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NCERT Exemplar Solution for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 13: Exercise 13.4

Mar 21, 2018 16:11 IST
    NCERT Exemplar Solution for Class 10 Mathematics
    NCERT Exemplar Solution for Class 10 Mathematics

    Here we bring the NCERT Exemplar Problems and Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Mathematics chapter 13, Statistics and Prbobability. This part includes solutions to problems given in exercise 13.4 of class 10 Maths NCERT Exemplar Book. It contains only the long answer type questions framed from various important topics discussed in the chapter. Each question is provided with a detailed yet simple and step-wise solution to help students easily learn the concept and logic working behind that particular question.

    NCERT Exemplar problems are a very good resource for preparing the critical questions like Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) questions. All these questions are very important to prepare for CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Board Examination 2017-2018 as well as for other competitive exams.

    CBSE Class 10 Maths NCERT Exemplar Solution: Exercise 13.3

    Few questions from the Class 10 Maths NCERT Exemplar Exercise 13.4 are given below:

    Q. Determine the mean of the following distribution

    Marks

    Number of students

    Below 10

    5

    Below 20

    9

    Below 30

    17

    Below 40

    29

    Below 50

    45

    Below 60

    60

    Below 70

    70

    Below 80

    78

    Below 90

    83

    Below 100

    85

    Solution.

    Given data is of less than type. First we have to convert it to the continuous type.

    Here, 5 students have scored marks below 10, i.e. it lies between class interval 0-10 and 9 students have scored marks below 20. So, marks of (9 – 5) = 4 students lie in the class interval 10-20. Proceeding in the same way, we get frequency of all class intervals as below:

    Marks

    Number of students (fi)

    0-10

    5

    10-20

    9 – 5 = 4

    20-30

    17 – 9 = 8

    30-40

    29 – 17 = 12

    40-50

    45 – 29 = 16

    50-60

    60 – 45 = 45

    60-70

    70 – 60 = 10

    70-80

    78 – 70 = 8

    80-90

    83 – 78 = 5

    90-100

    85 – 83 = 2

    The complete frequency distribution table for given data can be obtained as follows:

    Here, assumed mean, a = 45

    And class width, h = 10

    Thus, by step deviation method,

    Q. The annual rainfall record of a city for 66 days is given in the following table.

    Calculate the median rainfall using ogives (or more than type and of less than type)

    Solution.

    We observe that, number of days for which the rainfall was less than 0 cm is 0. Similarly, the number of days for which the annual rainfall was less than 10 cm is equal to the days having less than 0 cm rainfall plus the days having rainfall from 0-10 cm.

    So, the number of days having rainfall less than 10 cm = 0 + 22 = 22 days.

    Proceeding in the similar manner, we will get a less than type distribution as follows:

    Less than type

    Rainfall (in cm)

    Number of days

    Less than 0

    Less than 10

    0 + 22 = 22

    Less than 20

    22 + 10 = 32

    Less than 30

    32 + 8 = 40

    Less than 40

    40 + 15 = 55

    Less than 50

    55 + 5 = 60

    Less than 60

    60 + 6 = 66

    Also, we observe that the rainfall record of a city for 66 days is more than or equal to 0 cm. Since, 22 days lies in the interval 0-10. So, annual rainfall record for 66-22 days is more than or equal to 10 cm. Proceeding in the similar manner we will get the more than type distribution as follows:

    More than type

    Rainfall (in cm)

    Number of days

    More than or equal to 0

    66

    More than or equal to 10

    66 – 22 = 44

    More than or equal to 20

    44 – 10 = 34

    More than or equal to 30

    34 – 8 = 26

    More than or equal to 40

    26 – 15 =11

    More than or equal to 50

    11 – 5 = 6

    More than or equal to 60

    6 – 6 = 0

    To draw less than type ogive we plot the points (0, 0), (10, 22), (20, 32), (30, 40), (40, 55), (50, 60), (60, 66) on the paper and join them by free hand.

    Also to draw the more than type we plot the points (0, 60), (10, 44), (20, 34), (30, 26), (40, 11), (50, 6) and (60, 0) on the paper and join them by free hand.

    The two ogives intersect at a point. From this point of intersection, we draw a line perpendicular to the X-axis meeting the X-axis at point (21.25, 0) which is the required median.

    Hence, the median rainfall = 21.25 cm.

    To get the complete exercise, visit the following link:

    CBSE Class 10 Maths NCERT Exemplar Solution: Exercise 13.4

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