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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 10 January 2018

Jan 10, 2018 16:39 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 10 January 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 10 January 2018

    IAS Prelims Exam 2018 to be held on 6 June 2018. So, for the IAS aspirants it high time to gear up for the IAS Prelims Exam preparation so, that no important topics can be remained to study until the month of June 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    Here, we have provided IAS preparation questions for IAS Prelims Exam 2018 based on the current affairs topics of national and international importance.

    1. Recently, SpaceX has launched secretive Zuma mission. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. SpaceX on Sunday blasted off a secretive U.S. government payload known as Zuma, a mission whose nature — and the agency behind it — remains a mystery.
    2. SpaceX has launched national security payloads in the past, including a spy satellite for the National Reconnaissance Office, and an X-37B space plane for the U.S. Air Force.
    3. The goal of SpaceX is perfect the technique so that rockets can one day become just as reusable as aeroplanes, thereby lowering the cost of space travel.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Recently, SpaceX has blasted off a secretive U.S. government payload known as Zuma on 7 January 2018, a mission whose nature — and the agency behind it — remains a mystery.

    "Three, two, one, ignition and liftoff," said a SpaceX commentator as the Falcon 9 rocket launched under cover of darkness from Cape Canaveral, Florida, at 8:00 p.m. (0100 GMT Monday). The launch was initially supposed to take place in November but was postponed so the California-based company could take a closer look at potential problems with the fairing, or the nose cone part of the rocket that protects the payload.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. Recently, the researchers of from the University of Calicut in Kerala have reported the discovery of four new species of balsam from various locations in which of the following states?
    a. Kerala
    b. Arunachal Pradesh
    c. Andhra Pradesh
    d. Odisha

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Throwing fresh light on the uncharted biodiversity in India’s north-eastern region, researchers from the University of Calicut in Kerala have reported the discovery of four new species of balsam from various locations in Arunachal Pradesh.

    The team came across the new species while scouring the Eastern Himalayas as part of an expedition supported by the Department of Science and Technology and the International Association for Plant Taxonomy, Slovakia. Commonly known as jewel-weeds because of the diverse colour of the flowers, balsams are distributed throughout the Eastern Himalayas and the Western Ghats, Sri Lanka, South East Asia, Africa and Madagascar. The genus is scientifically named as Impatiens, signifying the impatient nature of the fruits which explode suddenly when touched.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has set itself an ambitious to-do list for making and launching around 65 satellites for a slew of uses. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The plan of launching 65 satellites by ISRO to be realised over the period from 2017 to 2021.
    2. ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) has the responsibility to assemble the spacecraft which are meant for communication, navigation and Earth observation (EO), for both general and strategic purposes.
    3. ISAC has set their goal to assemble 18 satellites a year with the rate of three satellites every two months.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    According to a top official of ISRO, the organisation has set itself an ambitious to-do list for making and launching around 65 satellites for a slew of uses. They are planned to be realised over the period from 2017 to 2021.

    As per the report of ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), where spacecraft are assembled, the new goal puts ISAC’s annual asking rate at around 18 satellites a year: ISAC would now need to come out with three satellites every two months. Since ISAC was set up in 1972 and until a few years ago, this used to be its average yearly output.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. Recently, researchers from Google's Project Zero team reported that they have discovered serious security flaws which affected processors built by Intel and other chipmakers. What are the flaws named?
    a. Spectre and Meltdown
    b. Freezing and Meltdown
    c. Spectre and Freezing
    d. None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    On January 4, 2018, researchers from Google's Project Zero team reported that they discovered serious security flaws which affected processors built by Intel and other chipmakers. As serious security issues have been discovered with processors, tech companies have been trying to fix them. Intel’s processors are the worst affected with almost all the chips manufactured post-1995 at risk of an attack.

    Meltdown could allow hackers to circumvent the hardware barrier between applications run by users and the computer’s core memory. It is named ‘Meltdown’ because the “vulnerability basically melts security boundaries which are normally enforced by the hardware,” states the official website hosted by the Graz University of Technology. “This attack allows a program to access the memory, and thus also the secrets, of other programs and the operating system.” Spectre can cause applications to be tricked into giving up secret information. Spectre’s name comes from the phrase ‘speculative execution.’

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Canada for cooperation in the field of Science & Technology. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The MoU will provide a mechanism and help to foster scientific cooperation between R&D and academic institutions of India and Canada.
    2. Under this MoU, the India-Canada Centre for Innovative Multidisciplinary Partnership to Accelerate Community Transformation and Sustainability (IC-IMPACTS) programme will be supported to promote India-Canada multidisciplinary research partnerships.
    3. Identified areas of mutual cooperation include safe and sustainable infrastructure and integrated water management.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet has approved a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Canada for cooperation in the field of Science & Technology. The MoU will provide a mechanism and help to foster scientific cooperation between R&D and academic institutions of India and Canada.

    The key points of the approved MoU:

    • An innovative model of R&D cooperation between India and Canada will be implemented under a MoU concluded by the Department of Science and Technology with the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada.

    • Under this MoU, the India-Canada Centre for Innovative Multidisciplinary Partnership to Accelerate Community Transformation and Sustainability (IC-IMPACTS) programme will be supported to promote India-Canada multidisciplinary research partnerships.

    • The R&D projects will be aimed at accelerating social transformation by providing solutions through application of science and technology.

    • The participants will include researchers from scientific organizations, academia and R&D laboratories from India and Canada.

    • Identified areas of mutual cooperation include safe and sustainable infrastructure and integrated water management.

    • This will help to develop institutional networking and support the establishment of connections between scientific organizations, scientists and specialists of India and Canada.

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