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List of the Major Deserts of the World

26-MAY-2017 15:32

    Deserts are found in the arid and semi-arid parts o the Earth’s surface. They are mainly found on the sub-tropical high pressure belt region where the subsidence of air and the inversion of temperature take place.  Here, we are giving the list, which is a collection of the Major Deserts of the World, the concept behind its formation and the typology that can be used by aspirant of different competitive exams as revision notes.

     Desert World

    Formation of Desert

    I. Formed due to rain shadow effect.

    II. Formed when ocean air from the land is obstructing by mountain ranges from east and from the west.

    III. Cold currents play a decisive role because they reduce the humidity of the coastal winds that resultant less precipitation or no precipitation.

    List of amazing facts about the Solar System and its Planets

    Types of Desert

    (a) Rocky Desert

    (b) Stony Desert

    (c) Sandy Desert

    List of the Major Deserts of the World

    Desert Map

    1. Sahara   

    Region: Northern Africa

    2. Barberton, Simpson, Gibson, Australia Stuart, Victoria 

    Region: Australia

    3. Nafud, Hamada

    Region: Saudi Arabia

    4. Gobi      

    Region: Mongolia and China

    5. Kalahari          

    Region: Botswana

    6. Taklamakan   

    Region: Sikiang province of China

    7. Sonoran          

    Region: USA & Mexico

    8. Namib    

    Region: Namibia

    9. Karakum        

    Region: Turkmenistan

    10. Thar    

    Region: India and Pakistan

    Physiography of India

    11. Somalian      

    Region: Somalia

    13. Atacama        

    Region: Northern Chile

    14. Kyzyl Kum   

    Region: Uzbekistan

    15. Dast-E-Lut    

    Region: Eastern Iran

    16. Dasht-e-Kavir        

    Region: Northern Iran

    17. Mojave (Pronounced Mohave)  

    Region: USA

    18. Centura        

    Region: USA

    19. Sierra Nevada        

    Region: USA

    20. Patagonia     

    Region: Argentina

    The desert is a barren land and it is formed due to the weathering processes as large variations in temperature between day and night put strains on the rocks which consequently break in pieces. In the above list of the Major Deserts of the World dealing with the concept behind its formation, the typology and deserts around the world will enhance the general awareness of the readers.

    Basic Concepts in Geography

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