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UPSC Civil Services IAS Preparation Questions : 17 April 2018

Apr 17, 2018 16:09 IST
    UPSC Civil Services IAS Preparation Questions
    UPSC Civil Services IAS Preparation Questions

    UPSC Civil Services IAS Prelims Exam would be conducted on 3 June 2018 and there is not much time left for the IAS Preparation. Some of the IAS aspirants have started the revision for the IAS Prelims Exam 2018, but majority of them will be struggling to complete the IAS Preparation. In the same way, the IAS aspirants who had appeared in the IAS Prelims before are planning with their first hand experience and the first timers are trying to complete the syllabus as soon as possible in order to revise it and practice it.

    In all the cases, practicing with the IAS like questions are very much helpful for the IAS aspirants in order to get the exam like confidence and prepare the topics where they are feeling nervous or uncomfortable.

    Jagranjosh provide the IAS Questions daily for the IAS Preparation to the IAS aspirants. Please have a look and practice.

    1.In April 2018,India signed MoU with which country to promote mineral exploration?

    a. Morocco

    b. Germany

    c. France

    d. Brazil

    Answer: a

    Explanation

    India and Morocco signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on 11 April, 2018 in New Delhi, with the aims of strengthening cooperation between the two countries in the fields of mining and geology. The focus of the MoU is on the development of the geological infrastructure for Geoscience Maps and geochemical maps, strengthening geological research and evaluation of the potential of mineral resources, promoting exploration and mining through participation of both public & private sector etc.

    Why Morocco?

    Morocco has been recognized as a top-tier destination for economic investments on the African continent in 2017, in sectors such as information and communication technology (ICT), energy, infrastructure, and tourism.

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    The memorandum also provides for the establishment of a joint commission to oversee its implementation and encourage the setting up of qualitative agreements between agencies, public and private institutions, and companies from both countries in order to promote bilateral cooperation projects and activities.

    India’s engagement with Morocco lags far behind that of China’s. This is explained by the difference in resources and skill sets that New Delhi and Beijing possess. India really isn’t known for building overseas infrastructure. But it can turn this around by teaming up with Japan. In fact, New Delhi and Tokyo are exploring modalities of cooperation in infrastructure and human development projects in Africa as part of a proposed Asia Africa Growth Corridor.

    India and Japan are ready to team up for African development projects that are collaborative in design, sensitive to local needs, locally owned, responsibly financed and bottom-up in approach. Japan certainly has the technology and the skills to build quality physical infrastructure. While India has a proven track record in fostering soft skills and developing human resource through training and education. Together, India and Japan can be the perfect combination for Africa.

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    2. Recently, Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2018 was released by the Asian Development Bank. What was the Title of the Report?

    a) Turning strength into opportunity  
    b) Economic trends and prospects
    in developing Asia
    c) How technology affects jobs
    d) None of the above

    Answer. c

    Explanation

    In its latest Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2018 : How Technology Affects Jobs, the Manila-based Asian Development Bank (ADB) has stated that India’s economic growth is set to rise to 7.3 percent in 2018-19 and grow at 7.6 percent further in FY20.

    “An array of important economic reforms has propelled India’s economic success in recent years. A continued commitment to reform—especially in the banking sector—will help India maintain its status as the world’s fastest growing major economy,” Yasuyuki Sawada, ADB’s chief economist, said.
    Among potential risks for the Indian economy, the assessment notes risks from higher oil prices as Indian imports nearly 80% of it fossil fuel needs. “A rapid increase in the price of oil could undermine the country’s fiscal position, stoke inflation and swell the current account deficit,” it warned.

    ADB projected inflation in India to accelerate to 4.6 % in 2018-19 and 5.0% in 2019-20 as the global economy recovers and commodity prices rebound.
    A detailed analysis of occupation titles in India, Malaysia, and the Philippines found that 43%–57% of new job titles that emerged in the past 10 years are in ICT. A large share of new job titles emerged in one of India’s fastest growing occupation categories: craft and related workers. This was driven mainly by the different types of specialized technicians needed to work with computer controlled machines. Such trends will continue.

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    3. Recently, India Signs Loan agreement with World Bank for USD 48 million for ……………… Community - Led Landscapes Management Project.

