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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 16 January 2018

Jan 16, 2018 14:29 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 16 January 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 16 January 2018

    UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2018 to be held in June 2018. So, the IAS aspirants should maintain the momentum of studying various topics for IAS Exam as well as they should practicing more number of current affairs quizzes for IAS Exam. Here we have provided current affairs quizzes best for IAS Prelims Exam 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Consider the following statements related to the BBIN Motor Vehicles Agreement that was in the news recently.
    1. The agreement is aimed at regulation of passenger, personal and cargo vehicular traffic among Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal.
    2. The World Bank has been providing technical, advisory, and financial support to this initiative.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    The Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Motor Vehicles Agreement was in the news on 11 January 2018 as Bangladesh, India and Nepal agreed on the text of the operating procedures for passenger vehicle movement in the sub-region. On this occasion, the three countries also agreed to conduct more trial runs for cargo vehicles under the agreement. These decisions were taken at a meeting attended by high-level officials of Bangladesh, India and Nepal in Bengaluru. A Bhutanese official delegation also attended the meeting as observers.

    About BBIN Motor Vehicles Agreement

    • India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal on 15 June 2015 signed the BBIN Motor Vehicle Agreement (MVA) in the Bhutanese capital Thimphu.

    • The regional motor vehicle pact is aimed at regulation of passenger, personal and cargo vehicular traffic amongst four SAARC member countries.

    • The agreement seeks to promote safe, economical, efficient and environmentally sound road transport in the region and would help each country in creating an institutional mechanism for regional integration.

    • Each party to the agreement will bear its own costs arising from the implementation of this agreement.

    • The Asian Development Bank(ADB) has been providing technical, advisory, and financial support to this initiative as part of its South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) program.

    • SASEC is a projects-based economic cooperation initiative that brings together the BBIN countries, Maldives, Sri Lanka and more recently, Myanmar. ADB is the secretariat of SASEC.

    Steps to improve connectivity in the region

    • The BBIN MVA is based on the Draft South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Motor Vehicles Agreement that encourages the Member States to initiate regional and sub-regional measures to enhance connectivity.

    • Previously, in November 2014, the Union Cabinet approved a proposal to sign the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation MVA. However, it could not be signed due to reservations of Pakistan.

    • Besides the BBIN MVA, India is actively pursuing a similar MVA with Myanmar and Thailand to strengthen connectivity of the sub-region to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

    • As per an estimate, transforming transport corridors into economic corridors could potentially increase intra-regional trade within South Asia by almost 60% and with the rest of the world by over 30%.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. It is with this neighbouring country, India recently signed a MoU for enhancing cooperation in the IT sector, cyber security and e-Governance.
    a. Sri Lanka
    b. Bangladesh
    c. Nepal
    d. Myanmar

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    India and Sri Lanka on 15 January 2018 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for enhancing cooperation in the information and technology sector, cyber security and e-Governance. The MoU was signed during the visit of the Union Minister for Law and Justice and Electronics and Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad to Sri Lanka.
    On this occasion, the minister inaugurated the gigabit connectivity between the National Knowledge Network of India and the Lanka Education And Research Network (LEARN) of Sri Lanka. This dedicated high-speed internet connectivity will boost the collaboration among the academic institutions of India and Sri Lanka. The minister also inaugurated the use of eOffice software developed by National Informatics Center (NIC) by the government of Sri Lanka.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. As per the report published on January 11 in the science journal Zookeys reveals, eighteen new species of Madagascan spiders have been discovered. Consider the following statements regarding the discovery of spider-eating spiders:
    1. Native to Madagascar, these spiders are also called as “living fossils,” as similar ones have been found in 165-million-year-old fossils.
    2. Fourteen of the new species belong to the genus Eriauchenius while the rest belong to Madagascarchaea.
    3. These spiders, found in the montane rainforests of Madagascar are active night hunters.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 2 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    Eighteen new species of Madagascan spiders have been discovered, a report published on January 11 in the science journal Zookeys reveals. Dr. Hannah Wood from the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History and Nikolaj Scharff from the University of Copenhagen are the researchers behind this discovery of the new species of pelican spiders. Fourteen of the new species belong to the genus Eriauchenius while the rest belong to Madagascarchaea. These spiders, found in the montane rainforests of Madagascar are active night hunters. According to the release, when a pelican spider finds a victim, it swiftly reaches out and impales it on its long, fang-tipped “jaws,”...Then it holds the victim away from its body, keeping itself safe from potential counterattacks until the victim dies.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. Recently, the USA based Louisiana State University has, through release said that the mysterious dimming of Tabby's star is caused by dust particles and not (as some believed) by alien spacecraft orbiting it. Consider the following statements regarding the Tabby's star:
    1. Tabby’s star is the “most mysterious star in the universe” as it kept dimming and brightening irregularly, following no pattern.
    2. Tabby’s star also named as the Boyajian’s star named after Assistant Professor Tabetha Boyajian of the Department of Physics & Astronomy, Louisiana State University.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    A press release from Louisiana State University on January 3 says that the mysterious dimming of Tabby's star is caused by dust particles and not (as some believed) by alien spacecraft orbiting it. Tabby’s star or Boyajian’s star is the “most mysterious star in the universe” as it kept dimming and brightening irregularly, following no pattern. Officially called KIC 8462852, the star is 1,000 light years away from the Earth and 1,000 degrees hotter than the Sun.

    It is named after Assistant Professor Tabetha Boyajian of the Department of Physics & Astronomy, Louisiana State University. She was the main author of the paper published in 2015 that reported the reduction in the light from the star. There was a 20% decrease in brightness and the dip lasted from five to 80 days.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. Recently, scientists have warned that rise in global temperature could cause the marine food web to collapse, devastating the livelihoods of tens of millions of people who rely on fisheries for food and income. Consider the following statements regarding warming oceans:
    1. Warming oceans restrict vital energy flows between different species in the marine ecosystem, reducing the amount of food available for bigger animals - mostly fish - at the top of the marine food web.
    2. As per the recent data published the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) that globally, about 56.5 million people were engaged in fisheries and aquaculture in 2015 which may affect by warming oceans.
    3. According to UN's FAO,  also the almost a fifth of animal protein consumed by 3.2 billion people in 2015 comes from fish.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 2 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    Global temperature rises could cause the marine food web to collapse, devastating the livelihoods of tens of millions of people who rely on fisheries for food and income, scientists have warned.

    Warming oceans restrict vital energy flows between different species in the marine ecosystem, reducing the amount of food available for bigger animals - mostly fish - at the top of the marine food web, according to a study in the journal PLOS Biology. This could have “serious implications” for fish stocks, said Ivan Nagelkerken, a professor of marine ecology at Australia's University of Adelaide and one of the study's authors. Globally, about 56.5 million people were engaged in fisheries and aquaculture in 2015, according to the latest data from the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). In addition, almost a fifth of animal protein consumed by 3.2 billion people in 2015 comes from fish, FAO said.

    IAS Preparation Questions- 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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