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CTET 2013 Question Paper (II) with Answers: July

Sep 5, 2018 14:22 IST
    CTET 2013 Question Paper (II) with Answers: July
    CTET 2013 Question Paper (II) with Answers: July

    CTET Question Paper 2013 with answers (Paper 2, July 2013) is available here. In this article, you will get section-wise question and answers of complete CTET 2013 question papers second (July month). Links to access other critical for CTET 2018 preparation are also given at the end of this article.

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    Child Development & Pedagogy

    Answers of Child Development & Pedagogy

    Mathematics and Science

    Answers of Mathematics and Science

    Social Studies/ Social Science

    Answers of Social Studies/ Social Science

    Language I - English

    Answers of Language I - English

    Language II - हिन्दी

    Answers of Language II - हिन्दी

    Child Development & Pedagogy

    Directions: Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option.

     1. Which one of the following is a critique of theory of multiple intelligences?

    (a) Multiple intelligence are only the 'talents' present in intelligence as a whole.

    (b) Multiple intelligence provides students to discover their propensities.

    (c) It overemphasises practical intelligence.

    (d) It cannot be supported by empirical evidence at all.

    2. Which one of the following pair is least likely to be a correct match?

    (a) Children enter in the world with certain knowledge about language – Chomsky

    (b) Language and thought are initially two different activities –  Vygotsky

    (c) Language is contingent on thought – Piaget

    (d) Language is a stimuli in enviomment                –  B.F. Skinner

    3. Features assigned due to social roles and not due to biological endowment are called

    (a) Gender role attitudes

    (b) Gender role strain

    (c) Gender-role stereotype

    (d) Gender role diagnosticity

    4. Which of the following will be most appropriate to maximise learning?

    (a) Teacher should identify her cognitive style as well as of her students' cognitive style.

    (b) Individual difference in students should be smoothened by pairing similar students.

    (c) Teacher should focus on only one learning style to bring optimum result.

    (d) Students of similar cultural background should be kept in the same class to avoid difference in opinion.

    5. All of the following promote assessment as learning except

    (a) telling students to take internal feedback.

    (b) generating a safe environment for students to take chances.

    (c) tell students to reflect on the topic taught.

    (d) testing students as frequently as possible.

    6. When a cook tastes a food during cooking it may be akin to

    (a) Assessment of learning

    (b) Assessment for learning

    (c) Assessment as learning

    (d) Assessment and learning

    7. Differentiated instruction is

    (a) using a variety of groupings to meet student needs.

    (b) doing something different for every student in the class.

    (c) disorderly or undisciplined student activity.

    (d) using groups that never change.

    8. In a culturally and linguistically diverse classroom, before deciding whether a student comes under special education category, a teacher should

    (a) Not involve parents as parents have their own work

    (b) Evaluate student on her/his mother language to establish disability

    (c) Use specialised psychologists

    (d) Segregate the child to neutralise environmental factor.

    9. Learning disabilities may occur due to all of the following except

    (a) Teachers way of teaching

    (b) Prenatal use of alcohol

    (c) Mental Retardation

    (d) Meningitis during infancy

    10. An inclusive school reflects on all the following questions except:

    (a) Do we believe that all students can learn

    (b) Do we work in teams to plan and deliver learning enabling environment

    (c) Do we properly segregate special children from normal to provide better care

    (d) Do we adopt strategies catering for the diverse needs of students

    11. Gifted students are

    (a) Convergent thinkers

    (b) Divergent thinkers

    (c) Extrovert

    (d) Very hard working

    12. The shaded area represent students in a normal distribution who fall

    CTET 2013 Question Paper (II) with Answers: July - Q.12

    (a) At σ = 0

    (b) Between 2σ  - 3σ

    (c) After 3σ

    (d) Between σ - 2σ

    13. Which one of the following pair would be most appropriate choice to complete the following sentence? Children _______ faster when they are involved in the activities that seem to be _______.

    (a) Forget; useful in a classroom

    (b) Recall; linked with their classwork only

    (c) Memorise; culturally neutral

    (d) Learn; useful in real life

    14. CBSE prescribed group activities for students in place of activities for individual students. The idea behind doing so could be

    (a) to overcome the negative emotional response to individual competition which may generalise across learning.

    (b) to make it easy for teachers to observe groups instead of individual students.

    (c) to rationalise the time available with schools most of which do not have enough time for individual activities.

    (d) to reduce the infrastructural cost of the activity.

    15. The conclusion ‘Children can learn violent behaviour depicted in movies’ may be derived on the basis of the work done by which of the following psychologist?

    (a) Edward L. Thorndike

    (b) J.B. Watson

    (c) Albert Bandura

    (d) Jean Piaget

    16. Students observe fashion shows and try to imitate models. This kind of imitation may be called

    (a) Primary simulation

    (b) Secondary simulation

    (c) Social learning

    (d) Generalisation

    17. If students repeatedly make errors during a lesson, a teacher should

    (a) make changes in instruction, tasks, timetable or seating arrangements.

    (b) leave the lesson for the time being and come back to it after some time.

    (c) identify the erring students and talk to principal about them.

    (d) make erring students stand outside the classroom.

    18. Following are some techniques to manage anxiety due to an approaching examination; except

    (a) familiarising with the pattern of question paper.

    (b) thinking too much about the result.

    (c) seeking support.

    (d) emphasising strengths.

    19. Bloom’s taxonomy is a hierarchical organisation of ____ .

    (a) achievement goals

    (b) curricular declarations

    (c) reading skills

    (d) cognitive objectives

    20. A, B and C are three students studying English. ‘A’ finds it interesting and thinks it will be helpful for her in future. ‘B’ studies English as she wants to secure first rank in the class. ‘C’ studies it as she is primarily concerned to secure passing grades. The goals of A, B and C respectively are

    (a) Mastery, Performance, Performance Avoidance

    (b) Performance, Performance Avoidance, Mastery

    (c) Performance Avoidance, Mastery, Performance

    (d) Mastery, Performance Avoidance, Performance

    21. Even though this was clearly in violation of his safety needs, Captain Vikram Batra died fighting in the Kargil War while protecting his country. He might have

    (a) sought novel experience.

    (b) achieved self-actualisation.

    (c) ignored his belongingness needs.

    (d) wanted to earn a good name to his family.

    22. Extinction of a response is more difficult following

    (a) partial reinforcement

    (b) continuous reinforcement

    (c) punishment

    (d) verbal reproach

    23. Mastery orientation can be encouraged by

    (a) focusing on students’ individual effort.

    (b) comparing students’ successes with each other.

    (c) assigning lot of practice material as home assignments.

    (d) taking unexpected tests.

    24. Which one of the following is correctly matched?

    (a) Physical Development – Environment

    (b) Cognitive Development – Maturation

    (c) Social Development – Environment

    (d) Emotional Development – Maturation

    25. All the following facts indicate that a child is emotionally and socially fit in a class except

    (a) develop good relationships with peers

    (b) concentrate on and persist with challenging tasks

    (c) manage both anger and joy effectively

    (d) concentrate persistently on competition with peers

    26. Which of the following statements support role of environment in the development of a child?

    (a) Some students quickly process information while others in the same class do not.

    (b) There has been a steady increase in students’ average performance on IQ tests in last few decades.

    (c) Correlation between IQs of identical twins raised in different homes is as high as 0.75.

    (d) Physically fit children are often found to be morally good.

    27. Socialisation includes cultural transmission and

    (a) discourages rebellion.

