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List of Major Rivers of the World

About 70% of Earth surface is covered with water and is found in rivers, lakes, streams and oceans. Here, we are giving, the list of Major Rivers of the World which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
Jul 6, 2017 16:40 IST

About 70% of Earth surface is covered with water and is found in rivers, lakes, streams and oceans. Here, we are giving, the list of Major Rivers of the World which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Rivers of world

Source:cruise-international.com

Major Rivers of the World

1. Nile

Sources: Tributaries of Lake Victoria, Africa       

Outflow: Mediterranean Sea   

Approx. Length (km): 6,690            

2. Amazon

Sources: Glacier-fed lakes, Peru       

Outflow: Atlantic Ocean

Approx. Length (km): 6,296

3. Mississippi-Missouri-Red Rock

Sources: Source of Red Rock, Montana     

Outflow: Gulf of Mexico

Approx. Length (km): 5,970

4. Chang Jiang (Yangtze)

Source: Tibetan plateau, China

Outflow: China Sea

Approx. Length: 5,797 Km              

5. Ob

Sources: Altai Mts., Russia    

Outflow: Gulf of Ob      

Approx. Length (km): 5,567

6. Huang He (Yellow)

Sources: Eastern part of Kunlan Mts., West China       

Outflow: Gulf of Chihli 

Approx. Length (km): 4,667

7. Yenisei

Sources: Tannu-Ola Mts., western Tuva, Russia 

Outflow: Arctic Ocean   

Approx. Length (km): 4,506

8. Parana

Sources: Confluence of Paranaiba and Grande rivers   

Outflow: Río de la Plata

Approx. Length (km): 4,498

9. Irtish

Sources: Altai Mts., Russia    

Outflow: Ob River         

Approx. Length (km): 4,438

10. Zaire (Congo)

Source: Confluence of Lualab and Luapula rivers, Congo

Outflow: Atlantic Ocean

Approx. Length (km): 4,371

List of Major Mountain Ranges of the World

11. Heilong (Amur)

Sources: Confluence of Shilka (Russia) and Argun (Manchuria) rivers

Outflow: Tatar Strait    

Approx. Length (km): 4,352

12. Lena

Sources: Baikal Mts., Russia  

Outflow: Arctic Ocean   

Approx. Length (km): 4,268

13. Mackenzie

Sources: Head of Finlay River, British Columbia, Canada     

Outflow: Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean)        

