Agriculture in Uttar Pradesh has a significant history. Agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector in Uttar Pradesh. It has always played a significant role in improving the social as well as economic fabric of India. Uttar Pradesh is one of the major contributors to the national food grain stock.
The fertile region of the Indo - Gangetic plain is contributing a lot in the agricultural development of the state. The densely populated sugar producing district of Uttar Pradesh is Lakhimpur Kheri. 78% of national livestock population comes from this place. Uttar Pradesh is a great producer of food grains in India since the 1950s. Its high-yielding varieties of seed, availability of fertilizers and irrigation usage helps a great deal in contributing in India’s agriculture.
As compared to the other regions in the state, Western Uttar Pradesh is highly advanced in terms of agriculture. Pulses, wheat, rice, potatoes and oil seeds are the major agricultural products produced in the state. The most important cash crop throughout Uttar Pradesh is Sugarcane. As far as horticulture is concerned, Uttar Pradesh is an important state. Intensive plant cultivation is practiced all around the state. Apples and mangoes are highly produced.
Around 15% of India's livestock population is supported by the state. In the year 1961, 21% of the total livestock were buffaloes, 15% were cattle, 13% goats and 8% others. 14% increase in overall livestock population was seen in the years between 1951-56. Agriculture is also the leading occupation in Uttar Pradesh. The water sources include rivers, canals, lakes, streams and tanks.