    (b) development of individual personality.

    (c) fits children into labels.

    (d) provides emotional support.

    28. A teacher shows two identical glasses filled with an equal amount of juice in them. She empties them in two different glasses one of which is taller and the other one is wider. She asks her class to identify which glass would have more juice in it. Students reply that the taller glass has more juice. Her students have difficulty in dealing with

    (a) Accommodation

    (b) Egocentrism

    (c) Decentring

    (d) Reversibility

    29. Karnail Singh does not pay income tax despite legal procedures and expenses. He thinks that he cannot support a corrupt government which spends millions of rupees in building unnecessary dams. He is probably in which state of Kohlberg’s stages of moral development

    (a) Conventional

    (b) Post Conventional

    (c) Pre Conventional

    (d) Para Conventional

    30. Intelligence theory incorporates the mental processes involved in intelligence (i.e. meta-components) and the varied forms that intelligence can take (i.e. creative intelligence)

    (a) Spearman’s ‘g’ factor

    (b) Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence

    (c) Savant theory of intelligence

    (d) Thurstone’s primary mental abilities

    Mathematics & Science

    Directions: Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option.

    31. The number of integers less than –3 but greater than –8 is

    (a) 2

    (b) 3

    (c) 4

    (d) 6

    32. The distance between two places is 12 km. A map scale is 1: 25000. The distance between the two places on the map, in cm, is

    (a) 24

    (b) 36

    (c) 48

    (d) 60

    33. The reciprocal of -3/8 × (-7/13) is

    (a) 104/21

    (b) -104/21

    (c) 21/104

    (d) -21/104

    34. The number of vertices in a polyhedron which has 30 edges and 12 faces is

    (a) 12

    (b) 15

    (c) 20

    (d) 24

    35. When half of a number is increased by 15, the result is 39. The sum of digits of the original number is

    (a) 6

    (b) 7

    (c) 9

    (d) 12

    36. In ΔPQT, PQ = PT. The points R and S are on QT such that PR = PS. If ∠PTS = 62° and ∠RPS = 34°, then measure of ∠QPR is

    (a) 11°

    (b) 13°

    (c) 15°

    (d) 17°

    37. If for ΔABC and ΔDEF, the correspondence CAB ↔ EDF gives a congruence, then which of the following is not true?

    (a) AC = DE

    (b) AB = EF

    (c) ∠A = ∠D

    (d) ∠B = ∠F

    38. 40% of (100 – 20% of 300) is equal to

    (a) 16

    (b) 20

    (c) 64

    (d) 140

    39. HCF of two numbers is 28 and their LCM is 336. If one number is 112, then the other number is

    (a) 56

    (b) 70

    (c) 84

    (d) 98

    40. If (2/3)x = 0.6 and 0.02 y = 1, then the value of x + y-1 is

    (a) 0.92

    (b) 1.1

    (c) 49.1

    (d) 50.9

    41. If y = (x – 2)/(x + 1), y ≠ 1, then x equals

    (a) (y + 2)/(1 – y)

    (b) (y + 2)/(y – 1)

    (c) (y – 2)/(y + 1)

    (d) (2 – y)/(1 – y)

    42. A square and a circle have equal perimeters. The ratio of the area of the square to the area of the circle is

    (a) 1: 1

    (b) 1: 4

    (c)  π : 2

    (d) π : 4

    43. ABCD is a square with AB = (x + 16) cm and BC = (3x) cm. The perimeter (in cm) of the square is

    (a) 16

    (b) 24

    (c) 32

    (d) 96

    44. The mean of 10 numbers is 0. If 72 and –12 are included in these numbers, the new mean will be

    (a) 0

    (b) 6

    (c) 5

    (d) 60

    45. The circumference of the base of a right circular cylinder is 44 cm and its height is 15 cm. The volume (in cm3) of the cylinder is (use π = 22/7)

    46. A class VII teachet wants to discuss the following problem in the class: “A square is divided into four congruent rectangles. The perimeter of each rectangle is 40 units. What is the perimeter of given square ?” Key Mathematical concepts required to solve this problem is

    (a) Area of square and rectangle, perimeter of square and rectangle and definition of square and rectangle

    (b) Meaning of the terms square, rectangle, congruent, perimeter, etc.

    (c) Area of rectangle, perimeter of square

    (d) Formation of algebraic equation to solve the problem.

    47. Algebra is introduced in the middle classes. According to Piagets’ theory of cognitive development, it is appropriate to introduce algebra at this stage as

    (a) the child is at sensorimotor stage and can understand with the help of lots of manipulatives.

    (b) the child is at pre-operational stage and can understand abstract concepts.

     (c) the child is at concrete-operational stage and he can understand and conceptualize concrete experiences by creating logical structure.

    (d) the child is at formal operational stage and is fully mature to grasp the abstract concepts.

    48. Mr. Sharma was assessing the students’ work on exponents. One of the response sheet was as follows:

    1. 23 × 25 = 28

    2. 32 × 42 = (12)4

    3. 33 ÷ 35 = 3-2

    4. 720 ÷ 714 = 76

    5. 93 ÷ 186 = (1/2)3

    On the basis of this response sheet Mr. Sharma can make the following observations:

    (a) Child has understood the laws of exponents and can apply them well.

    (b) Child has understood the laws of exponents but has made clerical errors.

    (c) Child has understood the laws of exponents but has not practised the questions involving division of two numbers.

    (d) Child has understood the law of exponents for the cases where the base is same and has missed the concept for the case where the base is different.

    49. According to Van Hiele level of Geometric thought the five levels of geometric understanding are visualization, analysis, informal deduction, formal deduction and rigour. Students of class VII are asked to classify the quadrilaterals according to their properties. These students are at ________ level of Van Hiele Geometrical thought.

    (a) Visualization

    (b) Analysis

    (c) Informal Deduction

    (d) Formal Deduction

    50. A task assigned to the class VIII student is as follows: An open box is to be made out of a metallic sheet of 50 cm × 65 cm. Length and breadth of the box is 30 cm and 15 cm respectively. What is the possible height of the box? Also find the volume of this box. This task refer to

    (a) lower level cognitive demand as it requires the knowledge of formulae of volume of cuboid.

    (b) lower level of cognitive demand as there is no connection between concepts involved and procedure required.

    (c) higher level of cognitive demand as the problem can be solved by making diagrams and connections between many possible situations.

    (d) higher level of cognitive demand as it requires the use of conceptual understanding that underline the procedure to complete the task.

    51. Mr. Nadeem gave the following task to his class, after completing the topic on lines and angles: Speak for 2 minutes on the following figures using your knowledge about lines and angles:

    CTET 2013 Question Paper (II) with Answers: July - Q.51

    This task is

    (a) Reflective in nature, can be used to pass time.

    (b) Exploratory in nature, can be used for summative assessments.

    (c) Reflective as well can be used for formative assessment.

    (d) Communicating and can encourage Mathematical Talk in the classroom during free time.

    52. A child of class VII defined the rectangle as follows: “Rectangle is a quadrilateral whose opposite sides are parallel and equal.” The definition reflects that the child

    (a) cannot recognize the shape.

    (b) do not know the correct properties of the shape.

    (c) knows the properties of the shape, but repeated some properties in definition.

    (d) knows some properties, but missed some important to complete the definition.