Approx. Length (km): 4,241

14. Niger

Sources: Guinea 

Outflow: Gulf of Guinea

Approx. Length (km): 4,184

15. Mekong

Sources: Tibetan highlands   

Outflow: South China Sea     

Approx. Length (km): 4,023

16. Mississippi

Sources: Lake Itasca, Minnesota      

Outflow: Gulf of Mexico

Approx. Length (km): 3,779

17. Missouri

Sources: Confluence of Jefferson, Gallatin, and Madison rivers, Montana

Outflow: Mississippi River      

Approx. Length (km): 3,726

18. Volga

Sources: Valdai plateau, Russia       

Outflow: Caspian Sea   

Approx. Length (km): 3,687

19. Madeira

Sources: Confluence of Beni and Maumoré rivers, Bolivia–Brazil boundary

Outflow: Amazon River 

Approx. Length (km): 3,238

20. Purus

Sources: Peruvian Andes

Outflow: Amazon River 

Approx. Length (km): 3,207

List of largest lakes of the World

21. Sao Francisco

Sources: Southwest Minas Gerais, Brazil  

Outflow: Atlantic Ocean

Approx. Length (km): 3,198

22. Yukon

Sources: Junction of Lewes and Pelly rivers, Yukon Territory, Canada

Outflow: Bering Sea     

Approx. Length (km): 3,185

23. St. Lawrence

Sources: Lake Ontario  

Outflow: Gulf of St. Lawrence

Approx. Length (km): 3,058

24. Rio Grande

Sources: San Juan Mts., Colorado  

Outflow: Gulf of Mexico

Approx. Length (km): 3,034

25. Brahmaputra

Sources: Himalayas      

Outflow: Ganges River  

Approx. Length (km): 2,897

26. Indus

Sources: Himalayas      

Outflow: Arabian Sea   

Approx. Length (km): 2,897

27. Danube

Sources: Black Forest, Germany      

Outflow: Black Sea       

Approx. Length (km): 2,842

28. Euphrates

Sources: Confluence of Murat Nehri and Kara Su rivers, Turkey     

Outflow: Shatt-al-Arab 

Approx. Length (km): 2,799

29. Darling

Sources: Central part of Eastern Highlands, Australia 

Outflow: Murray River  

Approx. Length (km): 2,739

30. Zambezi

Sources: 11°21'S, 24°22'E, Zambia  

Outflow: Mozambique Channel

Approx. Length (km): 2,736

List of Major Fishing Grounds of the World

31. Tocantins

Sources: Goias, Brazil  

Outflow: Para River      

Approx. Length (km): 2,699

32. Murray

Sources: Australian Alps, New South Wales       

Outflow: Indian Ocean 

Approx. Length (km): 2,589

33. Nelson

Sources: Head of Bow River, western Alberta, Canada 

Outflow: Hudson Bay   

Approx. Length (km): 2,575

34. Paraguay

Sources: Mato Grosso, Brazil 

Outflow: Parana River  

Approx. Length (km): 2,549

35. Ural

Sources: Southern Ural Mts., Russia        

Outflow: Caspian Sea   

Approx. Length (km): 2,533

36. Ganges

Sources: Himalayas      

Outflow: Bay of Bengal 

Approx. Length (km): 2,506

37. Amu Darya (Oxus)

Sources: Nicholas Range, Pamir Mts., Turkmenistan   

Outflow: Aral Sea

Approx. Length (km): 2,414

38. Japura

Sources: Andes, Colombia      

Outflow: Amazon River 

Approx. Length (km): 2,414

39. Salween

Sources: Tibet, south of Kunlun Mts.        

Outflow: Gulf of Martaban     

Approx. Length (km): 2,414

40. Arkansas

Sources: Central Colorado     

Outflow: Mississippi River      

Approx. Length (km): 2,348

List of the Major Straits of the World

41. Colorado

Sources: Grand County, Pennsylvania

Outflow: Mississippi River      

Approx. Length (km): 2,348

42. Dnieper

Sources: Valdai Hills, Russia 

Outflow: Black Sea       

Approx. Length (km): 2,284

43. Ohio-Allegheny

Sources: Potter County, Pennsylvania       

Outflow: Mississippi River      

Approx. Length (km): 2,102

44. Irrawaddy

Sources: Confluence of Nmai and Mali rivers, northeast Burma      

Outflow: Bay of Bengal 

Approx. Length (km): 2,092

45. Orange

Sources: Lesotho 

Outflow: Atlantic Ocean

Approx. Length (km): 2,092

46. Orinoco

Source: Serra Parima Mts., Venezuela       

Outflow: Atlantic Ocean

Approx. Length (km): 2,062

47. Pilcomayo

Sources: Andes Mts., Bolivia  

Outflow: Paraguay River        

Approx. Length (km): 1,999

48. Xi Jiang (Si Kiang)

Sources: Eastern Yunnan Province, China

Outflow: China Sea      

Approx. Length (km): 1,989

49. Columbia

Sources: Columbia Lake, British Columbia, Canada    

Outflow: Pacific Ocean  

Approx. Length (km): 1,983

50. Don

Sources: Tula, Russia   

Outflow: Sea of Azov     

Approx. Length (km): 1,968

List of the Major Deserts of the World

51. Sungari

Sources: China–North Korea boundary     

Outflow: Amur River     

Approx. Length (km): 1,955

52. Saskatchewan

Sources: Canadian Rocky Mts.        

Outflow: Lake Winnipeg         

Approx. Length (km): 1,939

53. Peace

Sources: Stikine Mts., British Columbia, Canada        

Outflow: Great Slave River     

Approx. Length (km): 1,923

54. Tigris

Sources: Taurus Mts., Turkey

Outflow: Shatt-al-Arab 

Approx. Length (km): 1,899

In the above lists of the Major Rivers of the World including the source location, outflow, and approximate length which will help the reader to enhancing their general awareness.

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