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IAS Questions for Prelims: 4 August 2017

Aug 4, 2017 15:16 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 4 August 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 4 August 2017

    Current affairs importance in the IAS prelims is increasing exponentially every year and hence special emphasis should be given for preparing current affairs for the IAS prelims 2018. Practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be an indispensable activity while preparing for the IAS prelims 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    Here, we have provided some important mock questions on the latest happenings. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination

    1. Consider the following statements regarding the proxy rights to NRIs as cleared by the Union Cabinet recently:

    1) The government will amend the Representation of the People Act to make proxy voting for NRIs a reality.
    2) NRIs will be casting the votes on the internet.
    3) To allow the vote by proxy is like in the case of an option already available to service personnel in India.

    Which of the following statements is true?

    a. Only 1
    b. 1 and 3
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1 and 2

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet recently cleared a proposal to extend proxy voting to overseas Indians. The government will soon bring a bill that will amend the Representation of the People Act to make proxy voting for NRIs a reality. Nearly 16 million NRIs will be then able to vote in Indian elections by appointing proxies residing in their constituencies to cast their votes.

    It is believed that today's NRIs love the country, unlike the yesteryear NRIs who wanted to just run away from the country. The decision aims to make the small but influential NRI community feel connected with the country.

    At the moment, NRIs have to fly back to India to cast their votes, an option exercised only by 12,000 overseas voters. The government had considered two options to avoid this inconvenience: To send ballot papers electronically and receive the same back after the voter posts it to the nearest embassy or consulate, treating them as postal ballots. The second was to allow the vote by proxy like in the case of an option already available to service personnel in India. The only condition is that the proxy voter should be an ordinary resident of the constituency one is voting in.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    2. Recently, the Supreme Court prohibited the use of five chemicals, labelled as toxic by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), in the manufacture of firecrackers. Which among the following chemicals has been banned?

    a. Antimony, Lithium, Manganese, Arsenic and Lead
    b. Antimony, Lithium, Mercury, Fluoride and Lead
    c. Antimony, Lithium, Mercury, Arsenic and Lead
    d. None of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Ahead of the festive seasons of Dussehra and Deepavali, the Supreme Court prohibited the use of five chemicals, labelled as toxic by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), in the manufacture of firecrackers. The bench decided that no firecrackers manufactured by the respondents shall contain antimony, lithium, mercury, arsenic and lead in any form whatsoever.

    It is the responsibility of the Petroleum and Explosive Safety Organisation (PESO) to ensure compliance, particularly in Sivakasi. The order came after the court heard the submissions from officials of the CPCB and Petroleum and Explosive Safety Organisation’s (PESO) Firework Research and Development Centre at Sivakasi in Tamil Nadu.

    3. Consider the following statements regarding the advantages of preservation and hygienization of food and agri-products by radiation:

    1) A significant increase in shelf life for many products including fruits, vegetables, cereals, pulses, spices, sea foods and meat products.
    2) Effective elimination of harmful bacteria, viruses and pests.
    3) Hot and clean process but requires raising of temperature.

    Which of the following statements is true?

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) - Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) has been engaged in R&D work on the technology of preservation and hygienization of food and agri-products by radiation. Irradiation is very effective in treating the horticultural produces. Extension of the shelf life of horticultural produces is very much depended on the produce, variety and storage conditions. For many fresh agri produce subjected to irradiation and proper storage, substantial shelf life extension has been achieved.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: May 2017

    Unique advantages of radiation processing are:

    • A significant increase in shelf life for many products including fruits, vegetables, cereals, pulses, spices, sea foods and meat products.
    • Effective elimination of harmful bacteria, viruses and insects/pests.
    • Cold & clean process (No temperature rise or residue); and treatment is done after final packaging (no repacking necessary).

    4. Consider the following statements regarding the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) Mission:

    1) In NISAR mission, NASA is responsible for the development of L-band SAR and ISRO is responsible for the development of S-band SAR.
    2) The L & S band SAR will be integrated with ISRO’s spacecraft and launched on board India’s PSLV.

    Which of the following statements is true?

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    ISRO and NASA are working towards the realisation of NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission by 2021. In NISAR mission, NASA is responsible for the development of L-band SAR and ISRO is responsible for the development of S-band SAR. The L & S band SAR will be integrated with ISRO’s spacecraft and launched on board India’s GSLV. The total cost of the project includes ISRO’s work share cost of about Rs. 788.00 Cr and the cost of JPL’s work share of about USD 808 million.

    After the launch in 2021, the plan of action includes:

    (i) calibration of instruments & validation of data products;
    (ii) development of science acquisition plan;
    (iii) development of data processing procedures & applications; and
    (iv) conduct of outreach activities in research institutes & academia.

    The L & S band microwave data obtained from this satellite will be used for variety of application, which includes estimating agricultural biomass over full duration of crop cycle; assessing soil moisture; monitoring of floods & oil slicks; coastal erosion, coastline changes; assessment of mangroves; surface deformation studies, ice sheet dynamics etc.

    5. which statement best describes the objective of recently launched e-RaKAM portal by Government of India?

    a. To provide a platform to sell agricultural produce.
    b. To provide a platform to sell horticultural produce.
    c. To provide a platform to sell Generic Drugs.
    d. To provide a platform to sell organic fertilizers.

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Union Government recently launched e-RaKAM portal to provide a platform to sell agricultural produce. The portal is a joint initiative by state-run-auctioneer MSTC and Central Warehousing Corporation arm CRWC.

    The platform is a digital initiative that aims to bring together the farmers, PSUs, civil supplies and buyers on a single platform to ease the selling and buying process of agricultural products.

    Key highlights

    • The e-RaKAM is a first-of-its-kind initiative that leverages technology to connect farmers of the smallest villages to the biggest markets of the world through internet and e-RaKAM centres.
    • The effort should be to auction 20 lakh tonnes of pulses in the first phase through the platform.
    • With the help of the platform, various crops whose price increases due to rainfall or bad weather conditions will be managed and get the market.
    • The portal aims at strengthening the agriculture-oriented Indian economy and farmers, who play an important role in national development.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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