    53. A very common error observed in addition of linear expression is 5y + 3 = 8y. This type of error is termed as

    (a) Clerical error

    (b) Conceptual error

    (c) Procedural error

    (d) Careless error

    54. Read the following question from the class VI text-book: “Prabal deposited Rs. 5,000 in a bank at the rate of 5% interest per annum. After 2 years he withdrew the money to purchase the study table for Rs. 3,500. He deposited the money left with him again at the rate of 5% interest per annum for another two years. How much amount will he receive after two years?”

    What values can be inculcated in students through this question?

    (a) Honesty

    (b) Habit of saving money and spending it wisely

    (c) Sincerity

    (d) Simplicity and helping others

    55. Following is a problem from text-book of class VI:

    “Express the following statement through linear expression: Neha has 7 more toffees than Megha. If Megha has x toffees, how many toffees does Neha have?”

    Which competence of Bloom’s cognitive domain is referred in the above question?

    (a) Knowledge

    (b) Comprehension

    (c) Analysis

    (d) Synthesis

    56. If p = 32000 + 3-2000 and q = 32000 – 3-2000 , then the value of p2 - q2 is

    (a) 1

    (b) 2

    (c) 3

    (d) 4

    57. The square of 9 is divided by the cube root of 125. The remainder is

    (a) 1

    (b) 2

    (c) 3

    (d) 4

    58. The value of √16√8√4 is

    (a) 16

    (b) 8

    (c) 8 3√2

    (d) 16√2

    59. One-half of 1.2 × 1030 is

    (a) 6.0 × 1030

    (b) 6.0 × 1029

    (c) 0.6 × 530

    (d) 1.2 × 1015

    60. If 2/3, 23/30, 9/10, 11/15 and 4/5 are written in ascending order, then the fraction in the middle most will be

    (a) 23/30

    (b) 4/5

    (c) 2/3

    (d) 11/15

    61. The steps required for the conversion of kitchen garbage into manure are given below in a jumbled form.

    (A) Put the garbage in the pit.

    (B) Cover the bottom of the pit with sand.

    (C) Cover the pit loosely with grass or a gunny bag.

    (D) Add worms.

    The correct sequence of these steps is:

    (a) (B), (A), (C), (D)

    (b) (B), (C), (A), (D)

    (c) (B), (A), (D), (C)

    (d) (B), (D), (A), (C)

    62. Two organisms are best friends and live together. One provides shelter, water and nutrients while the other prepares and provides food. Such an association of organisms is termed as

    (a) Autotrophy

    (b) Parasitism

    (c) Heterotrophy

    (d) Symbiosis

    63. In the alimentary canal the swallowed food moves downwards because of

    (a) the contraction of muscles in the wall of food pipe.

    (b) the flow of fluid material taken with the food.

    (c) gravitational pull.

    (d) force provided by the muscular tongue.

    64. Frogs and earthworms breathe through their skin because of which the skin of both the organisms is

    (a) dry and rough

    (b) dry and slimy

    (c) moist and rough

    (d) moist and slimy

    65. While going for a picnic a student noted the reading on the odometer on the bus after every 10 minutes till the end of the journey. Later on he recorded the reading in a table shown below:

    Time (AM)

    Odometer reading (km)

    08:00

    78752

    08:10

    78758

    08:20

    78768

    08:30

    78780

    08:40

    78791

    08:50

    78800

    09:00

    78806

    The average speed of the bus in the entire journey in metres per second was

    (a) 15

    (b) 18

    (c) 30

    (d) 54

    66. You are provided with a concave mirror, a concave lens, a convex mirror and a convex lens. To obtain an enlarged image of an object you can use either

    (a) concave lens or convex lens

    (b) concave mirror or convex mirror

    (c) concave mirror or concave lens

    (d) concave mirror or convex lens

    67. Select from the following a set of Kharif Crops:

    (a) Cotton, paddy, pea, linseed

    (b) Paddy, maize, cotton, soyabean

    (c) Gram, mustard, groundnut, wheat

    (d) Maize, paddy, linseed, soyabean

    68. Study the following statements about the effects of weeds on tbe crop plants:

    (A) They help crop plants to grow healthily.

    (B) They interfere in harvesting.

    (C) They affect plant growth.

    (D) They compete with crop plants for water, nutrients, space and light.

    The correct statements are:

    (a) (C) and (D) only

    (b) (D) only

    (c) (B), (C) and (D)

    (d) (A), (B) and (D)

    69. When we add aluminium foil to freshly prepared sodium hydroxide solution a gas is produced. Which of the following correctly states the property of this gas?

    (a) Colourless and odourless gas which extinguishes a burning match stick.

    (b) Colourless and odourless gas which promotes burning of a candle.

    (c) Brown coloured pungent smelling gas.

     (d) Colourless and odourless gas which produces a 'pop' sound when a burning match stick is brought near it.

    70. Aqueous solution of which of the following oxides will change the colour of blue litmus to red?

    (a) Copper oxide

    (b) Iron oxide

    (c) Magnesium oxide

    (d) Sulphur dioxide

    71. Which of the following is a pair of exhaustible natural resources?

    (a) Coal and soil

    (b) Petroleum and water

    (c) Minerals and wildlife

    (d) Natural gas and sun-light

    72. Which of the following statements is true about endemic species?

    (a) They are not affected by the destruction of their habitat.

    (b) They are found only in zoos and botanical gardens.

    (c) They are found exclusivety in specific habitat.

    (d) Endemic species can never become endangered.

    73. Which of the following pairs is related to the inheritance of characters?

    (a) Chromosomes and genes

    (b) Chromosomes and mitochondria

    (c) Cell membrane and cell wall

    (d) Cell membrane and chloroplast

    74. Out of the different combinations of terms given below, the correct combination of terms with reference to an animal cell is

    (a) Nucleus, plastid, cell membrane, cell wall

    (b) Nucleus, chromosome, ribosome, cell wall

    (c) Cell membrane, chromosome, ribosome, mitochondria

    (d) Cell membrane, ribosome, chloroplast, mitochondria

    75. Consider the following sets of reproductive terms

    (A) Sperm, oviduct, egg, uterus

    (B) Ovulation, egg, oviduct, uterus

    (C) Sperm, testis, spermduct, penis

    (D) Menstruation, egg, oviduct, uterus·

    The sets of correct combination are:

    (a) (A), (B) and (C)

    (b) (B), (C) and (D)

    (c) (C), (D) and (A)

    (d) (A), (B) and (D)

    76. Which of the following elements must be available in water for the metamorphosis of tadpoles?

    (a) Chlorine

    (b) Bromine

    (c) Sulphur

    (d) Iodine

    77. Which one of the following is not the objective of teaching of Science at upper primary stage?

    (a) Developing questioning and enquiring skills

    (b) Acquiring technological skills

    (c) Acquiring process skills

    (d) Acquiring scientific literacy

    78. National Curriculum Framework (NCF) strongly recommends that Science education at upper primary stage should

    (a) prepare students for competitive examinations.

    (b) help students to be emotionally balanced.

    (c) help students to acquire computational skills.

    (d) follow constructivistic approach for teaching and learning of the subject.

    79. ‘Cognitive validity’ of Science curriculum at uppper primary stage requires that it should

    (a) be age appropriate and within the reach of students’ understanding level.

    (b) convey scientifically correct content.

    (c) nurture the natural curiosity and creativity of the learners.

    (d) enable the students to appreciate how the concepts of Science evolve with time.

