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Do you know the difference between Manuscript and Inscription

Manuscript and Inscription are the sources of historical knowledge. The manuscript is a handwritten or a manually typewritten document, whereas inscription is the writings on relatively hard surfaces such as stone or metal. In this article, we have discussed the difference between Manuscript and Inscription on the various bases, which would help the reader to enhance Knowledge about History writing on the basis of sources.
Feb 22, 2018 15:34 IST
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Do you know the difference between Manuscript and Inscription
Do you know the difference between Manuscript and Inscription

History cannot be written without archaeological and literary sources. From these sources, historians explore and try to understand what happened in the past. Here, we are giving the difference between Manuscript and Inscription on the various bases, which would help the reader to enhance Knowledge about History writing on the basis of sources.

Difference between Manuscript and Inscription

Bases

Manuscript

Inscription

Characteristic

It is handwritten records of the past.

It is not written but engraved records of the past.

Material

It is written on the surfaces of palm leaves, the bark of birch tree, vellum, papyrus, parchment, etc.

It is engraved record of kings and important events on surfaces like rocks, stones, walls of caves, pillars etc.

Preservation

It has written on the soft surfaces of palm leaves, the bark of the birch tree, vellum, papyrus, parchment, etc. Hence, difficult to preserve.

It has engraved on hard surfaces such as rocks, stones, walls of caves, pillars etc. Hence, it durable, and no special effort is needed for preservation.

Creation

It can be easily created.

As it is engraved on the hard surface. Thus require a lot of time and effort.

Durability (Longevity)

It has short lifetime, if it is not preserved properly.

It is engraved on the hard surface. Hence, it has longer life.

Modification

It can be easily modified because it is written on soft surface such as paper, tree bark etc.

It cannot easily modified because it is engraved on hard surface such as stone etc.

Example

Veda, Purana, Works of Kalidasa, Sangam Literature, Arthshastra of Kautilya

Ashoka Inscriptions, Alahabad Pillar, Bodhgaya inscription of Mahanaman, Iron pillar of Delhi, Rishtal inscription, Dhaneswar Khera Buddha image inscription

The inscriptions and manuscripts are the basis of the study for later generations and helped in reconstructing history. The rulers of the past had attached importance of recording events for the benefit to posterity by engraving the developments on stones, copper plates and palm leaves. For Example- The Edicts of Ashoka are a collection of 33 inscriptions on the Pillars of Ashoka as well as boulders and cave walls made by Emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan Empire during his reign from 269 BCE to 232 BCE. These inscriptions were dispersed throughout the areas of modern-day Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Afghanistan, and Pakistan and represent the first tangible evidence of Buddhism.

Study Material on Modern India |Medieval India |Ancient India

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