List of the Major Deserts of the World

Deserts are found in the arid and semi-arid parts o the Earth’s surface. They are mainly found on the sub-tropical high pressure belt region where the subsidence of air and the inversion of temperature take place. Here, we are giving the list of the Major Deserts of the World dealing with the concept behind its formation, the typology and deserts around the world will enhance the general awareness of the readers.
Created On: May 26, 2017 15:32 IST

Deserts are found in the arid and semi-arid parts o the Earth’s surface. They are mainly found on the sub-tropical high pressure belt region where the subsidence of air and the inversion of temperature take place.  Here, we are giving the list, which is a collection of the Major Deserts of the World, the concept behind its formation and the typology that can be used by aspirant of different competitive exams as revision notes.

 Desert World

Formation of Desert

I. Formed due to rain shadow effect.

II. Formed when ocean air from the land is obstructing by mountain ranges from east and from the west.

III. Cold currents play a decisive role because they reduce the humidity of the coastal winds that resultant less precipitation or no precipitation.

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Types of Desert

(a) Rocky Desert

(b) Stony Desert

(c) Sandy Desert

List of the Major Deserts of the World

Desert Map

1. Sahara   

Region: Northern Africa

2. Barberton, Simpson, Gibson, Australia Stuart, Victoria 

Region: Australia

3. Nafud, Hamada

Region: Saudi Arabia

4. Gobi      

Region: Mongolia and China

5. Kalahari          

Region: Botswana

6. Taklamakan   

Region: Sikiang province of China

7. Sonoran          

Region: USA & Mexico

8. Namib    

Region: Namibia

9. Karakum        

Region: Turkmenistan

10. Thar    

Region: India and Pakistan

Physiography of India

11. Somalian      

Region: Somalia

13. Atacama        

Region: Northern Chile

14. Kyzyl Kum   

Region: Uzbekistan

15. Dast-E-Lut    

Region: Eastern Iran

16. Dasht-e-Kavir        

Region: Northern Iran

17. Mojave (Pronounced Mohave)  

Region: USA

18. Centura        

Region: USA

19. Sierra Nevada        

Region: USA

20. Patagonia     

Region: Argentina

The desert is a barren land and it is formed due to the weathering processes as large variations in temperature between day and night put strains on the rocks which consequently break in pieces. In the above list of the Major Deserts of the World dealing with the concept behind its formation, the typology and deserts around the world will enhance the general awareness of the readers.

Basic Concepts in Geography

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