Punjab: Water System

07-JAN-2014 12:25

    Punjab, the name itself is derived from the Persian words Punj meaning five and ab meaning water, was a land of 5 rivers which formed part of Indus Basin till the year 1947. After partition, the Indus water Treaty, 1960 constrained India’s rights of usage to only 3 Eastern rivers (Sutlej, Beas and Ravi), the 3 Western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab) were allocated for limited usage of Pakistan.


    Rivers of Punjab




    Country: India

    States: Himachal Pradesh, Punjab

    Source: Beas Kund

    Location: Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh

    Mouth: Sutlej River

    Length: 470 km

    Basin: 20.303 km2




    Origin: Chamba district, Himachal Pradesh, India

    Mouth: Indo - Pak border into Chenab River

    Basin countries: India, Pakistan

    Length: 720 kms

    Basin area: India & Pakistan

    River system: Indus River System

    Left tributaries: Beas & Sutlej

    Right tributaries: Chenab & Indus




    Country: India, Pakistan

    Source: Lake Rakshastal

    Length: 1,500 km



    Lakes of Punjab



    Location: Punjab

    Type: Freshwater

    Primary inflows: Beas & Sutlej Rivers

    Basin countries: India

    Surface area: 4100 ha



    Location: Punjab

    Type: Freshwater

    Primary inflows: Kali Bein rivulet

    Basin countries: India

    Surface area: 490 ha

    Average depth: 3.05 m (10 ft)

    Max. depth: 7.62 m (25 feet)

    Surface elevation: 210 m



    Location: Punjab

    Type: Freshwater

    Primary inflows: Sutlej River

    Basin countries: India

    Surface area: 1,365 ha

    Average depth: 0.5 m

    Max. depth: 6 m

    Surface elevation: 275 m

    Settlements: Rupnagar





    Read more:Punjab , States of India

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