    80. Which one of the following does not reflect the personality attribute of a person having scientific temper?

    (a) Seeking evidence

    (b) Biased opinion

    (c) Rational thinking

    (d) Openmindedness

    81. NCERT Science textbooks for upper primary classes include large number of daily life related questions which have been left unanswered. This has been done so that

    (a) teachers have a good pool of questions for assessment purpose.

    (b) students can send these questions to scientists to get the answer.

    (c) teachers can use these questions for home assignment.

    (d) students can seek answer to these questions by exploring different resources.

    82. While teaching the correct method of reading a clinical thermometer to class VIII students, Neha mentions the following necessary precautions to be taken:

    (a) Thermometer should be washed with hot water before and after use.

    (b) Do not hold the thermometer by the bulb while taking the reading.

    (c) Ensure that before use, the mercury level in the thermometer is below 35 °C.

    (d) Read the thermometer keeping the level of mercury along the line of sight.

    Which one of the above precautions has been mentioned wrongly by the teacher?

     83. The section on ‘activities and projects’ included in the exercises of NCERT Science textbooks for class VIII primarily aims at

    (a) enhancing indepth understanding of the basic concepts.

    (b) keeping the students engaged during vacations.

    (c) assessing the students on practical skills.

    (d) providing opportunity to students for extended learning.

    84. Major objective of organisation of Science Exhibitions is to

    (a) grade students on practical skills.

    (b) provide opportunity to students to compete with others.

    (c) provide opportunity to students to showcase their creative ideas.

    (d) provide opportunity to students to enhance their academic performance.

    85. Four candidates appearing in an interview for the post of science teacher were asked to give a demonstration lesson to class VIII students on the topic ‘Pressure exerted by liquids and gases’. Following different approaches were followed by different candidates:

    (a) Detailed explanation of related concepts with the help of diagram on the blackboard.

    (b) Use of charts for explanation of different concepts.

    (c) Organisation of hands-on student activities followed up with discussions.

    (d) Greater focus on classroom questions during the lecture.

    Which one of the above approaches will be most effective for teaching of the topic?

    86. The technique of ‘classroom questioning’ in teaching of Science can be more effectively used for

    (a) ensuring levels of learning

    (b) developing problem solving skills

    (c) maintaining discipline in the class

    (d) promoting creativity and innovativeness

    87. Given below are the steps to test the presence of proteins in a food item. These steps are not in correct sequence.

    (A) Take a small quantity of food item in a test tube, add 10 drops of water to it and shake it.

    (B) Make the paste or powder of the food to be tested.

    (C) Add 10 drops of caustic soda solution to the test tube and shake well.

    (D) Add 2 drops of copper sulphate to it.

    The correct sequence of these steps is

    (a) (A), (B), (D), (C)

    (b) (B), (A), (D), (C)

    (c) (B), (A), (C), (D)

    (d) (D), (B), (A), (C)

    88. Which of the following terms constitute the female part of a flower?

    (a) Stigma, ovary and stamen

    (b) Stigma, ovary and style

    (c) Stamen, ovary and style

    (d) Stamen, petals and sepals

    89. How many muscles work together to move a bone?

    (a) Two

    (b) Four

    (c) Six

    (d) Number is not fixed.

    90. Choose the set that represents only the biotic component of a habitat.

    (a) Sand, turtle, crab, rocks

    (b) Insects, frog, fish, aquatic plants

    (c) Tiger, deer, grass, soil

    (d) Insects, water, aquatic plants, fish

    Social Studies / Social Science

    31. According to Arthashastra, during Mauryan period North-West was important for

    (a) Cotton

    (b) Gold and precious stones

    (c) Silver and copper

    (d) Blanket

    32. Amphorae was a

    (a) coin of Italy

    (b) red glazed pottery

    (c) tall double handled jar

    (d) perforated pot

    33. Pepper was as valued in Roman Empire that as it was called

    (a) Black magic

    (b) Black charm

    (c) Black stone

    (d) Black gold

    34. Persian wheel, spinning wheel and firearms were invented during

    (a) Pre-historic period

    (b) Ancient period (c) Medieval period

    (d) Modern period

    35. A Sanskrit Prashasti has been found in praise of which of the following Delhi Sultans?

    (a) Iltutmish

    (b) Balban

    (c) Alauddin Khalji

    (d) Firoz Tughlaq

    36. Hiranya-garbha ritual was performed

    (a) when a king won a territory.

    (b) to declare the king as Kshatriya even if he was not one by birth.

    (c) before hunting a deer.

    (d) for the birth of male child.

    37. During the Chola period associations of traders were known as

    (a) Gramm

    (b) Shrenis

    (c) Nagaram

    (d) Sabha

    38. Nath literature is associated with

    (a) Bengali

    (b) Assamese

    (c) Odiya

    (d) Maithili

    39. Khan Abdul Gaffer Khan started a powerful non-violent movement in North-West Frontier Province, known as

    (a) Ram-Rahim Movement

    (b) Khilafat Movement

    (c) Khudai-Khidmatgar Movement

    (d) Pakhtun Movement

    40. After the Congress Resolution (1929) to fight for Puma-Swaraj, 'Independence Day' was observed on

    (a) 15 August 1930

    (b) 26 January 1930

    (c) 1 January 1930

    (d) 2 October 1930

    41. Big Bear is an example of

    (a) Milky way

    (b) Constellation

    (c) Star

    (d) Galaxy

    42. Only one side of I the moon is visible from the earth because

    (a) other side of the moon is towards the earth only during the day time

    (b) other side of the moon is towards the earth only on the New Moon (Amavashya).

    (c) time taken by the moon to move around the earth and to complete one spin is same.

    (d) it takes the moon one light year to complete one spin.

    43. The earth moves on its axis

    (a) from West to East

    (b) from North to South

    (c) from East to West

    (d) from South to North

    44. As we move from Eastern Hemisphere to Western Hemisphere the size of longitudes

    (a) increases

    (b) decreases

    (c) remains same

    (d) first increases then decreases

    45. The Earth Day is

    (a) The time during which the sun shines on a specific place on the earth.

    (b) The measure of standard time at Greenwich.

    (c) Period of rotation of the earth around its axis.

    (d) Period of revolution of the earth around the sun.

    46. On equinox, direct rays of the sun fall on

    (a) Tropic of Cancer

    (b) Equator

    (c) Tropic of Capticom

    (d) Arctic Circle

    47. There are many harbours and ports in Atlantic Ocean because

    (a) There is large volume of sea trade between the U.S.A. and Europe.

    (b) Fishery industry is flourishing in the Atlantic Ocean.

    (c) The coastline of the Atlantic Ocean is highly indented.

    (d) The coastline of the Atlantic Ocean is very shallow.

    48. Which is the world's longest mountain range?

    (a) The Himalayas

    (b) The Rocky

    (c) The Andes

    (d) The Alps

    49. In India Tropical Rain Forests are found in

    (a) Madhya Pradesh

    (b) Himachal Pradesh

    (c) Andaman & Nicobar Islands

    (d) Rajasthan 

    50. During the retreating monsoon period, the moisture laden winds blow from

    (a) Valley to plains

    (b) Land to sea

    (c) Sea to land

    (d) Plateau to plains

    51. Which of the following is called 'lungs' of the earth?

    (a) Tropical evergreen forest of Brazil.

    (b) Tropical deciduous forest of Central America.

    (c) Temperate evergreen forest of China.

    (d) Temperate deciduous forest of Chile.

