The state government of Haryana is implementing a special project to encourage micro irrigation and recharge ground water in the state.
The project is being implemented in 36 over-exploited and critical blocks that fall under 13 districts. The total cost estimated for the project is around Rs 435.23 crore.
Various activities by different departments such as agriculture, horticulture, rural development, irrigation and water resources and forest and the Canal Area Development Authority are being implemented under the project.
The subsidies under micro irrigation in these blocks have also been enhanced to 85 per cent and the cap of five hectares of land has been removed.
Besides, a special campaign would be organised to reach out to the small and marginal farmers in the uncovered villages of these 36 blocks.
Areas to be benefited
The identified blocks include Badhra, Behal, Kairu, Loharu and Tosham in Bhiwani district; Tohana in Fatehabad; Farukhnagar, Pataudi, Sohana and Gurgaon in Gurugram, Guhla and Rajaund in Kaithal; Ladwa, Pehwa and Shahabad in Kurukshetra and Karnal.
It also includes Bapoli and Samalkha in Panipat; Rania and Ellenabad in Sirsa and Municipal Corporation of Faridabad and Ballabhgarh in Faridabad, Nangal Chaudhary, Narnaul, Kanina, Ateli and Mahendergarh in Mahendergarh; Khol in Rewari, Palwal, Hassanpur, Hathin and Hodal in Palwal and Jagadhri, Mustafabad, Radour and Sadhura in Yamunanagar.
What is micro irrigation?
It is an irrigation method that involves lower pressure and flow than a traditional sprinkler system.
The low volume irrigation is used in agriculture for row crops, orchards, and vineyards.
It is also used in horticulture in wholesale nurseries, in landscaping for civic, commercial, and private landscapes and gardens, and in the science and practice of restoration ecology and environmental remediation.
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Types of Micro-irrigation
• There are several types of micro-irrigation systems. The components, however, remain the same for most of these types.
• Most systems typically include filters, pipes, valves, and tubing.
• The main difference in the systems lay in the type of emission device that is used to deliver the water to the plants.
• While drip irrigation uses drip emitters that deliver water at very low rates, other systems use integral dripperline or drip tape with the emitters already installed at a predetermined spacing.
• The goal is to distribute water slowly in small volumes and target it to plants' root zones with less runoff or overspray than landscape and garden conventional spray and rotary sprinklers.
• The low volume allows the water to penetrate and be absorbed into slow-percolation soils, such as clay, minimising water runoff.
The low-flow irrigation system is the most viable and in some cases the only choice for remote locations with wells or small storage tank water sources.
The irrigation system especially holds profound significance in today’s time when municipal and agricultural water supplies have become more limited, as a result of increased population demands, droughts and climate change.