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SSC Exam Reasoning Study Material: A conceptual guide for Blood Relations

Jun 20, 2016 16:05 IST

    SSC is well known for the recruitment of Group ‘B’ and ‘C’ posts under the Ministries/Departments in The Government of India. SSC organizes various examinations like Combined Graduate Level examination, Combine Higher Secondary Level, Stenographer and for SI/DP/CAPF, etc., throughout the year having almost the same Exam Pattern. The Exam paper is comprised of basically 4 subjects.

               a. General Intelligence & Reasoning
               b. English language & Comprehension
               c. Quantitative Aptitude
               d. General knowledge

    For more detail, click the link given below.

    SSC SI, CAPF & ASI Exam 2015: Exam Pattern
    SSC Combined Higher Secondary Level (10+2) Exam 2014: Exam Pattern
    SSC JHT & Hindi Pradhyapak and Sr. / Jr. Translators Exam 2014: Exam Scheme & Syllabus
    SSC Stenographer 2016: Take a look of Exam Pattern, Syllabus and Selection Procedure

    So, Jagranjosh.com has introduced a brief plan for revising topics at the time of examination. In this article, Blood Realtions which sometimes appear more difficult to understand in terms of  Human Relationship.

    Blood Relations

    The entire questions in this section are completely based on Blood Relationship. The candidate should have a sound knowledge of Blood Relation in order to solve these questions.

    Blood Relations can be divided into two sides as follows:

    Paternal Side Relationships:

    1. Father’s Father – Grandfather
    2. Father’s Mother – Grandmother
    3. Father’s Sister – Aunt
    4. Father’s Brother – Uncle
    5. Children of Uncle – Cousin
    6. Children of Aunt – Cousin
    7. Wife of Uncle – Aunt
    8. Husband of Aunt – Uncle

    Maternal Side Relationships:

    1. Mother’s Father- Maternal Grandfather
    2. Mother’s Mother – Maternal Grandmother
    3. Mother’s Sister – Aunt
    4. Mother’s Brother – Uncle
    5. Children of Maternal Uncle – Cousin
    6. Children of Maternal Aunt – Cousin

    Knowledge of some important relations:

    1. Son’s wife is called Daughter-in-law
    2. Daughter’s Husband is called Son-in-law
    3. Brother’s wife is called Sister-in-law
    4. Sister’s Husband is called Brother-in-law
    5. Husband’s Brother is called Brother-in-law
    6. Wife’s Brother is called Brother-in-law
    7. Brother’s Son is called Nephew
    8. Brother’s Daughter is called Niece
    9. Sister’s Son is called Nephew
    10. Sister’s Daughter is called Niece

    The easiest way to solve the problems based on Blood Relationships would be to draw a tree diagram as follows.

    Solved Examples

    Example1: P’s father’s Sister’s father is Q. How is Q related to P?

    (a) Father

    (b) Uncle

    (c) Grandfather

    (d) Son

    Solution: (a) Here P’s Father’s sister is P’s Aunt. Her father is P’s father’s father. Therefore, Q is grandfather of P.

    Example2: Examine the following relationship among members of a family of six persons - A, B, C, D, E and F.

    1. The number of males equals that of females.
    2. A and E are sons of F.
    3. D is the mother of two, one boy and one girl.
    4. B is the son of A.
    5. There is one married couple in the family at present.

    Which one of the following inferences can be drawn from the above?

         (a) A, B and C are all females.

         (b) A is the husband of D.

         (c) D is the granddaughter of F

         (d) E and F are children of D.

    Solution: (b) it is clear that there are three males and three females in the family. Clearly A, E and B are males. So, C, D, and F are females. Also given that D is the mother of one boy and one girl. So, A and D form a couple having two children, namely B and C. Hence A is the husband of D.

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