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IAS Questions for Prelims: 23 November 2017

Nov 27, 2017 11:36 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 23 November 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 23 November 2017

    The significance of current affairs in IAS Exam has been increased in the last few years and the IAS aspirants should focus more on the current events. Either in IAS Prelims Exam or in IAS Mains Exam, you can find a large number of questions associated with the recent developments. So, it is very important to keep a close watch on every important event happening around in the country or of international importance.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, the Prime Minister has reviewed the progress in the implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY). Consider the following statements regarding the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY):
    1. The Central Government had announced the launch of the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) on 17 September 2015.
    2. The objective of PMKKKY to implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining-affected areas that complement the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government.
    3. The Central Government had issued a directive to the State Governments, under Section 20A of the MMDR Act, 1957, laying down the guidelines for implementation of PMKKKY.

    Which of the above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Prime Minister reviewed the progress in the implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY). Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) was launched by the Central Government on 17 September 2015.

    Various objectives of PMKKKY:

    • to implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining-affected areas that complement the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government;
    • to minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio-economics of people in mining districts; and
    • to ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in the mining areas.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved an agreement between India and Philippines on co-operation and mutual assistance in customs matters. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The Agreement will help in the availability of relevant information for the prevention and investigation of Customs offences.
    2. The Agreement is also expected to facilitate trade and ensure efficient clearance of goods traded between the countries.
    3. The Agreement would provide a legal framework for sharing of information and intelligence between the home ministries of the two countries.

    Which of the above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet has approved the signing and ratifying of an Agreement between India and Philippines on co-operation and mutual assistance in customs matters.
    Key points of the signed agreement:

    • The Agreement will help in the availability of relevant information for the prevention and investigation of Customs offences.
    • The Agreement is also expected to facilitate trade and ensure efficient clearance of goods traded between the countries.
    • This Agreement shall enter into force after the necessary national legal requirements for entry into force of this Agreement have been fulfilled by both the countries.

    The signed Agreement would provide a legal framework for sharing of information and intelligence between the Customs authorities of the two countries. It would help in the proper application of Customs laws, prevention and investigation of Customs offences and the facilitation of legitimate trade. The draft text of the proposed Agreement has been finalized with the concurrence of the two Customs Administrations. The draft Agreement takes care of Indian Customs' concerns and requirements, particularly in the area of exchange of information on the correctness of the Customs value declared and authenticity of certificates of origin of the goods traded between the two countries.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved India's membership for which of the following banks of the world?
    a. World Bank
    b. European Bank for Reconstruction & Development (EBRD)
    c. Asian Development Bank
    d. New Development Bank

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    India's membership for European Bank for Reconstruction & Development has been approved by its Union Cabinet and the further necessary steps will be taken by the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance to acquire the membership of the EBRD.

    Impact of this membership:

    • Membership of EBRD would enhance India's international profile and promote its economic interests. Access to EBRD's Countries of Operation and sector knowledge.
    • India's investment opportunities would get a boost.
    • It would increase the scope of cooperation between India and EBRD through co-financing opportunities in manufacturing, services, Information Technology, and Energy.
    • EBRD's core operations pertain to private sector development in their countries of operation. The membership would help India leverage the technical assistance and sectoral knowledge of the bank for the benefit of the development of private sector.
    • This would contribute to an improved investment climate in the country.
    • The membership of EBRD would enhance the competitive strength of the Indian firms, and provide an enhanced access to international markets in terms of business opportunities, procurement activities, consultancy assignments etc.
    • This would open up new vistas for Indian professionals on the one hand, and give a fillip to Indian exports on the other.
    • Increased economic activities would have the employment generating potential.
    • It would also enable Indian nationals to get the employment opportunity in the Bank.

    Financial Implications of this membership:

    The minimum initial investment towards the membership of EBRD will be approximately €1 (one) million. However, this assumption is based on India deciding to buy the minimum number of shares (100) required for obtaining the membership. If India were to buy a higher number of Bank shares, the financial implications could be higher. In-principle approval of the Cabinet at this stage is being obtained for joining the Bank.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved setting up of the 15thFinance Commission. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. Setting up of the Finance Commission is a constitutional obligation under Article 280 (1) of Indian Constitution.
    2. In terms of Constitutional provisions, setting up the 15thFinance Commission, the recommendations of which will cover the five years commencing on April 1, 2020, has now become due.

    Which of the above statements is true?
    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the setting up of the 15thFinance Commission. Setting up of the Finance Commission is a constitutional obligation under Article 280 (1) of Indian Constitution. The Terms of Reference for the 15th Finance Commission will be notified in due course of time.

    Background:

    Article 280 (1) of the Constitution lays down that a Finance Commission (FC) should be constituted "... within two years from the commencement of this Constitution and thereafter at the expiration of every fifth year or at such earlier time as the President considers necessary...” In keeping with this requirement, the practice has generally been to set up next Finance Commission within five years of the date of setting up of the previous Finance Commission.
    Fourteen (14) Finance Commissions have been constituted in the past. The 14thFinance Commission was set up on 02.01.2013 to make recommendations covering the period of five years commencing on 1st April 2015. The Commission submitted its Report on 15th December 2014. The recommendations of the 14thFinance Commission are valid up to the financial year 2019-20. In terms of Constitutional provisions, setting up the 15thFinance Commission, the recommendations of which will cover the five years commencing on April 1, 2020, has now become due.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has given its approval for expansion of the schemes of the Ministry of Women and Child Development under Umbrella Scheme "Mission for Protection and Empowerment for Women" for a period 2017-18 to 2019-20. Consider the following statements regarding the Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra (PMMSK):
    1. The new scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra' will empower rural women through community participation to create an environment in which they realize their full potential.
    2. Expansion under Beti Bachao Beti Padhao has also been approved by CCEA based on the successful implementation in 161 districts.
    3. The new scheme, ‘Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra' aims at improvement in declining Child Sex Ratio; ensuring survival & protection of the girl child; ensuring her education, and empowering her to fulfil her potential.

    Which of the above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has given its approval for expansion of the schemes of the Ministry of Women and Child Development under Umbrella Scheme "Mission for Protection and Empowerment for Women" for a period 2017-18 to 2019-20. CCEA has also given approval to the new scheme called ‘Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra', which will empower rural women through community participation to create an environment in which they realize their full potential. Expansion under Beti Bachao Beti Padhao has also been approved based on the successful implementation in 161 districts.

    The financial outlay during 2017-18 to 2019-20 will be Rs.3,636.85 crore with a Central Share of approximately Rs.3,084.96 crore.

    The new scheme "Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra (PMMSK)" is envisaged to work at various levels. While, National level (domain based knowledge support) and State level (State Resource Centre for Women) structures will provide technical support to the respective government on issues related to women, the District and Block level Centres will provide support to PMMSK and also give a foothold to BBBP in 640 districts to be covered in a phased manner.

    IAS Questions- 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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