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IEP released Global Peace Index 2014

Jun 20, 2014 18:14 IST

Global Peace IndexInstitute for Economics and Peace released Global Peace Index (GPI) 2014 in London on 18 June 2014. The GPI 2014 measured peace for 162 countries on the basis of 22 indicators. Among these 162 countries, India has been ranked 143rd. In GPI 2013, India was ranked 141st.

In the GPI 2014, Syria displaced Afghanistan as the world’s least peaceful nation while Iceland maintained its status as the most peaceful country in the world.

Georgia showed the largest improvement in peace levels, while South Sudan experienced the largest drop and now ranks as the third least peaceful country.

Highlights of GPI 2014
• The GPI 2014 revealed that in last seven years there has been downward slide in world peace which has overturned a 60-year trend of increasing global peacefulness since the end of Second World War in 1945.
• Average global peace indicator for all the countries in the world together moved from 1.96 to 2.06, indicating a less peaceful world.
• The deterioration in world peace has been due to conflicts in Syria, South Sudan and Central African Republic (CAR), tensions over Ukraine and increased terrorism in Afghanistan, Iraq, the Philippines and Libya.
• The estimation of impact of violence on global economy is 9.8 trillion US dollars or 11.3 percent of world GDP in 2013 which is an increase of 179 billion US dollars over 2012. On per capita basis, the economic impact of violence is equal to 1350 US dollar per person
• Since 2008, 111 countries have deteriorated in levels of peace, while only 51 have increased.
• Europe retains its position as the most peaceful region with 14 of the top 20 most peaceful countries.
• 500 million people live in countries at risk of instability and conflict, 200 million of whom live below the poverty line.
• Since 2008 only four of the Global Peace Index’s 22 indicators showed improvement, while 18 deteriorated.

Region-wise Highlights of GPI 2014
• Europe: It once again leads the world in terms of its overall levels of peace, with the Scandinavian countries performing particularly well. Most of the improvements in peace are in the Balkans, an area that has traditionally been the most turbulent in the region.
• North America: The peace score has deteriorated slightly, mostly on account of a rise in terrorist activity in the US, related to the Boston-marathon attack in April 2013. The region retains its position as the second-most peaceful in the world, largely on account of Canada’s score.
• The Asia-Pacific: This region remains among the most peaceful in the world: it ranks third, behind Europe and North America, and suffers only a very modest deterioration from its 2013 score. The reason for slight deterioration has been ongoing dispute on South China Sea and developments in Korean peninsula.
• South Asia: This region remains at the bottom of the overall regional rankings; however its score did improve more substantially than any other region. All countries in South Asia improved their overall scores, especially their domestic peace.
• Russia and Eurasia: This region shows a modest improvement in the rankings, and benefits from positive score changes from all but four of the twelve states in the region. Russia remains the least peaceful country in the region and one of the poorest performers globally, ranking 152nd.
• Central America and the Caribbean: Peace in this region remains challenging, but the region manages to improve slightly compared to its 2013 score and ranks only slightly below the global average.
• Sub-Saharan Africa: This region sees the second largest deterioration in the regional scores but still fares better than Russia and Eurasia, Middle-East and North Africa as well as South Asia. Four out of the ten countries with the largest negative score changes come from this region, topped by South Sudan and the Central African Republic.  
India and GPI 2014
• India is ranked 143rd out of 162 countries and has slipped two positions from 141 in 2013.
• Other South Asian countries are ranked as follows: Nepal (76), Bangladesh (98), Sri Lanka (105), Pakistan (154) and Afghanistan (161).
• China is ranked 108 on account of China increasing its military expenditure between 2012 and 2013 and due to increase in intensity of internal conflicts.
• The economic impact of containing and dealing with the consequences of India’s level of violence was estimated to cost the national economy 177 billion US dollars in 2013. The estimation is equivalent to 3.6 percent of GDP of India or 145 US dollars per person.
• India suffers chronically from international tensions and widespread internal conflict. Maoist movements are one the biggest threats to internal security of India and sporadic conflict with neighbours also threatens external security of India. In concurrence, India is ranked number 4 out of 159 countries in the Global Terrorism Index.
• If India could improve its overall levels of peace then substantially improve its economic growth rates by the dividend that would flow from the World.
Risk Assessment Models
The Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), which produces the report, has also developed new Risk Assessment Model to identify the 10 countries most threatened by increased levels of unrest and violence in the next two years. These models have a 90% historical accuracy.

Countries with higher levels of risk include Zambia, Haiti, Argentina, Chad, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Nepal, Burundi, Georgia, Liberia and World Cup 2022 host Qatar.  
Top ten Countries:

Rank

Name of the Country

1

Iceland

2

Denmark

3

Austria 

4

New Zealand    

5

Switzerland

6

Finland

7

Canada

8

Japan

9

Belgium

10

Norway

About Global Peace Index (GPI)
GPI as a measure of world peace was launched in 2007. The 2014 release was 8th in series.

It is the world's leading measure of global peacefulness produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace. The Index is composed of 22 indicators, ranging from a nation’s level of military expenditure to its relations with neighbouring countries and the percentage of prison population in 162 countries.

The IEP is a Sydney-based international and independent think tank dedicated to shifting the world’s focus to peace as a positive, achievable, and tangible measure of human well-being and progress.

 

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