    52. Which is the largest river basin in the world?

    (a) Ganga river basin

    (b) Nile river basin

    (c) Mississippi river basin

    (d) Amazon river basin

    53. What is `Maloca'?

    (a) A tribe

    (b) A house type

    (c) A wild animal

    (d) A resident of Malacca

    54. Using resources carefully and giving them time to get renewed is called

    (a) Resource conservation

    (b) Sustainable development

    (c) Resource management

    (d) Development management

    55. Shelter belt is a method of

    (a) water conservation

    (b) soil formation

    (c) plantation

    (d) soil conservation

    56. Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh is a

    (a) Palaeolithic site

    (b) Neolithic site

    (c) Megalithic site

    (d) Mesolithic site

    57. Which of the three Gods were especially important in the Rigvedic period?

    (a) Rudra, Vishnu and Indra

    (b) Agni, Indra and Soma

    (c) Indra, Varun and Rudra

    (d) Agni, Indra and Vishnu

    58. Sanskrit is considered to be a part of the family of languages known as

    (a) Indo-Aryan

    (b) Indo-Greek

    (c) Indo-European

    (d) Indo-Arabian

    59. At which place it was a general practice to lay the dead with head towards North?

    (a) Inamgaon

    (b) Burzahom

    (c) Mehargarh

    (d) Bhimbetka

    60. The Buddha described the thirst of desires and cravings as

    (a) Pipasa

    (b) Trishna

    (c) Tanha

    (d) Teevra Ichcha (Strong desire)

    61. Branding of product.

    (a) makes it more saleable.

    (b) differentiates it from other products in the market.

    (c) makes it more attractive for customer.

    (d) gives customer rebate on MRP.

    62. Which part of the Indian Constitution is often referred to as the 'Conscience' of the Constitution?

    (a) The part dealing with the Directive Principles.

    (b) The part dealing with the Fundamental Rights.

    (c) The part dealing with the reservation policy for SCs, STs and OBCs.

    (d) The Preamble of the Constitution.

    63. How many members can be nominated to the Lok Sabha?

     (a) None

    (b) Two

    (c) Four

    (d) Twelve

    64. A judge gives decision on a case

    (a) on the basis of argument

    (b) on the basis of fee paid

    (c) on the basis of evidence

    (d) on the basis of police inquiry

    65. Which of the following cult bas distinctive tribal influence?

    (a) Cult of Venkateshwara

    (b) Cult of Jagannath

    (c) Cult of Vishwanath

    (d) Cult of Amamath

    66. Diseases like diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera can be prevented through

    (a) education of health and hygiene

    (b) better health care facilities

    (c) providing safe drinking water

    (d) providing cheap medicines

    67. More often discussions on government and its functioning lead to extreme views, therefore teacher should

    (a) avoid any debate or discussion on it.

    (b) criticise the way government functions.

    (c) argue for judicial activism

    (d) organise more objective interactions as compared to did active views.

    68. The views of social scientists vary the most on which of the following agents regarding their impact on the behaviour and attitudes of children and adolescents?

    (a) Family

    (b) School

    (c) Television

    (d) Peer

    69. Which of the following is the most appropriate way to increase the time spent on academic activities by the students in a Social Science class?

    (a) Assigning homework three times a week.

    (b) Assigning individual projects on new topics before discussing the topic in class.

    (c) Incorporating lots of new material in a lecture to be delivered to sustain interest.

    (d) Proper lesson planning and abiding by the time schedule for every activity

    70. A student was interested in studying problems faced by Indian soldiers during the Kargil War. She interviews several soldiers who took part in the Kargil War. These soldiers can be considered

    (a) Secondary sources

    (b) Primary sources

    (c) Actual narrators

    (d) Internal sources

    71. A teacher wants to give a case study to students of class-VII. Which of the following topics would be most appropriate?

    (a) Earthquake

    (b) Major crops of India

    (c) Minerals found in India

    (d) Structure of the earth

    72. Valuing observable facts over individual preferences .in deriving deduction is called

    (a) Reasoning

    (b) Free association

    (c) Egocentrism

    (d) Social brainstorming

    73. To show land use in different countries of the world, which of the following would be a suitable teaching aid?

    (a) Flow chart

    (b) Comparative chart

    (c) Timeline chart

    (d) Venn diagram

    74. A teacher writes instructional objective for his/her lesson plan as 'Students will be able to give reasons for the downfall of Mauryan Dynasty'. This objective will come under

    (a) Knowledge

    (b) Understanding

    (c) Application

    (d) Synthesis

    75. All of the following are characteristics of creative thinking except :

    (a) Ability to always produce right answers to problems posed

    (b) Synthesise from a variety of sources

    (c) Flexible and imaginative way to approach a problem

    (d) Purposeful, reflective judgement

    76. During Social Science class, students begin to discuss whether a mobile tower should be allowed to install in the proximity of their school or not. A student says that the radiations from the tower would make students sick. Another student says, I heard this on the news that mobile towers do not make people sick. As a teacher you would

    (a) Encourage students to organise a dharna (protest) outside the office of local administration.

    (b) Motivate students to collect evidences that will help them assess the situation objectively.

    (c) Organise a structured debate on this topic in the class.

    (d) Organise an election to know the support in favour and against.

    77. At the upper primary stage, according to NCF-2005, the content of Social Studies will draw its content from which of the following subjects?

    (a) History, Civics and Geography

    (b) History, Geography, Political Science and Economics

    (c) Environmental Science, History, Civics and Geography

    (d) Disaster Management, History, Political Science and Values Education

    78. For which of the following a time-line would be best suited for?

    (a) To give summary of a dynasty

    (b) To explain achievements of a ruler.

    (c) To compare two dynasties.

    (d) To teach ancient history

    79. Locating a place on the map is associated with

    (a) Knowledge

    (b) Comprehension

    (c) Application

    (d) Skill

    80. Children have little exposure to laws, therefore, while discussing laws, it is important that teacher should

    (a) explain all the aspects of laws very clearly.

    (b) give as many examples from familiar context.

    (c) discuss about juvenile laws only.

    (d) create fear regarding laws.

    81. A Social Science teacher must employ which of the following methods for being effective?

    (a) Increase engagement of students by thought provoking and interesting activities.

    (b) Increase the knowledge of students by taking tests on every Monday.

    (c) Award grades in a lax manner to boost the confidence of slow learners.

    (d) Assign projects to be done at home so as to involve parents in the studies of the it ward.

    82. In a discussion on Constitution, it is important that it is discussed in historical context so that students become aware that :

    (a) democracy has its roots in India.

    (b) republics flourished in ancient India.

    (c) anti-colonial struggle had its major influence.

    (d) Indian Constitution is the oldest in the world.

    83. Outcome oriented student learning model in Social Science will focus primarily on which of the following?

    (a) Group activities, excursions and summative assessments

    (b) Complete coverage of course, information centred teaching and summative assessments

    (c) Learning objectives, learning activities, formative and summative assessments

    (d) Aims of education, new teaching method, board exam

    84. The content of Social Science should aim at

    (a) making students familiar with happenings in the world around.

    (b) raising students awareness through critically exploring and questioning of familiar social reality

    (c) inculcating nationalism in students.

    (d) imparting knowledge about developed countries.

    85. In a pluralistic society like ours, it is important that textbooks should be such that

    (a) they reflect government views to make children a good citizen.

    (b) controversial issues are avoided.

    (c) all regions and social groups be able to relate to them.

    (d) different textbooks are available for different regions.

