SBI PO Exam 2017: Vocab Quiz ‘Essentially Yours’

In this article, you will learn new words through an article taken from The Hindu (dated January 12, 2017).  

Created On: Mar 3, 2017 12:48 IST

It is very necessary these days to have good command over English in order to crack any government examination and especially banking examinations. This is why, we, the banking team of Jagranjosh, the no. 1 website for banking preparation in India, are bringing to you passages based on which you will learn new words and their usage.

Article: Essentially Yours

Whether it’s emotional well-being, physical or skin care or general health concerns, essential oils have a role to play

One of my fondest childhood memories is of my mother putting a few drops of eucalyptus essential oil on my kerchief to treat my cold.

Essential oils, which have been in use for centuries, can be used safely in many ways. The most common way is by inhaling them; or they are used in diffusers, and some in baths and massages.

A great way to enjoy essential oils safely is by mixing them with salts or carrier oils, which can then be added in warm water to enjoy an aromatic bath that will gently heal and detoxify the skin. The most popular oils to try out would be lavender, rose, geranium, sandalwood and eucalyptus.

Massaging your body with nutrient-rich oils is an age-old beauty treatment. Organic carrier oils like coconut, almond, extra virgin olive oil, sesame etc. are commonly used for massages. These oils, when expertly blended in with essential oils, are believed to increase the benefit of a massage. For example, for pain relief, research shows that wintergreen oil has the ability to act like a natural analgesic (pain reducer). It is important to understand the proportions in which essential oils should be blended with carrier oils to ensure no side effects.

Essential oils are extracted through methods like steam distillation, resin tapping, and cold pressing. The volatile plant extracts collected thereby, known as essential oils, are far more powerful than the plants or flowers they come from.

Genuine essential oils are pure distillations of flowers, herbs, roots, or resins that have not been blended with any kind of carrier oil. These oils are more expensive than fragrance oils or blended oils and are known for their powerful aroma and medicinal benefits.

Though the fragrances can be chemically recreated, the benefits of essential oils are impossible to duplicate.

Inhaling the diffused aromas of specific extracts is known to reduce stress and promote physical relaxation. Aromatherapy is one of the easiest ways to relieve stress. Besides spas that offer you these therapies, the market too has a range of oils that you can use within the confines of your home to lighten the mood.

Did you know that a simple moisturizing lotion contains a slew of chemicals? Or that a product claiming to be ‘natural’ has barely any natural ingredient? Or that fragrant shower gel you swear by has carcinogenic ingredients? Not only do these products damage your skin, they also cause health issues in the long term, since the skin absorbs more than 60 per cent of what you apply on it.

Some of the products that the market offers are said to contain over 3,000 chemicals!

In comparison, essential oils not only have rejuvenating properties, but also have, over time, proven to be therapeutic. For example, if you need an anti-ageing cream, don’t go for the commercial variety. Instead, try a blend of cold-pressed organic argan nut oil blended with organic lavender and myrrh essential oils. Not only will it do wonders for the skin, it is also 100 per cent chemical- and additive-free.

Essential oils are not restricted to skin or well-being, but can also be used for daily cleaning chores. A simple blend of white vinegar, lemon essential oil, tea tree essential oil and distilled water can be used to clean windows, wooden floors and bathrooms.

Tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) is an effective antibacterial and antiseptic, and lemon essential oil has natural bleaching properties and also works as a mood elevator. This ensures a pleasant and natural refreshing fragrance in your home.

However, though essential oils are the purest form of botanical infusion, it is important to understand the benefits and nature of the oils before using them. Certain oils are considered safe for all age groups, whereas a few can cause skin irritation. Special care must be taken especially during pregnancy, and all details must be thoroughly researched before using them.

  1. Aromatic- (adjective) (खुशबूदार): Having a pleasant and distinctive smell

Synonym: Odoriferous, scented, fragrant

Antonym: Bland, unsavory, dull

Sentence: A massage with aromatic oils can cure a lot of problems in a human being.

