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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 24 April 2017

May 2, 2017 15:48 IST
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current affairs 24 April 2017

In IAS prelims exam preparation, MCQs and questions based on current affairs should be given priority. Current affairs and issues on the economic and political structure of the nation form the central part of the IAS exam.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 21 April 2017

We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

1. Consider the following statements regarding the BRS Conventions recently seen in news:

1) The Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm conventions are multilateral environmental agreements.

2) The Basel Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is a global treaty to protect human health.

3) The Stockholm Convention is based on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal.

Which of the above statements is true?

a. 1 and 2
b. Only 1
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: b

Explanation:

The Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm conventions are multilateral environmental agreements, which share the common objective of protecting human health and the environment from hazardous chemicals and wastes.

The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was created to protect people and the environment from the negative effects of the inappropriate management of hazardous wastes worldwide.

The Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for certain hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in international trade provide Parties with a first line of defence against hazardous chemicals.

The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from highly dangerous, long-lasting chemicals by restricting and ultimately eliminating their production, use, trade, release and storage.

To enhance cooperation and coordination among the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm conventions, their respective conferences of the Parties have taken a series of decisions.

This so-called "synergies process" aims to strengthen the implementation of the three conventions at the national, regional and global levels by providing coherent policy guidance, enhancing efficiency in the provision of support to Parties to the conventions, reducing their administrative burden and maximizing the effective and efficient use of resources at all levels, while maintaining the legal autonomy of these three multilateral environmental agreements.

ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

2. Mahatma Gandhi NREGS has reached a new milestone by geotagging one Crore assets and putting them in public domain. Consider the following statements regarding Geotagging:

1) GeoMGNREGA is a unique endeavour of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.

2) A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for geotagging the assets created under MGNREGS in each gram panchayat.

3) It is expected that the exercise will lead to greater transparency and ensure accountability at field level.

Which of the above statements is true?

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. 1 and 2
d. 2 and 3

Answer: d

Explanation:

Mahatma Gandhi NREGS has reached a new milestone by geotagging one Crore assets and putting them in public domain. The scale of rural assets created under MGNREGA is very large. On an average, about 30 Lakh Assets are created annually which includes a variety of works such as water harvesting structures, plantations, rural infrastructure, flood control measures, individual assets for sustainable livelihood, community infrastructure and so on.

The process of geotagging is going on and all assets under MGNREGS will be geotagged. Special focus is being given to geotag Natural Resource Management works especially the water-related works. GeoMGNREGA is a unique endeavour of the Ministry of Rural Development in association with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), ISRO and National Informatics Centre.

A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed by Ministry of Rural Development with NRSC on 24th June 2016 for geo-tagging the assets created under MGNREGS in each gram panchayat. The strength of Space technology has been leveraged.

3. Indian Navy successfully undertook the firing of BrahMos Land Attack Supersonic Cruise Missile from a ship. Consider the following statements regarding the BrahMos Missile:

1) The BrahMos is a long-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile.

2)  The BrahMos can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land.

Which of the above statements is true?

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: b

Explanation:

BRAHMOS is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its first stage which brings it to supersonic speed and then gets separated. The liquid ramjet or the second stage then takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in cruise phase. Stealth technology and guidance system with advanced embedded software provides the missile with special features.

The BrahMos is a short-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land. It is a joint venture between the Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroeyenia and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) who have together formed BrahMos Aerospace.

The name BrahMos is a portmanteau formed from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia. The missile has a flight range of up to 290-km with supersonic speed all through the flight, leading to shorter flight time, consequently ensuring lower dispersion of targets, quicker engagement time and non-interception by any known weapon system in the world.

It operates on ‘Fire and Forget Principle’, adopting varieties of flights on its way to the target. The missile has an identical configuration for land, sea and sub-sea platforms and uses a Transport Launch Canister (TLC) for transportation, storage and launch.

Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam

4. Consider the following statements regarding the “Quality Mark” Award Scheme:

I. The “Quality Mark” Award Scheme is for dairy Cooperatives to promote and encourage enhancement of safety, quality and hygiene of milk and milk products manufactured by dairy cooperatives.

II. The scheme is aimed at bringing about process improvement in the entire value chain from producer to the consumer to ensure availability of safe and quality of milk and products for the foreign market only.

III. The Quality Mark” Award Scheme for dairy Cooperatives in the country has been initiated to instil confidence in the consumers for the quality of milk being marketed by them by ensuring availability of safe and good quality milk and milk products.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

a. Only I
b. I and II
c. I and III
d. All of the above

Answer: c

Explanation:

As part of the innovative initiatives under the “White Revolution” umbrella Schemes, the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries has supported the National Dairy Development Board(NDDB) developed initiative of “Quality Mark” Award Scheme for dairy Cooperatives to promote and encourage enhancement of safety, quality and hygiene of milk and milk products manufactured by dairy cooperatives.

It is aimed at bringing about process improvement in the entire value chain from producer to the consumer to ensure availability of safe and quality of milk and products both for the domestic and foreign market. The Quality Mark” Award Scheme for dairy Cooperatives in the country has been initiated to instil confidence in the consumers for the quality of milk being marketed by them by ensuring availability of safe and good quality milk and milk products.

The quality mark scheme was rolled out on 6th January-2016 after deliberating on the process and award mechanism for over a year. The initiative does not propose any new/ additional system for Food Safety and Quality Management but lays down minimum standards against each link of the processes required for ensuring quality and safety.

5. Recently, the Indian Navy successfully undertook the firing of BrahMos Land Attack Supersonic Cruise Missile from a ship. BrahMos Missile has been jointly developed by India and which of the following countries?

a. Russia
b. Israel
c. Japan
d. USA

Answer: a

Explanation:

Indian Navy successfully undertook the firing of BrahMos Land Attack Supersonic Cruise Missile from a ship recently. This variant of Long Range BrahMos Missile was fired from Indian Naval Ship Teg, a Guided Missile Frigate, on a target on land.

BrahMos Missile has been jointly developed by India and Russia, and its Anti-Ship variant has already been inducted into Indian Navy. The majority of the frontline ships of Indian Navy, like the Kolkata, Ranvir and Teg classes of ships, are capable of firing this missile. Land Attack variant of BrahMos Missile provides Indian Naval Ships with the capability to precisely neutralise selected targets deep inland, far away from the coast, from stand-off ranges at sea.

This successful maiden firing of BrahMos Land Attack Supersonic Cruise Missile has significantly enhanced the prowess of Indian Navy and has placed India into the club of select few nations.

Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

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