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IAS Preparation: Prelims Current Affairs Questions for 11 January 2018

Jan 11, 2018 15:59 IST

    Prelims current affairs practice questions for 11 January 2018 cover topics like LEADS Index, MPLADs Scheme, Mankidia tribe in Odisha, Hepatitis C and All India Higher Education Survey.

    IAS Preparation: Prelims Current Affairs Qns. for 11 January 2018
    IAS Preparation: Prelims Current Affairs Qns. for 11 January 2018

    To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.

    To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.

    IAS Exam Current Affairs Prelims Practice MCQs for 11 January 2018 are as given below.

    1. Consider the following statements related to Logistics Ease Across Different States (LEADS) Index that was in the news recently.
    1) It was prepared by the NITI Aayog.
    2) Gujarat topped the logistics ranking, while Maharasthra topped merchandise exports ranking.
    3) It is loosely based on the World Bank’s Logistics Performance Index (LPI).

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 and 2
    b) 2 and 3
    c) 1 and 3
    d) 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. b


    In the early January 2018, the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry released the Logistics Ease Across Different States (LEADS) Index. The Index report was prepared by the Deloitte for the ministry. The study is based on a perception-based survey of 2,885 respondents across the country over a six-week period. As per the study, Gujarat, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra were in the top five positions respectively in terms of efficiency in the logistics sector. However, in terms of merchandise exports for the 2016-17, Maharasthra topped the list and was followed by Gujarat (2), Tamil Nadu (3), Karnataka (4) and Uttar Pradesh (5).

    About LEADS Index

    • It is an indicator to assess international trade logistics across States and Union Territories of India.

    • It is loosely based on the World Bank’s biannual Logistics Performance Index (LPI). It should be noted that India was placed at the 35th position among 160 countries surveyed in 2016, up from 54th rank in 2014.

    • It is a composite index and is based on eight parameters. They are infrastructure, track and trace, services, timeliness, competitiveness of pricing, operating environment, the safety of the cargo and regulatory process.

    • It provides useful insights to the policy makers on the deficiencies in the existing infrastructure and the measures to boost efficiency in the logistics sector in order to promote internal and external trade.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

    2. Consider the following statements about the MPLAD Scheme that was in the news recently.
    1) The scheme was extended by three years until 2020.
    2) Beginning April 2018, it will be implemented as a centrally sponsored scheme.
    3) Under the scheme, the concerned MP will recommend works, while the District Authority will execute them.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 and 2
    b) 2 and 3
    c) 1 and 3
    d) 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. c


    On 10 January 2018, the Union Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) gave its approval for the continuation of the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) beyond the 12th plan period i.e. March 2017. As per the approval, the scheme will be operational till the term of the 14th  Finance Commission i.e. 31st March 2020. The CCEA also agreed to continue the scheme as the Central Sector Scheme as earlier.

    About MPLADS

    • The Scheme was launched in 1993-94 by the PV Narasimha Rao-led government.

    • Since its inception in 1993-94 till August 2017, a total number of 18,82,180 works to the tune of Rs. 44,929.17 crore have been sanctioned under the scheme.

    • The objective of the scheme is to enable MPs to recommend the works of developmental nature with emphasis on the creation of durable community assets based on the locally felt needs to be taken up in their constituencies.

    • In 1993-94, when the Scheme was launched, an amount of Rs. 5 lakh per Member of Parliament was allotted which became Rupees one crore per annum per MP constituency from 1994-95. This was stepped up to Rs. 2 crore from 1998-99 and now it is Rs.5 crore from the financial year 2011-12.

    • Lok Sabha Members can recommend works within their constituencies and elected members of Rajya Sabha can recommend works within the State of election. Nominated Members of both the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha can recommend works anywhere in the country.

    • Each MP will recommend works up to the annual entitlement during the financial year to the concerned District Authority. The District Authority will get the eligible sanctioned works executed as per the established procedure of the State Government.

    • It should be noted that the District Authority continues to hold to powers to grant administrative sanction to the works recommended by concerned MPs.

    • The Scheme is governed by a set of guidelines, which have been last revised in June 2016.

    3. Consider the following statements related to the Mankidia tribe that was in the news recently.
    1) It is the only Particulary Vulnerable Tribal Group to reside in Odisha.
    2) The tribal group was in the news as it was denied habitat rights in the core area of Simlipal Tiger Reserve.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. b


    The Mankidia tribe was in the news in the early January 2018 as the group was denied habitat rights in the core area of Simlipal Tiger Reserve in Odisha. The decision was taken by the Odisha forest department officials under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006. The habitat rights were denied on the grounds that the tribals could be attacked by wild animals, especially tigers.