    86. According to NCF 2005, the aim of education in Social Science should be enable student to

    (a) Criticise political decisions

    (b) Analyse socio-political reality

    (c) Retention of information on socio-political situation in the country

    (d) Present knowledge about socio political principles in a lucid and concise way so that students remember them easily

    87. The Civil Rights Movement was started  U.S.A to

    (a) demand for fundamental fights for African-Americans.

    (b) demand for equal fights and end to racial discrimination.

    (c) demand for voting rights for women.

    (d) demand for social security for old.

    88. How a Chief Minister is chosen?

    (a) By the President of the party which has got majority in the election.

    (b) By the MLA's of the party which has got majority in the election.

    (c) By the President of India on the advice of the Prime Minister.

    (d) By the President of India on the recommendation of the Governor.

    89. Which of the following shows gender stereotyping?

    (a) Girls are more talented than boys.

    (b) Girls can do only household works.

    (c) Girls can do all type of works which a boy can do.

    (d) Girls should get equal opportunity as boys

    90. In a democracy the media plays a very important role in

    (a) providing news and discussing events taking place in the country and the world.

    (b) advertising goods so that people can buy goods of their choice.

    (c) telecasting cricket events so that people can watch sitting at home.

    (d) providing many types of entertainment materials.

    Language-I: English

    Directions: Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow (Q. Nos. 91 to 99) by selecting the most appropriate option:

    Renowned educationalist Sir Tim Brighouse, observed that an outstanding school has four factors that are visible. “Teachers talk about teaching, teachers observe each other’s practice, teachers plan, organize and evaluate their work together rather than separately, and that teachers teach each other.”

    He continues: “One of the reasons I like that is that you can immediately see ways in which you could make it more likely that teachers talk about teaching.”

    Sir Tim then encouraged schools to focus on activities that were low effort but high impact, describing them as “butterflies”. Some examples he gave included rotating staff meetings around different classrooms with the host, at the start, describing the room layout and displays, or discussing other teaching techniques and approaches. With modern technology teachers could observe their own lessons and then when viewing them back, decide whether they want to share them with a mentor.

    The role of mentoring was vital and suggested that more schools could send teachers out in small groups to learn from colleagues in other schools.

    He said: “If this were widespread practice, if people were to attend to their butterflies, the outcome in terms of teacher morale and teacher satisfaction would be positive. We all agree that professional development is the vital ingredient”.

    91. In the mode suggested by Sir Tim, teachers may self-evaluate and self-reflect

    (a) using technology

    (b) without technology

    (c) through a students’ survey

    (d) interviewing each other

    92. ‘Teachers talk about teaching’ means that they

    (a) make some suggestions

    (b) discuss their own practices

    (c) criticize one another

    (d) freely change opinions

    93. ‘Low effort but high impact’ in this context implies that schools

    (a) pay teachers a lower salary

    (b) extract more work for the same pay

    (c) decrease the work load and salary

    (d) create opportunities within the system for development

    94. In this extract, it is observed that technology supports teachers to

    (a) improve students

    (b) conduct meetings for teachers

    (c) follow-up/remediation activities for students.

    (d) self-diagnose their practices

    95. Here, ‘visible’ means

    (a) seen

    (b) obvious

    (c) appealing

    (d) bright

    96. ‘Rotating staff. meetings in the classrooms’ permits teachers to

    (a) be informal with each other

    (b) miss some of them

    (c) share their own practices with others

    (d) keep busy all the time

    97. A synonym for the word, ‘counselling’, from the passage is

    (a) describing

    (b) mentoring

    (c) discussing

    (d) teaching

    98. The talk by Sir Tim is about the

    (a) teachers who dress like butterflies.

    (b) visiting schools to socialise.

    (c) knowledge teachers gain for job growth.

    (d) schools who control their teachers.

    99. “Butterflies” here refer to

    (a) the dress code

    (b) a practice of staff interaction

    (c) changing schools

    (d) going to classes in rotation

    Directions: Read the given poem and answer the questions that follow (Q. Nos. 100 to 105) by selecting the most appropriate option:

    As I Watch You Grow

    Do you know how much you mean to me·?

    As you grow into what you will be.

    You came from within, from just beneath my heart

    It’s there you’ll always be though your own life will now start.

    You’re growing so fast it sends me a whirl,

    With misty eyes I ask, Where’s my little girl?

    I know sometimes to you I seem harsh and so unfair,

    But one day you will see, I taught you well because I care.

    The next few years will so quickly fly,

    With laughter and joy, mixed with a few tears to cry.

    As you begin your growth to womanhood, this fact you must know,

    You’ll always be my source of pride, no matter where you go.

    You must stand up tall and proud, within you feel no fear,.

    For all you dreams and goals, sit before you very near.

    With God’s love in your heart and the world by its tail,

    You’ll always be my winner, and victory will prevail.

    For you this poem was written, with help from above,

    To tell you in a rhythm of your Mother’s heartfelt love!

    100. Do you know how much you mean to me? is a ________ question.

    (a) rhetorical

    (b) restrictive

    (c) convergent

    (d) divergent

    101. An antonym for the word ‘harsh’ is

    (a) severe

    (b) mild

    (c) grim

    (d) clashing

    102. In the expression ‘It sends me a whirl’, ‘it’ refers

    (a) travelling far

    (b) growing up

    (c) new experiences

    (d) the real world

    103. To ‘stand up tall’ is

    (a) growing up healthy

    (b) be tall like the boys

    (c) being fearless

    (d) getting ambitious

    104. The phrase ‘the world by its tail’ means to

    (a) be a good follower

    (b) overcome challenges

    (c) face one’s enemies

    (d) to avoid challenges

    105. The poem addresses a

    (a) friend

    (b) daughter

    (c) mother

    (d) girl

    Directions: Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option:

    106. A person sitting behind you in a cinema starts talking on the mobile phone and you want to tell him/her to stop.

    Choose how you will make the request.

    (a) “Stop talking so loudly !”

    (b) “Please don’t use the mobile phone inside the theatre.”

    (c) “Can’t you not use the mobile phone please ?”

    (d) “Could you possibly stop using the mobile phone here?”

    107. Exemplar for homonym would be

    (a) aisle/isle

    (b) beer/bear

    (c) stale/stall

    (d) stock/stoke

    108. Which is a lexical word?

    (a) love

    (b) is

    (c) the

    (d) might

    109. While learning about the passive voice form, students learn about

    (a) use of ‘by’

    (b) position of verbs

    (c) position of nouns

    (d) use of verb form

    110.

    Students can leave the school premises at 12.30 pm.

    Students ought to leave the school premises at 12.30 pm.

    The two given statements can be differentiated by drawing students’ attention to the

    (a) differences in the arrangement of words

    (b) meaning conveyed by the modals/verb modifiers

    (c) the roles of the subject and object in both sentences

    (d) absence of change in the verb form

    111. Which learning domain constitutes higher order thinking?

    (a) remembering

    (b) understanding

    (c) application

    (d) evaluation

    112. The process of word formation consists of

    (a) compounding and affixes

    (b) opposites and meaning

    (c) verbs and nouns

    (d) using synonyms or euphemisms

    113. When reading, to ‘decode’ means to

    (a) an action used in ICT

    (b) solving a complex puzzle

    (c) to analyse and understand

    (d) understanding a foreign language

    114. Speaker 1: We had an enjoyable holiday this winter.

    Speaker 2: Where did you go?

    Speaker 1: Where?

    Speaker 2: Yes, which place did you visit?

