India is famous for its unity in diversity that is why the policy makers of the country need to make plans for every citizens of the country. The same is also justified by the launch of programmes like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojna, SABLA, Kaushal Vikas Yojna, MGNREGA and Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojna etc.
In this article we are giving some brief information about the different plans made for different sections/individuals of the country. Some of these programmes are launched by the present Modi government and some by previous governments.
A. Plans Made for the Women Empowerment:
1. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Programme:
I. This programme was launched on January 22nd, 2015 at Panipat, Haryana for promoting survival, protection and education of the girl child.
II. It aims to address the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio through a mass campaign.
III. The overall goal of the programme is to prevent gender based sex selective elimination, ensure survival and protection of every girl child and ensure her education and acceptance in the society.
2. Rajeev Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of the Adolescent Girls (SABLA)
I. It is a centrally sponsored program of Government of India initiated on April 1, 2011.
II. It is launched under the guidance of Ministry of Women and Child Development.
III. This program covers adolescent girls 11–18 years old under all ICDS projects in selected 200 districts of India. The target group would be subdivided into 11-15 and 15–18 years.
IV. The scheme has divided the benefits in two groups: nutritional(hot cooked meal for home) and non nutritional ( provided iron-folic acid supplement & health check-ups)
3. Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojna (IGMSY)
I. This maternity benefit program launched on October 28, 2010.
II. Main aim of this programme is to provide financial assistance to the pregnant and lactating mothers of 19 years age or more for the first two children.
III. Under this programme government provides financial assistance of Rs.6000 in two installments for better care of new born and lactating mother.
IV. This programme is run by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
B. Plans Made For Youths & Businessmen
1. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna
I. The Union Cabinet approved the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) on March 19, 2015 with an outlay of Rs.1500 crore.
II. The programme aims to impart skill training to youth with focus on first time entrants to the labour market and class 10 and class 12 drop outs.
III. The programme is implemented by the Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) training partners.
IV. The training under this scheme includes soft skills, personal grooming, behavioural change for cleanliness, good work ethics etc.
2. Startup India Programme
I. This plan was launched on January 16, 2016.
II. Ministry of Commerce and Industry is the nodal agency for the plan.
III. This plan aims promoting bank financing for start-up ventures to boost entrepreneurship in youth and encourage start ups in the country to create more jobs.
IV. Rural India's version of 'Startup India' is named as 'Deen Dayal Upadhyay Swaniyojan Yojana'
3. Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojna
I. Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana was launched on the April 8, 2015.
II. The Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Bank is a new institution being set up by Government of India for development and refinancing activities relating to micro units (MSMEs).
III. The MUDRA banks were set up under the Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana scheme throughout the country.
IV. Those eligible to borrow from MUDRA bank are: Small manufacturing unit, Shopkeepers, Fruit and vegetable vendors and Artisans.
Image source:PM Jan Dhan Yojana
List of Various Rural Development Schemes in India
C. Prime Ministers Plan for the Poor
1. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)-
I. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005, was launched on the 2nd Feb.2006. Now the new name of this scheme is "Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act" (or, MGNREGA).
II. This scheme is an Indian labour law and social security measure that aims to provide ‘right to work' to the peoples belonging to Below Poverty Line.
III. It guarantees the 100 days employment in a year to the village peoples.
IV.Its 90% funding is bear by the central government and 10% by the state government.
Image source:Central Government Jobs
2. Antyodaya Anna Yojna (AAY)-
I. This scheme was launched by the Prime Minister Atal Bihari Bajpayi on the December 25, 2000.
II. This scheme provides food grains to around 2 cr. Below Poverty Line (BPL) families at very subsidized rate.
III. Total 35 kgs. of food grains is provided to a family. Rice is provided at the rate of Rs. 3/kg and wheat at Rs. 2/kg.
IV. Poor families were identified by their respective states.
3. Village Grain Bank Scheme-
I. This scheme is in operation since Nov. 2004.
II. This scheme was implemented by the department of food and public distribution.
III. Main objective of this scheme is to provide safeguard against the starvation during the period of natural calamity or during lean season when the marginalized food insecure households do not have sufficient resources to purchase rations.
IV. Under this scheme needy peoples will be able to borrow food grains from the village grain bank and return it when they have abundant food.