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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 16 February 2018

Feb 16, 2018 11:19 IST
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 16 February 2018
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 16 February 2018

    To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.

    To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Consider the following statements related to ‘Paschim Lehar’ that was in the news recently.
    1) It is the first ever joint naval exercise between India and Brazil.
    2) The exercise was held in the Arabian Sea.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. b

    Explanation:

    On 12 February 2018, a tri-Service maritime exercise, code named ‘Paschim Lehar’ commenced on the Western Seaboard. The exercise includes the participation of a large number of ships, submarines and aircraft from the Western Naval Command of the Indian Navy. In addition, units of the Eastern Naval Command, Indian Army, Indian Air Force and the Indian Coast Guard are also participating in the exercise.

    Over 40 ships and submarines, similar number of fighter aircrafts, helicopters and remotely piloted aircrafts of the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force are participating in the exercise. The amphibious capabilities of the armed forces, along with the elements of the Army Amphibious Brigade will also be deployed and tested for operational tasking during the exercise.

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    2. Recently, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamat Banerjee announced that the State would opt out of the National Health Protection Scheme, which was announced in the Union Budget 2018-19. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements related to the scheme.
    1) Once operational, it will be the world’s largest government funded health care programme.
    2) It will cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families across the country.
    3) It provides health insurance coverage up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 2 and 3 only
    c) 1 and 3 only
    d) All of them

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    On 14 February 2018, the West Bengal became the first State to opt out of the Union Government’s National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS), which was proposed by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in the Union Budget 2018-19. As per the State Government, the scheme has no relevance for the State as it has already made hospitalisation and medical treatment free for its citizens. The State has already enrolled 50 lakh people under its Swasthya Sathi Programme.

    Key features of National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS)

    • The NHPS, which is also called as Ayushman Bharat Scheme, seeks to provide health insurance to poor and vulnerable families across the country.

    • It will cover over 10 crore families or approximately 50 crore beneficiaries.

    • The scheme will provide coverage up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization. The existing  Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) provides an insurance cover of Rs 30,000 per year to poor families.

    • Once it is operational, it will be the world’s largest government-funded health care programme and cover population larger than the combined citizenry of the USA, the UK, Germany and France.

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    3. Consider the following statements related to the Baltic Dry Index that was mentioned in the Economic Survey 2017-18.
    1) It is a freight index and indicates the robustness of trade and shipping services.
    2) It is issued daily by the London-based Baltic Exchange.
    3) The index gives investors an insight into global supply and demand trends.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 2 and 3 only
    c) 1 and 3 only
    d) All of them

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    The Baltic Dry Index (BDI) was mentioned in the Union Economic Survey 2018-19. The India’s BDI fell from a peak of 11,793 on 20 May 2008 to a low of 663 on 8 December 2008. It was in the red at 290 on 11 February 2016 and improved since then. It was at 1,164 on 17 January 2018.

    About Baltic Dry Index (BDI)

    • It is a shipping and trade index created by the London-based Baltic Exchange. It measures changes in the cost of transporting various raw materials.

    • It is considered as a good proxy for the robustness of trade and shipping services.

    • A change in the BDI can give investors insight into global supply and demand trends. It is often considered a leading indicator of future economic growth.

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    4. Recently, India signed second loan agreement with New Development Bank for USD 100 million for Rajasthan Water Sector Restructuring Project for desert areas. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1) This is the first tranche loan of USD 100 million approved by the NDB under the Multi-Tranche Financing Facility of USD 345 million for this project.
    2) The objective of this Project is to rehabilitate the 678 km long Indira Gandhi Canal system built during 1958-63 to prevent seepage, conserve water, and enhance water use efficiency as mandated by both national and state-level policies on water use.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Loan Agreement for the financing of Rajasthan Water Sector Restructuring Project for the Desert Areas was signed between Government of India and the New Development Bank (NDB) on 13th February 2018 at New Delhi. This is the first tranche loan of USD 100 million approved by the NDB under the Multi-Tranche Financing Facility of USD 345 million for this project.

    The objective of this Project is to rehabilitate the 678 km long Indira Gandhi Canal system built during 1958-63 to prevent seepage, conserve water, and enhance water use efficiency as mandated by both national and state-level policies on water use. The execution of the project would multiple benefits such as:

    • Arresting the seepage by rehabilitating the deteriorating canal lining of the Indira Gandhi Nahar Project (IGNP) which needs urgent attention;

    • Rehabilitation of waterlogged areas;

    • Modernization and optimization of the irrigation management practices in the project area by involvement of the water users’ associations (WUA) in the command area

    • Strengthening of drinking water supply and irrigation facilities in the project area

    The project implementation period is 6 years. The government of Rajasthan will implement the project primarily through Rajasthan Water Resources Department.

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    5. Recently, the Forest Department of which of the following state has found that the Paliyar tribals producing high-quality residue-free coffee?
    a) Chhattisgarh
    b) Tamil Nadu
    c) Kerala
    d) Jharkhand

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    With no financial or technical support from the government and financial sector, Paliyar tribals living at Korankombu village in Tami Nadu have been producing high-quality chemical residue-free coffee, using their traditional low-cost cultivation methods. They raise both Arabica and Robusta variety of coffee in each farm. While tall Robusta crops are grown near field bund, short Arabica trees are planted inside the field. Orange trees are also there. They neither cut forest trees nor clean land to raise coffee.

    Natural coffee production does not affect the yield much. They have harvested 600 kg an acre when compared to one-tonne kg by mega planters elsewhere who use the inorganic method.

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