    During the assessment of students’ speaking-listening skills, mark/s would be deducted during this exchange for

    (a) Speaker 1

    (b) Speaker 2

    (c) Both

    (d) Neither

    115. While writing, ‘ellipses’ is a

    (a) phrasal verbs

    (b) semantic linker

    (c) adjectival form

    (d) prepositional phrase

    116. If a longer piece of writing is brief, complete, in the third person, without digressions and emotional overtones and logically arranged, it is a

    (a) classified advertisement

    (b) memorandum

    (c) report

    (d) newspaper article

    117. The politician had been making promises long before election time. The statement is in the ______ tense.

    (a) past continuous

    (b) present perfect

    (c) present perfect continuous

    (d) past perfect continuous

    118. ‘Gender sensitization’ in the school curriculum implies

    (a) children should be differentiated as boys and girls

    (b) sex education from primary school onwards

    (c) respectful approach towards defining gender roles

    (d) promote co-education in high school.

    119. Identify where the collective form is an error: A

    (a) host of angels

    (b) congress of baboons

    (c) clutch of ducks

    (d) shoal of fish

    120. An exemplar of a question to ‘funnel’ or restrict a respondent’s answer is

    (a) “What do you think of the weather?”

    (b) “How many books are there?”

    (c) “Tell me about your most recent holiday.”

    (d) “What are your goals?”

    Language II - हिन्दी

    निर्देश : नीचे दिए गए गद्यांश को पढ़कर सबसे उचित विकल्प का चयन कीजिए :

    जिनमें सहिष्णुता की भावना होती है, केवल ऐसे लोग अध्यापक होने योग्य होते हैं। जिनका बच्चों से प्यार भरा लगाव होता है, उनमें धैर्य स्वभावत: आ जाता है। अध्यापकों को जिस अंतर्निहित गंभीर समस्या से जूझना पड़ता है, वह यह है कि उन्हें जिनको देखना है वे शक्ति और प्रभुत्ता में उनकी बराबरी के नहीं होते। अध्यापक के लिए एकदम तुच्छ या बिना किसी कारण के या फिर वास्तविकता के बजाए किसी काल्पनिक कारण के चलते अपने छात्रों के सामने धैर्य खो देना, उनकी खिल्ली उडाना, उन्हें अपमानित या दंडित करना एकदम आसान और संभव है। जो एक निर्बल अधीन राष्ट्र पर शासन करते हैं, उनमें न चाहते हुए भी गलत काम करने की प्रवृत्ति पाई जाती है।

    उसी तरह ऐसे अध्यापक होते हैं जो बच्चों के ऊपर अपने प्रभुत्व का शिकार हो जाते हैं। जो शासन के अयोग्य होते हैं, उन्हें न केवल कमजोर लोग पर अन्याय करते हुए कोई अपराध-बोध नहीं होता, बल्कि ऐसा करने में उन्हें एक खास तरह का मजा मिलता है। बच्चे अपनी माँ की गोद में कमजोर, असहाय और अज्ञानी होते हैं। माता के हृदय में स्थिर प्रचुर प्यार ही उनकी रक्षा की एकमात्र गारंटी होता है। इसके बावजूद हमारे घरों में इस बात के उदाहरण कम नहीं कि कैसे हमारे स्वाभाविक प्यार पर धीरज का अभाव और उद्धत प्राधिकार विजय प्राप्त कर लेते हैं और बच्चों को अनुचित कारणों से दंडित होना पड़ता है।

    121. किस तरह के लोग कमजोर लोगों पर अन्याय करते है?

    (a) जो निर्बल होते हैं।

    (b) जो अध्यापक होते हैं।

    (c) जिनमें शासन करने की योग्यता नहीं होती।

    (d) जो दण्ड देने में कुशल हैं।

    122. इस गद्यांश का मुख्य भाव यह है कि

    (a) अध्यापक में धैर्य, ममत्व, सहिष्णुता और तार्किकता होनी चाहिए।

    (b) अध्यापक को सदा निर्लिप्त भाव से पेश आना चाहिए।

    (c) केवल उचित कारणों पर ही अध्यापक बच्चों को अवश्य दंड

    (d) अध्यापक में अपराध-बोध होना चाहिए।

    123. बच्चे अपनी माँ की गोद में ही स्वयं को सुरक्षित समझते हैं, क्योंकि

    (a) माँ सदैव उनकी गलतियाँ माफ करती रहती है।

    (b) केवल माँ ही उनका लालन-पालन करती रहती है।

    (c) माँ के पास सुरक्षा की शक्ति परिपूर्ण है।

    (d) माँ के हृदय में स्नेह होता है।

    124. कौन-सा शब्द-समूह शेष शब्द-समूहों से भिन्न है?

    (a) अयोग्य, अज्ञानी, अभाव

    (b) अन्याय, अपराध, अपमानित

    (c) अभाव, अपमानित, अधीन

    (d) असहाय, अपराध, अनुचित

    125. 'इत' प्रत्यय से बनने वाला शब्द है।

    (a) नीत

    (b) दंडित

    (c) अनुचित

    (d) कृत

    126. अध्यापक के लिए उचित विशेषण शब्द है।

    (a) धैर्य

    (b) सहिष्णु

    (c) ज्ञान

    (d) योग्यता

    127. लेखक के अनुसार अध्यापक बनने योग्य वही होते हैं जो

    (a) अत्यंत ज्ञानवान् होते हैं।

    (b) उच्च डिग्री प्राप्त होते हैं।

    (c) धैयवान् होते हैं।

    (d) बच्चों से बहुत ज्यादा शक्तिशाली होते हैं।

    128. विद्यालयों में बच्चों को बिना किसी कारण दंडित करना

    (a) असंभव है।

    (b) अध्यापक की धैर्यहीनता का चिह्न है

    (c) अध्यापकीय प्रवृत्ति है।

    (d) दुर्लभ है।

    निर्देश: नीचे दिए गए गद्यांश को पढ़कर सबसे उचित विकल्प का | चयन कीजिए :

    यदि हम सुनने के साथ-साथ सुनाते भी हैं, अर्थात वार्तालाप भी करते हैं तो बातें याद रहने की संभावना काफी अधिक रहती है। इसलिए भाषण | तो हमें याद नहीं रहते, परंतु वार्तालाप हम भूलते नहीं हैं। सुनने के लिए पुराना भूलना भी ज़रूरी है। बुद्धि के पास वह शक्ति है जिससे वह सुनी हुई बातों का सार निकालकर बाकी विस्तार को भुला देती है, तभी हम नई बातें सुन सकते हैं। दो कान इसलिए हैं कि सुनने को इतना कुछ है कि एक कम पड़ता है। प्रकृति ने हमें मुख एक ही दिया है इसलिए कि सुनों ज्यादा, बोलो | कम। सामने वाले की बात ध्यान से सुनना एक प्रकार की गतिविधि है।

    सुनने की कला आज दुर्लभ होती जा रही है। शोध बताते हैं कि हम | जितना सुनते हैं, उसका मात्र बीस प्रतिशत ही हमें याद रहता है। सुनी बातों में से तीन दिन बाद केवल दस प्रतिशत ही याद रहता है। इसके अलावा सुनने और समझने के बीच हमारा पूर्वाग्रह, पूर्व जानकारी, पूर्व अर्जित ज्ञान भी प्रभाव डालता है।

    129. भाषण और वार्तालाप में क्या अंतर है?

