Jharkhand is recognized for its diverse mineral resources. The economy of the state, employment as well as industrialization largely depends upon its expansion as well as utilization. Numerous Steel companies, thermal power units as well as aluminum plants are supported on coal, iron and bauxite obtainable in the Jharkhand state. The Limestone formed in the Jharkhand state is being utilized in Cement plants situated inside and outside the State.
Jharkhand is gifted with immense natural resources particularly the diverse assortment of mineral deposits ranging from Coal, Copper ore, Bauxite, Graphite, Fire clay, Uranium, Iron ore, Mica, Limestone, etc. Jharkhand is one of the main producers of minerals in India.
Jharkhand’s Mineral Resources
The entire store of Hematite in the Jharkhand area is more than 3000 million tones. Out of this Reserve, around 2000 million tones arise in Chiria region, situated near Monoharpur area in the Singbhum district. It is one of the principal solitary deposits in the world.
The deposits of Bauxite in Jharkhand are limited to Latehar, Gumla and Lohardaga districts. Some importabt bauxite bearing areas are: Pakhar, Orsapat, Bagru, Serengdag, Gurdari, Kujam, Nindi, Jalim, Chirodih and Senai etc.
There are around twenty-two limestone mines in Jharkhand that constitutes the total reserve of 563 million tons in the areas of Hazaribagh, Palamau, Ranchi and Singbhum districts. All the types of limestone are obtainable in these mines.
Coal is the most significant and profuse fossil fuel. It comes up with 63 percent of the country’s energy requirement. In Jharkhand, the entire reserves of the coal are 69128 million tones. It is extended over Hazaribagh, Rajmahal, Bokaro, Chatra and Jharia regions. The manufacturing of prime coal from the Jharkhand area is narrow. Though, relatively the standard superiority coking coal is obtainable in profusion.
Jharkhand constitutes around 46 percent of Mica reserves. Jharkhand persists to be the most important producer of Mica in India. Affluent Copper ore deposits crop up in the East Singbhum. Out of the 703 million tones reserves in India, Jharkhand state has around 47 million tones deposit of fireclay.
Jharkhand’s Graphite reserve is primarily situated in the district of Palamau. In Palamau district, both blistering and nebulous graphite transpire in lumpy appearance at Barwadih, Sokra and Satbarba regions. 0.6 million tones reserve along with 50 percent to 60 percent carbon content has been predictable at the Sokra region.
Jharkhand’s East Singhbhum region is the major producer of Uranium. The mineralization of Uranium occurs intermittently in metasediments at several places in Singhbhum Zone.
The China clay is normally found in the West Singhbhum district. It is also found in some parts of Hazaribagh, Sahebganj and Ranchi districts.
Copper ore’s affluent deposits transpire in the East Singbhum area. Hindustan Copper Ltd. Is mining copper ore for the copper plant situated at Ghatshila for drawing out of copper. The reserves of Copper have estimated to be around 110 milllion tones.
Kyanite is found in East Singhbhum area and Khejurbahar region in the Ranchi district.
Granite and ornamental stones
Widespread deposits of ornamental stones and granite (gabber, dolomites, peridolite, migmatites hematite jasper etc.) are obtainable in Jharkhand state. Granite deposits are anticipated to be approximately 19 million cubic meters, based on the IBM reports.