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Swachh Survekshan 2019 Awards: Indore judged Cleanest City for third time; Bhopal Cleanest Capital

Survey found that cities undertook novel ways to address issues of sanitation and waste management including conducting zero-waste public events, converting floral waste to value-added products, cultivating of Oyster Mushrooms from agricultural and kitchen waste in used plastic bottles, etc.

Mar 7, 2019 13:16 IST
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President Ram Nath Kovind on March 6, 2019 conferred the Swachh Survekshan Awards 2019 at a ceremony in New Delhi.

Indore was adjudged as India's Cleanest City for the third consecutive year in the central government's cleanliness survey, while Bhopal was named as the ‘Cleanest Capital’ of India. Indore reported a 70 percent drop in vector-borne ailments in 2019, which is being attributed to Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

Winners were awarded with a statue of Mahatma Gandhi as memento.

Highlights

Indore awarded as Cleanest City; Ambikapur in Chattisgarh was acknowledged as the second India's Cleanest City overall and became a role model for other towns in the state, followed by Mysuru as the third cleanest city.

Gujarat’s Ahmedabad was named as the Cleanest Big City in the population category of more than 10 lakh people.

Ujjain bagged the award for being the Cleanest Medium City in the population category of 3 lakh to 10 lakh.

The New Delhi Municipal Council area was given the 'Cleanest Small City' Award, and Uttarakhand's Gauchar was bestowed as the 'Best Ganga Town' in the cleanliness survey.

Chhattisgarh has also emerged India’s top performer among states, followed by Jharkhand and Maharashtra.

Survey found that cities undertook novel ways to address issues of sanitation and waste management including conducting zero-waste public events, converting floral waste to value-added products, cultivating of Oyster Mushrooms from agricultural and kitchen waste in used plastic bottles, etc.

Major Awardees of Swachh Survekshan 2019

Category

Place (Winner)

State

India's Cleanest City

Indore

Madhya Pradesh

Cleanest Big City

Ahmedabad

Gujarat

Cleanest Medium City

Ujjain

Madhya Pradesh

Cleanest Small City

New Delhi Municipal Council

Delhi

Cleanest Capital

Bhopal

Madhya Pradesh

Best Performing State

Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh

India's Cleanest Cantonment

Delhi Cantonment Board

Delhi

Best Ganga Town

Gauchar

Uttarakhand

North Zone's Cleanest City

Nawashahr

Punjab

East Zone's Cleanest City

Narharpur

Chhattisgarh

North East Zone's Cleanest City

Thoubal

Manipur

South Zone's Cleanest City

Piriyapatna

Karnataka

West Zone's Cleanest City

Karhad

Maharashtra

Top 20 Cities

 

In this year’s survey, these are the top 20 cities that have been the forerunners in Urban India’s progress towards cleanliness:

Large cities

Indore

Mysuru

Ahmedabad

Navi Mumbai

Tirupati

Rajkot

Vijayawada

Ghaziabad

Surat

 

Smaller towns and cities

Mul

Ambikapur

Ujjain

NDMC

Karhad

Lonavala

Vita

Dewas

Bhilai

Shahganj

Panhala

 

 

 

 

Swachh Survekshan Exercise: How Swachh Survekshan 2019 broke records of previous cleanliness surveys?

  • The Swachh Survekshan exercise was started with the objective of inculcating a spirit of healthy competition among cities in their race towards becoming India’s cleanest cities.
  • Every year, cities and towns across India are awarded with the title of 'Swachh Cities' on the basis of their cleanliness and sanitation drive as a part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan that was launched in 2014.
  • The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) conducted the first survey ‘Swachh Survekshan-2016’ for ranking 73 cities (Urban Local Bodies) in January 2016, under the ambit of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban). 
  • In order to expand the coverage of cities, the Ministry conducted its second survey ‘Swachh Survekshan 2017’ in January-February 2017 to rank 434 cities.
  • ‘Swachh Survekshan 2018’ saw a massive increase in both scale of survey and intensity of participation, with 4,203 cities covered.
  • The 2019 Swachh Survekshan survey scaled even greater heights, covering 4,237 cities and that too, in a record time of 28 days, in a completely paperless and digital format for data collection.

Here are the details about Swachh Survekshan 2019:

Impressive achievements under the Swachh Bharat Mission

Since the launch of the Swachh Bharat Mission in 2014, the urban areas of 23 states and UTs have become Open Defecation Free (ODF).

Over 94 percent cities are already ODF.

Nearly 63 lakh individual household toilets (94 percent progress), and more than 5 lakh public toilet seats have been constructed.

Google Toilet Locator: More than 42,000 public toilet blocks across 1400 cities have been mapped and are visible on Google Maps. The locator provides an option for citizens to provide their feedback after using the toilets.

Waste processing has gone up to 52 percent, which was mere 18 percent at the start of the Mission.

93.1 percent of households in Rural India were found to have access to toilets during the survey period

96.5 percent of the people, who had access to toilets, actually used them

90.7 percent of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF were confirmed to be ODF

The remaining villages also had sanitation coverage of about 93 percent

95.4 percent of the surveyed villages have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water

About Swachh Bharat Mission

  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Movement) is a campaign that was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 2, 2014.
  • The campaign seeks to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country's 4041 statutory cities and towns.

  • Behaviour change has been the focus of Swachh Bharat Mission, which is being pursued through a countrywide comprehensive IEC (Information-Education-Communication) programme.
  • Communication campaigns have been taken up both, at the central and state levels, for promoting sustained use of toilets and for sustaining the Open Defecation Free status achieved.
  • Objectives of Swachh Bharat are to reduce or eliminate open defecation through the construction of individual, cluster and community toilets.
  • Under both the versions of the campaign - Gramin and Urban, the government aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by October 2, 2019, the 150th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. 
  • For that purpose, 12 million toilets are being constructed in rural India at a projected cost of Rs 1.96 lakh crore.
  • Over 50 crore people stopped defecating in the open since the launch of the Swachh Bharat Mission. 
  • The national sanitation coverage is now in excess of 98 percent, compared to 39 percent in 2014.
  • Over 5.5 lakh villages and 615 districts have been declared ODF, along with 30 ODF States and Union Territories.

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