Adjective is an important part of speech in English Grammar and its proper understanding is required for attempting questions like ‘Spotting the Errors’ in the Verbal Aptitude Section. Finding an error in a sentence is a step-by-step process. Students must follow grammar rules while solving such type of questions.
Let us understand the grammar usage rules for Adjectives.
An Adjective is a word which qualifies a Noun or a Pronoun.
Basically, Adjectives are the words that provide extra information about other words.
There are three types of Adjectives:
1. Adjectives of Quality (What kind?): Delhi is a large city; he is an honest man, etc.
2. Adjectives of Quantity (How much?): I ate some rice, you have no sense, etc.
3. Adjectives of Number (How many?): The hand has five fingers, all men must die, etc.
Comparative Adjectives: Adjectives which are used to compare a Noun to another Noun.
Rule: Add ‘-er’ to form the Comparative Adjective.
Examples: Larger, smaller, faster, etc.
Superlative Adjectives: Adjectives which are used to compare three or more Nouns and describe the upper or lower limit of the object’s quality.
Rule: Add ‘-est’ to form the Superlative Adjective.
Examples: Largest, smallest, fastest, etc.
A Participle is a Verb that ends in ‘-ing’ or ‘-ed’ and functions as an Adjective. It modifies Nouns and Pronouns.
• Present Participle (‘-ing’): A Present Participle describes a present condition.
• Past Participle (‘-ed’): A Past Participle describes something that has happened.