    Fill in the blank

    a.Manipur
    b. Tripura
    c.Meghalaya
    d.Nagaland

    Answer.c

    Explanation

    A Loan Agreement for IBRD loan of USD 48 million for the “Meghalaya Community - Led Landscapes Management Project (MCLLMP)” was signed here today with the World Bank. The Objective of the Project is to strengthen community-led landscape management in selected landscapes in the State of Meghalaya. The Project consists of three components: (i) Strengthening Knowledge and Capacity for Natural Resource Management; (ii) Community-led landscape planning and implementation and (iii) Project Management and Governance.
    Meghalaya’s natural resource such as land, water sources and forests is a source of livelihood for a majority of the population in the State.The closing date of the Project is 30th June, 2023.

    Meghalaya is predominantly a tribal state. Individual ST wise, Khasi constitute more than half of the total ST population of the state. Garo is second on proportion.
    1.    Chakma
    2.    Dimasa, Kachari
    3.    Garo
    4.    Hajong
    5.    Hmar
    6.    Khasi
    7.    Any Kuki Tribes including.-

    I.       Biate, Biete
    II.      Changsan
    III.     Chongloi
    IV.     Darlong
    V.      Doungel
    VI.     Gamalhou
    VII.    Gangte
    VIII.   Guite
    IX.     Hanneng
    X.      Haokip, Haupit
    XI.     Haolai
    XII.    Hengna
    XIII.   Hongsungh
    XIV.   Hrangkhawl, Rangkhol
    XV.    Jongbe
    XVI.   Khawchung
    XVII.  Khawthlang, Khothalong
    XVIII. Khelma
    XIX.   Kholhou
    XX.    Kipgen
    XXI.   Kuki
    XXII.  Lengthang
    XXIII. Lhangum
    XXIV. Lhoujen
    XXV.  Lhouvun
    XXVI. Lupheng
    XXVII.Mangjel
    XXVIII.Misao
    XXIX.  Riang
    XXX.   Sairhem
    XXXI.  Selnam
    XXXII. Singson
    XXXIII.Sitlhou
    XXXIV.Sukte
    XXXV. Thado
    XXXVI.Thangngeu
    XXXVII.Uibuh
    XXXVIII.Vaiphei

    8.    Lakher
    9.    Man (Tai speaking)
    10.  Any Mizo (Lushai) Tribes
    11.  Mikir
    12.  Any Naga tribes
    13.  Pawi
    14.  Boro Kacharis (inserted by Act 43 of 1987, s. 2 (w.e.f. 19-9-1987).)
    15.  Koch
    16.  Raba, Rava

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    4. What is Gaganshakti 2018 ?

    a. It is the process of the auction of Air India
    b. It is the comprehensive airforce exercise
    c. It is a new plan to strengthen domestic fighter jet building
    d. None of the above

    Answer.b

    Explanation

    The military exercise began on April 10 and would conclude on April 23. As part of the ongoing IAF exercise ‘Gaganshakti-2018’, in a joint operation, the IAF and Indian Army Parachute Brigade undertook a Battalion level airborne assault on the evening and night of 14 Apr 18, in the desert sector. This assault included paradrop of 560 paratroopers, combat vehicles and GPS guided cargo platforms. The landing force was dropped behind the simulated enemy lines to soften up the likely resistance to our own armoured offensive. The Gaganshakti-2018 exercise seeks to test the IAF’s readiness and stamina for a two-front war with China and Pakistan.

    India has not witnessed anything at this scale since Operation Brass Tacks in 1987. Weapon delivery scores for air-to-ground munitions were exceptional, both by day and night, and pilots have done a wonderful job in overcoming fatigue during surge operations,” the IAF chief said. Conducted in 1987, Operation Brass Tacks was India’s largest peacetime military exercise that sent shock waves through Pakistan.

    The IAF is conducting all terrain operations - desert, high altitude, maritime scenarios and special operations- in the real time. Mobility and resilience of air combat operations will be visible from the fact that Aircraft from Bhuj in Gujarat will fly towards Assam and conduct bombing and simultaneously aircraft from Assam will fly towards deserts of Rajasthan and will do bombing.  

    5.Who among the following got the Pulitzer prize 2018?

    a.    Kendrick Lamar
    b.     Bruno Mars
    c.    Rihanna
    d.    None of the Above

    Answer.a

    Explanation

    Mr. Lamar is not only the first rapper to win the award since the Pulitzers expanded to music in 1943, but he is also the first winner who is not a classical or jazz musician.’ He got his award for DAMN. The 30-year-old artiste is known to have had a deep impact on a racially fraught America and has emerged as the bona fide King of Rap. The album was perhaps the most inspired piece of work in the list of winners, EW reported. In the journalism segment, The New York Times and The New Yorker shared the Public Service award for their avant garde reportage on uncovering the long-running Harvey Weinstein saga of sexual harassment and abuse in Hollywood last October.

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