    About Mankidias

    It is one of the thirteen Particulary Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) residing in Odisha.  The members of tribe critically depend on making rope with siali fibre that’s richly available in Similipal. Other PVTGs residing in Odisha are Birhor, Bondo, Didayi, Dongria-Khond, Juangs, Kharias, Kutia Kondh, Lanjia Sauras, Lodhas, Paudi Bhuyans, Soura and Chuktia Bhunjia.

    About PVTGs

    Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG) is a classification created by the Union Government to improve the conditions of the most vulnerable population among tribals. Previously, these groups were known as Primitive Tribal Groups. In 2006, they were renamed as Particulary Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).

    The features of PVTGs are practice of hunting and gathering, zero or negative population growth, extremely low level of literacy in comparison with other tribal groups. At present, there are 75 PVTGs in 20 States and Union Territories. With 13 PVTGs, Odisha is home to the most number of Particularly vulnerable tribal groups in the country. Great Andamanese, Jarawas, Onges, Sentinelese and Shorn Pens are the PVTGs in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 10 January 2018

    4. Consider the following statements related to All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) for 2016-17 that was released recently.
    1) Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education increased from 19.4% in 2010-11 to 25.2% in 2016-17.
    2) Gender Parity Index (GPI) has improved from 0.86 to 0.94 between 2010 and 2017.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c


    The Union Minister of Human Resource Development Prakash Javadeka on 5 January 2017 released the 8th All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) for the year 2016-17.

    Key highlights of AISHE 2016-17

    • India witnessed significant achievement in overall enrolment from 27.5 million in 2010-11 to 35.7 million in 2016-17, and improvement in Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education from 19.4% in 2010-11 to 25.2% in 2016-17. GER is the total enrolment within a country at a specific level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population in the official age group corresponding to the level of education considered.

    • The survey projected that the GER ratio of 30% would be achieved by the year 2022.

    • Gender Parity Index (GPI) has improved from 0.86 to 0.94 in the corresponding period. The GPI is a socioeconomic index, usually designed to measure the relative access to education of males and females.

    • The number of institutions of higher education listed on AISHE portal has also increased significantly to 864 in 2016-17 from 621 universities in 2010-11 to and 40,026 colleges in 2016-17 from 32,974 colleges in 2010-11.

    • The foreign student enrolment number has slightly improved from 45,424 in 2015-16 to 47,575 in 2016-17.

    • In the AISHE 206-17, for the first time, efforts have been made to collect the details of teachers to be used in the portal `Gurujan’ specifically dedicated to teacher information. The Gurujan portal will be useful to ascertain the quality of faculty in an institution.

    About AISHE

    The All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) Was initiated in the year 2011 to prepare a robust database on higher education. Since then, seeing the usefulness of data collected during the very first year of the survey, the government decided to make this survey an annual exercise of data collection in the higher education sector.

    5. Recently, the Union Government unveiled its plan to launch a new scheme for free treatment of Hepatitis C in the country. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements.
    1) Hepatitis C is a bacterial disease and affects the liver.
    2) Hepatitis C can also be spread from an infected mother to her baby during birth.
    3) As of now, there is no vaccine against hepatitis C.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 and 3
    c) 1, 2 and 3
    d) None of them

    Answer. b


    In the early January 2018, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Affairs announced its plans to launch the National Programme for Control of Viral Hepatitis across the county. Under the proposed scheme, free treatment will be offered to patients suffering from the Hepatitis C. The scheme is expected to be launched in the 2018-19 financial year and will be operational for three years at the cost of Rs 600 crore.

    About Hepatitis-C

    • Hepatitis-C is a viral disease that causes liver inflammation leading to diminished liver function or liver failure.

    • It is referred to as a silent epidemic as most people infected with HCV have no symptoms of the disease until liver damage becomes apparent, which may take decades.

    • Chronic HCV infection could lead to scarring and poor liver function (cirrhosis) over many years, resulting in complications such as bleeding, jaundice, fluid accumulation in the abdomen, infections and liver cancer.

    • It is estimated that nearly 100,000 people die annually in India from HCV infection and co-morbidities. Around 25% of 18 million HCV patients in India are indicated for hepatitis-C genotype 1.

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