    (a) भाषण में हम बोलते हैं, वार्तालाप में सुनते हैं।

    (b) भाषण रोचक नहीं होता, वार्तालाप रोचक होता है।

    (c) भाषण में केवल बोलना होता है, वार्तालाप में सुनना और बोलना।

    दोनों होते हैं।

    (d) भाषण लंबा होता है, वार्तालाप संक्षिप्त होता है। |

    130. सुनकर समझने को कौन-सा तत्व प्रभावित करता है? |

    (a) पूर्वाग्रह

    (b) पूर्व जानकारी

    (c) पूर्व अर्जित ज्ञान

    (d) ये सभी

    131. लेखक के अनुसार क्या महत्वपूर्ण है?

    (a) सुनना

    (b) ध्यान से सुनना

    (c) ध्यान से सुनकर सारतत्व ग्रहण करना

    (d) सुनकर याद रखना

    132. 'सुनने के लिए पुराना भूलना भी जरूरी है।' वाक्य है।

    (a) प्रश्नवाचक

    (b) विधानवाचक

    (c) अनिश्चयात्मक

    (4) आश्चर्यबोधक

    133. यह जड़ी-बूटी तो आज बड़ी .................. है। वाक्य के रिक्त स्थान

    पर शब्द आएगा

    (a) दुर्लभ

    (b) दुर्गम

    (c) दुस्तर

    (d) दुराव

    134. पूर्वाग्रह' का संधि-विच्छेद है ।

    (a) पूर्व + ग्रह

    (b) पूर्वा + ग्रह

    (c) पूर्व + आग्रह

    (d) पूरव + आ + ग्रह

    135. इस गद्यांश में बुद्धि की कौन-सी महत्वपूर्ण शक्ति का उल्लेख है?

    (a) बुद्धि सुनकर याद कर लेती है।

    (b) बुद्धि सुनकर सार ग्रहण करती है।

    (c) बुद्धि विस्तार को तुरंत भूल जाती है।

    (d) बुद्धि सदैव नई बातें सुनती है। |

    निर्देश : सबसे सही विकल्प चुनिए :

    136. पठन कौशल से अभिप्राय है।

    (a) लिपि-चिह्नों की पहचान

    (b) शब्दों को पढ़ना

    (c) वाक्यों को पढ़ना

    (d) पढ़कर समझना

    137. वाइगोत्स्की ने भाषा सीखने की प्रक्रिया में किस पर बल दिया है।

    (a) कक्षायी अभ्यासों पर।

    (b) सामाजिक अंत:क्रिया पर

    (c) पाठ्य-पुस्तकों पर

    (d) उचित आकलन पर

    138. भाषा की पाठ्य-पुस्तक में ऐसे पाठ चुने जाएं जो

    (a) संक्षिप्त हों

    (b) प्रसिद्ध लेखकों के हों

    (c) बच्चों के संवेदना-लोक के साथी बन सकें।

    (d) अनिवार्यतः मूल्यों से ओत-प्रोत हों

    139. भाषा सीखने में होने वाली त्रुटियाँ

    (a) सीखने की प्रक्रिया का हिस्सा हैं।

    (b) भाषा-अपरिपक्वता को दर्शाती है।

    (c) अक्षम्य हैं।

    (d) शिक्षक की कमी को दर्शाती है।

    140. किस तरह के लेखन को आकलन में शामिल करना उचित है?

    (a) सूचना-संदेश

    (b) डायरी

    (c) विज्ञापन ।

    (d) ये सभी

    141. व्याकरण के पक्षों और शब्दों की बारीकी की समझ का आकलन

    (a) परिभाषा के रूप में किया जाना चाहिए

    (b) संदर्भ युक्त सामग्री में किया जाना चाहिए।

    (c) बिल्कुल नहीं किया जाना चाहिए

    (d) अधिक अंकों का होना चाहिए।

    142. भाषा में आकलन का प्रयोग मुख्यतः ........... के लिए होना चाहिए।

    (a) बच्चों के भाषा-सौंदर्य परीक्षण

    (b) बच्चों की भाषा-प्रयोग की क्षमता

    (c) भाषा के उच्च ज्ञान के परीक्षण

    (d) भाषा की पाठ्यचर्या के स्तर-ज्ञान

    143. भाषा-शिक्षण के संदर्भ में कौन-सा कथन उचित है?

    (a) भाषा-शिक्षण के लिए अधिकाधिक कठिन अभ्यासों का प्रयोग किया जाए।

    (b) आजकल भाषा-शिक्षण में अधिकाधिक उच्चस्तरीय ई-मेल तकनीक का प्रयोग अनिवार्य है।

    (c) भाषा-शिक्षण में सिनेमा को शामिल नहीं किया जाना चाहिए

    (d) प्रथम भाषा-अर्जन की तरह द्वितीय भाषा के रूप में हिंदी के सहज अर्जन के लिए प्रिंट समृद्ध वातावरण जरूरी है।

    144. नीना की कक्षा में बच्चे अकसर एक संकल्पना/ वस्तु/ प्राणी के लिए अलग-अलग भाषाओं के शब्द खोजते हैं। नीना ऐसा क्यों करती है?

    (a) बच्चों को व्यस्त रखने के लिए

    (b) बच्चों की मातृभाषाओं की जानकारी प्राप्त करने के लिए

    (c) बहुभाषिकता को बढ़ावा देने के लिए

    (d) शिक्षण को अधिक रोचक व व्यस्ततापूर्ण बनाने के लिए

    145. 'डिस्ग्राफिया' का संबंध किससे है?

    (a) पठन-अक्षमता से

    (b) लेखन अक्षमता से

    (c) गणना संबंधी अक्षमता से

    (d) बोलने संबंधी अक्षमता से

    146. बच्चे अनुकरण से भाषा सीखते हैं। यह कथन

    (a) पूर्णतः सत्य है।

    (b) आंशिक रूप से ही सत्य है।

    (C) पूर्णतः असत्य है।

    (d) सारहीन है।

    147. भाषा-शिक्षक के रूप में आपके लिए महत्वपूर्ण है।

    (a) बच्चों द्वारा त्रुटिरहित भाषा प्रयोग करवाना।

    (b) बच्चों से पाठ्य-पुस्तक पढ़वाना।

    (c) बच्चों द्वारा बेझिझक भाषा प्रयोग करवाना।

    (d) बच्चों से विस्तार से गृहकार्य करवाना।

    148. उच्च प्राथमिक स्तर पर कौन सा भाषा शिक्षण का उद्देश्य नहीं है?

    (a) निजी अनुभवों के आधार पर भाषा का सृजनशील प्रयोग।

    (b) भाषा के सौंदर्य को समझने की क्षमता का विकास।

    (c) मुहावरों, लोकोक्तियों और कहावतों का सुचिंतित प्रयोग करने की प्रवृत्ति का विकास।

    (d) कठिन शब्दों के अर्थ पूछना।

    149. ............. के अतिरिक्त निम्नलिखित पाठ्यक्रम सहगामी क्रियाकलाप भाषा सीखने में सहायक हो सकते हैं।

    (a) परिचर्चा |

    (b) घटना-वर्णन

    (c) पाठों को याद करना

    (d) गीत

    150. पूरक पाठ्य-पुस्तक का उद्देश्य है।

    (a) बलपूर्वक पढ़ना

    (b) अतिरिक्त गृहकार्य देना

    (c) वाचन अभ्यास

    (d) गंभीर साहित्य पढ़ना

    Child Development & Pedagogy

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    (b)

    146

    (b)

    147

    (c)

    148

    (d)

    149

    (c)

    150

    (c)

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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