2. Detoxify (verb) (विषहरण): Become free of harmful substances

Synonym: Abrupt withdrawal, crash, on the wagon

Antonym: Addiction

Sentence: You can detoxify your body by cutting down on coffee.

3. Blended (adjective) (घुलना/ मिलना): A substance being mixed with another substance to form a combination

Synonym: Mixed, combined, Amalgamated, fused

Antonym: Disconnected, divided, separated

Sentence: Please blend the cornflower with a tablespoon of water to make it soak and get ready.

4. Expensive (adjective) (क़ीमती/ महंगा): Costing a lot of money

Synonym: Dear, costly, exorbitant, extortionate

Antonym: Cheap, economical, unimportant

Sentence: He bought a number of expensive books together.

5. Fragrance (noun) (सुगंध ): A pleasant and sweet smell

Synonym: Scent, perfume, aroma, odor, balm

Antonym: Stench, stink

Sentence: The fragrance of freshly minted coins is something you cannot find anywhere else.

6. Duplicate (verb) (प्रतिलिपि / समरूप): Make or be an exact copy of something

Synonym: Imitate, copy, replicate, emulate

Antonym: differ, oppose, clash

Sentence: All the information sheets had to be typed and duplicated by the students within an hour.

7. Rejuvenating (adjective) (नया करना / फिर युवा करना): making someone look or feel better or making someone more vital

Synonym: Refreshing, revitalizing, restoring, regenerating

Antonym: Damaging, destroying, killing

Sentence: The concert was a rejuvenating experience for many of us after a hard day of work at office.

8. Therapeutic (adjective) (चिकित्सा संबंधी): Relating to the healing of a disease

Synonym: Curing, restorative, remedial, medicinal

Antonym: Harmful, hurting, damaging, killing

Sentence: The diagnostic and therapeutic facilities at the pathology lab are up to the mark with many modern types of equipment.

9. Refreshing (adjective) (स्फूर्तिदायक): Welcome or stimulating because new or different

Synonym: Welcome, creative, fresh, imaginative, original

Antonym: Boring, depressing, dejecting

Sentence: It makes a refreshing change to be able to write something nice after a long time.

10. Infusion (noun) (डालना/ प्रभावित करना): The introduction of new element or quality into something

Synonym: Immersion, mixture, strain

Antonym: Surrender, diffusion

Sentence: The new owners made $6.5 million infusion into the company to turn around its dwindling fortunes.

Question (1-5): Answer the following questions as directed

1. Which among the following is SIMILAR in meaning to the word Quaint?

  1. Voice
  2. Pitch
  3. Assiduous
  4. Queer
  5. None of the above

Solution: Option (4)

Explanation: The given word refers to something strange or odd. That makes option (4) the right choice among the given options.

2. Which among the following is OPPOSITE in meaning to the word Quibble?

  1. Conscientious
  2. Assisted
  3. Systematic
  4. Ascetic
  5. Scripted

Solution: Option (1)

Explanation: The given word means something equivocal and not clear to understand. It makes option (1) the right choice among the given options.

3. Which among the following is SIMILAR in meaning to the word Impart?

  1. Issue
  2. Access
  3. Assist
  4. Convey
  5. None of the above

Solution: Option (4)

Explanation: The given word implies to inform or appraise somebody of something. That makes option (4) the right choice as the synonym of the given word.

4. Which among the following is OPPOSITE in meaning to the word Imminent?

  1. Receding
  2. Brewing
  3. Overhanging
  4. Recharging
  5. Stupefying

Solution: Option (1)

Explantion: The given word implies that something is going to happen or something is forthcoming. So, the opposite should be something that is going away or fading. It makes option (1) the right choice as the opposite of the given word.

5. Which among the following is SIMILAR in meaning to the word Imbecile?

  1. Important
  2. Exculpate
  3. Postulate
  4. Feeble
  5. Sagacious

Solution: Option (4)

Explanation: The given word means somebody who is feeble and weak. This makes option (4) the right choice among the given options.


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