Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park: Facts at a Glance
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in Panchmahal district in Gujarat, India. It is located around the historical city of Champaner (a city which was built by Sultan Mahmud Begada of Gujarat). The Pavagadh hill composed of reddish-yellow coloured stone formation is one of the oldest rock formations in India. The hill rises to a height of nearly 800 meters from the mean sea level.
Picture of Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park:
Facts about: Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park-
- Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park is located in Panchmahal district in Gujarat, India.
- It is situated around the historical city of Champaner (a city which was built by Sultan Mahmud Begada of Gujarat).
- The Pavagadh hill constructed by reddish-yellow coloured stone.
- This formation is one of the oldest rock formations in India.
- The hill rises to a height of nearly 800 meters from the mean sea level.
- Pavagadh hill was a famous Hindu fortress under the Solanki kings of Gujarat followed by Khichi Chauhans.
- Sultan Mahmud Begarah took possession of this fort in 1484 and renamed it as Muhammadabad.
- These monuments are located on the Mauliya plateau, which is situated on the hill.
- The earliest temple dated to 10th – 11th century is dedicated to Lakulisa of which only gudhamandapa and antarala is extant. Other temples belong to Hindu and Jaina sects and are datable to circa 13th – 15th centuries A.D.
- All the temples are of the Nagara style having garbhagriha, mandapa and an entrance porch.
- The historical monuments at Champaner consist of a series of fortifications.
- The fortification is consisted of massive sandstones with intermediate bastions with beautiful balconies. Out of the massive ruins, five mosques are still in good condition.
- The most important mosques among them is the Jama Masjid which is located 50 meter east of the royal enclosure.
- Jama Masjid represents a perfect combination of Hindu-Moslem architecture.
- Jama Masjid is considered as a model for later mosque architecture in India.
- It got the status of archaeological site in 2004.
The list of all monuments includes:
There are eleven different types of buildings at Champaner-Pavagadh, including mosques, temples, granaries, tombs, wells, walls, and terraces.The monuments are situated at the foot of and around the Pavagadh hill. The Heritage Trust of Baroda lists 114 monuments in the area, of which only 39 monuments are maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India, due to limited funding.The Forest Department owns 94% of the land here.
I. Helical stepped well
II. Sakar Khan's Dargah
III. City Gate near Kasbin Talao
IV. Citadel walls
V. City walls at south-east corner of the citadel going up the hill
VI. East and South Bhadra Gates
VII. Sahar ki Masjid (Bohrani)
VIII. Three cells inside the citadel wall between Sahar ki Masjid the local fund Dharmashala
IX. Mandvi or Custom House
X. Jami Masjid
XI. Stepwell north of Jama Masjid
XII. Kevda Masjid and Cenotaph
XIII. Tomb with a big dome in the centre and small corner domes on way to Khajuri Masjid near Wada Talao
XIV. Cenotaph of Kevda Masjid
XV. Nagina Masjid
XVI. Cenotaph of Nagina Masjid
XVII. Lila Gumbaz ki Masjid, Chapaner
XVIII. Kabutarkhana Pavilion on the north bank of Wada Talao near Khajuri Masjid
XIX. Kamani Masjid
XX. Bawaman Mosque
B. Pavagad Hill-
I. Gate No. 1 on Pavagarh hill (Atak Gate)
II. Gate No. 2 (with three gateways, Budhiya gate)
III. Gate No. 3 (Moti gate, Sadanshah-Gate)
IV. Gate No. 4 with big bastion with cells in the interior
V. Sat Manzil between gate Nos. 4 and 5 right up to bastions on top
VI. Mint above Gate No4
VII. Gate No. 5 near Machi (Gulan Bulan Gate)
VIII. Gate No. 6 (Buland Darwaza)
IX. Makai Kothar
X. Palace of Patai Rawal with tanks
XI. Gate No. 7 near iron bridge (Makai Gate)
XII. Gate No. 8 (Tarapore Gate)
XIII. The fort of Pavagad and ruined Hindu and Jain temples on the top of Pavagad hills
XIV. Navlakha Kothar
XV. Walls of fort on top