The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP): Crucial facts at a Glance
The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) is located in the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India. GHNP was formally declared a National Park in 1999, scattering in near about area of 754.4 sq kms. The Great Himalayan National Park is a habitat to numerous flora and more than 376 fauna species, including approximately 32 mammals, 180 birds, 3 reptiles, 10 amphibians, 12 annelids, 18 mollusks and 126 insects. It got the tag of World Heritage site on 23rd June 2014.
Outline of the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)
GHNP River, Origin of Tirthan River near Tirath-
Geographical Map of the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)-
Biodiversity at the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)
Facts about the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP):-
- The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) is situated in the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India. Initially constituted in 1984, GHNP was formally declared a National Park in 1999, covering an area of 754.4 sq kms.
- The total area under Park administration (National Park, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Ecozone) is 1171 sq km, which is together reckoned to as the Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area (GHNPCA).
- A buffer zone of 5 km from the Park’s western boundary, covering 265.6 sq km. and including 2,300 households in 160 villages, was delineated as an Ecozone.
- In 2010, both the Sainj and Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuaries were added to GHNP.
- GHNPCA habitats to numerous rare and threatened species including the Western Tragopan, Chir Pheasant, Asiatic Black Bear, Himalayan Musk Deer Snow Leopard, , Blue Sheep, Serow and Himalayan Tahr.
- The Great Himalayan National Park possesses to numerous flora and more than 375 fauna species, including near about 181 birds ,31 mammals, 9 amphibians, , 3 reptiles 17 mollusks ,127 insects and 11 annelids.
- Flora and fauna species are cared under the strict guidelines of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
- Nearly 25 Threatened IUCN Red-listed plant species are listed from the park.
- The boundaries of GHNP touches with the recently established (2010) Khirganga National Park (710 sq km), the Pin Valley National Park (675 sq km) in Trans-Himalaya, Rupi-Bhabha Wildlife Sanctuary (503 sq km) in Sutlej watershed and Kanawar Wildlife Sanctuary (61 sq km).
- The 905.40 sq km GHNPCA includes the Upper Mountain glacial and snow melt water source origins of the westerly flowing JiwaNal, Sainj and Tirthan Rivers and the north-westerly flowing Parvati River which are all headwater tributaries to the River Beas and subsequently, the Indus River.
- A distance of 34 to 46 kms in any of the park's valleys takes a traveller into the high altitude habitat (3,500 m and above) of animals such as blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan brown bear, musk deer and Himalayan tahr.