation between export performance and states’ standard of living.  States that export internationally and trade with other states were found to be richer.

    4. India’s exports are unusual in that the largest firms account for a much smaller share of exports than in other comparable countries. Top one percent of Indian firms account only for 38% of exports unlike in other countries where they account for substantially greater share – (72, 68, 67 and 55 percent in Brazil, Germany, Mexico and USA respectively).

    5. It was pointed out that the Rebate of State Levies (ROSL) has increased exports of ready-made garments (man-made fibers) by about 16 per cent but not of others. 

    6. The data highlighted another seemingly known fact that Indian society exhibits a strong desire for a male child.  It pointed out that most parents continued to have children until they get number of sons.  The survey gave details of various scenarios leading to skewed sex ratios and also gave a comparison on sex ratio by birth between India and Indonesia.

    7. The survey pointed out that tax departments in India have gone in for contesting against in several tax disputes but also with a low success rate which is below 30 per cent. About 66 per cent of pending cases accounted for only 1.8 per cent of value at stake.   It further stated that 0.2 per cent of cases accounted for 56 per cent of the value at stake.

    8. Extrapolating the data the survey indicated that growth in savings did not bring economic growth but the growth in investment did. 

    9. The survey mentions that collections of direct taxes by Indian states and other local governments, where they have powers to collect them is significantly lower than their counterparts in other federal countries. 

    10. The survey captures the footprints of climate change on the Indian territory and consequent adverse impact on agricultural yields.  Extreme temperature increases and deficiency in rainfall have been captured on the Indian map and the graphical changes in agricultural yields are brought out from such data.  The impact was found to be twice as large in un-irrigated areas as in irrigated ones.        

    3. The National Agricultural Research System comprises of

    A.The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), other central research institutes 

    B.National research centres set up by ICAR

    C. Both 1 and 2

    D None of the Above

    Answer. C

    Explanation:

    India has built up a fairly advanced agricultural research system. The Indian NARS is one of the largest systems in the world. The present agricultural research system comprises essentially two main streams, viz. the ICAR at the national level and the Agricultural Universities at the state level. Besides, several other agencies such as the Conventional / General Universities, Scientific Organizations, and various Ministries / Departments at the Center, and also Private or Voluntary Organizations participate directly or indirectly in research activities related to agriculture. The ICAR directly administers 47 Research Institutes in the areas of crop, animal and fishery sciences.

    National Agriculture Research System in India

    4. When was the immunization programme was introduced in India?

    A. 1978

    B. 1976

    C. 1980

    D. 1974

    Answer. A

    Explanation: Immunization Programme in India was introduced in 1978 as Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI)

    The programme gained momentum in 1985 and was expanded as Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) to be implemented in phased manner to cover all districts in the country by 1989-90.

    UIP became a part of Child Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme in 1992 Since, 1997, immunization activities have been an important component of the National Reproductive and Child Health Programme and is currently one of the key areas under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) since 2005. Under the Universal Immunization Programme, Government of India is providing vaccination to prevent seven vaccine preventable diseases i.e.

    Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Measles, severe form of Childhood Tuberculosis and Hepatitis B, Hiaemophilus influenza type b (Hib) and Diarrhea.

    5. What is Rice Blast?

    A. It is a new genetic procedure through which the productivity of rice can be increased manifold

    B. It is an old traditional rice cultivating practice done in the North Eastern part of India

    C. It is a fungus that destroys up to 30 per cent of the world’s rice crop each year.

    D. None of the above

    Answer. C

    Explanation:  Rice blast is a fungus that destroys up to 30 per cent of the world’s rice crop each year. It is a disease that is hugely important in terms of global food security.

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