A cave is a hollow place in the grounds which is formed naturally by the weathering of rock and often extends deep underground. It also refers to smaller openings like sea caves, rock shelter and grottos. Here, we are giving the list of Famous and Amazing Caves or Caverns of the World that will not only enhance the general knowledge of aspirants of different examinations but also to the general readers.
1. Aggtelek Cave
Location: Northern Hungary
Characteristics: It is large stalactites (i.e. cylinder of calcium carbonate hanging from the roof of a limestone cave.) 5 miles long cave.
2. Altamira Cave
Location: Near Santander, Spain
Characteristics: It is famous for Stone Age animal paintings on roof and walls.
Location: Grecian Archipelago
Characteristics: It is located at the height of 177 metres above sea level and famous for ambience, brilliant colour and fantastic shapes.
4. Blue Grotto
Location: Island of Capri, Italy
Characteristics: It is a limestone sea cavern which becomes hollow by constant wave action. It is known for unusual blue light permeating the cave.
5. Carlsbad Caverns
Location: Southeast New Mexico
Characteristics: It is a home of the largest and most impressive stalactites and stalagmites, particularly in the Lechuguilla Cave.
6. Fingal's Cave
Location: Island of Staffa, Scotland
Characteristics: It is famous for natural acoustics and formed by hexagonally jointed basalt columns within a Palaeocene lava flow.
7. Jenolan Caves
Location: Blue Mountain Plateau, New South Wales, Australia
Characteristics: It is one of the beautiful stalactites formations.
8. Kent's Cavern
Location: Near Torquay, England
Characteristics: It is an archaeological site which helps in the study of Paleolithic humans.
9. Lascaux Cave
Characteristics: It is known for tens of thousands of years old prehistoric cave painting.
10. Lubang Nasib Bagus
Location: Sarawak, Malaysia
Characteristics: It is known for world's largest natural underground chamber which is 2,300 feet long, 1,480 feet wide, and everywhere at least 230 ft. high.
11. Luray Caverns
Location: Virginia, United States of America
Characteristics: The cave is adorned with speleothems such as columns, mud flows, stalactites, stalagmites, flowstone, and mirrored pools.
12. Mogao Caves
Location: Dunhuang, Jiuquan, Gansu, China
Characteristics: It is famous for statues and wall paintings, spanning 1,000 years of Buddhist art.
13. Mammoth Cave
Location: Kentucky, United States of America
Characteristics: It was formed by thick Mississippian-aged limestone strata capped by a layer of sandstone and is the world’s longest cave system which is more than 390 miles of passageway.
14. Peak Cavern or Devil's Hole
Location: Derbyshire, England
Characteristics: It is 2250 feet long and 600 feet below the surface.
15. Postojna Grotto
Location: Postojna, Slovenia
Characteristics: It was formed by grooved and irregularly eroded limestone, which was carved out by underground streams and is home of world's largest troglodytes amphibian i.e. Olm.
16. Singing Cave
Characteristics: It is famous for echoes phenomena.
17. Waitomo Cave
Location: North Island, New Zealand
Characteristics: It was formed in Oligocene limestone and is a home glow-worms that make cave glowing like thousands of stars in the night sky.
18. Wind Cave
Location: South Dakota, USA
Characteristics: It is one of the longest and complex caves in the world which is composed of thin calcite fins resembling honeycombs.
19. Wyandotte Cave
Location: Crawford County, Indiana
Characteristics: It is one of the world's largest underground “mountains. It was formed during form Pliocene Era.
In the above list of Famous and Amazing Caves or Caverns of the World will concretise the general knowledge of readers.