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Olga Ladyzhenskaya: Biography, Achievement and Contribution as Mathematician

Mar 7, 2019 16:43 IST
    Olga Ladyzhenskaya: Biography, Achievement and Contribution as Mathematician

    Date of Birth: March 7, 1922

    Died on: January 12, 2004 (aged 81)

    Nationality: Soviet–Russian

    Alma mater: Moscow University

    Known for: Fluid dynamics of the Navier-Stokes equations, Hilbert's nineteenth problem, partial differential equations

    Mathematics has a lot of significance in our daily life because it enhances the problem-solving skills and analytical thinking.

    One of the most famous mathematicians of her time is Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya. Her life is an inspiring story of breaching barriers and overcoming hurdles to fulfil her dreams. She was a Russian national who exuberated over personal tragedy and obstacles to become a great mathematician of her generation.

    Biography of Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya

    Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya was born in the family of mathematics teacher that credited with her early inspiration and love for mathematics. She faced several hardships during her early life. At the age of 15, her father was executed by the Soviet authorities on charges of being an “enemy of the state”.
    After that her mother and sisters sold dresses, shoes, and soap to meet their daily necessities. She was denied to enter the Leningrad University due to her family name. But her aspiration and passion for mathematics drove her to become a mathematics teacher to secondary school students. During her teaching profession, she got a chance to attend the Moscow State University, where she met renowned mathematician Ivan Petrovsky. After that she started her PhD under Ivan Petrovsky. In 1953, she presented her doctoral thesis and was awarded the doctoral degree.

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    Contribution of Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya as a Mathematician

    She wrote 250 papers in her lifetime and achieved recognition for solving partial differential equations (especially Hilbert's nineteenth problem) and fluid dynamics. She provided the first rigorous proofs of the convergence of a finite difference method for the Navier–Stokes equations.

    Awards & Achievements of Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya

    1. In 1990, she became the president of St. Petersburg Mathematical Society for her contribution in mathematics.

    2. She was shortlisted for potential recipients for the 1958 Fields Medal, but ultimately awarded to Klaus Roth and René Thom.

    3. She was awarded the Lomonosov Gold Medal by the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2002.

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