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Countries in Asia by Date of formation

11-JAN-2013 16:07
    Country Date Date of acquisition of sovereignty Date of most recent significant territorial modification
    Afghanistan 20-08-1919 Treaty of Rawalpindi gives Afghanistan control from the United Kingdom over its own affairs  
    Bahrain 15-08-1971 Independence from Iran Portuguese conquest of current territory
    Bangladesh 26-03-1971 Independence from Pakistan declared  
    Bhutan 1885 Ugyen Wangchuck ends period of civil war and unites Bhutan Treaty of Sinchula
    Brunei 01-01-1984 Brunei regains its independence after an agreement with the British on 4 January 1979  
    Cambodia 26-09-1989 Becomes free from Vietnamese occupation; it gets back its name instead of the People's Republic of Kampuchea  
    China, People's Republic of 4221 BC Nation firstly unified by Qin Dynasty Transfer of the sovereignty of Macau from Portugal to the PRC
    China, Republic of 07-12-1949[18] Republic of China government moved to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War[19] Withdrawal of the Republic of China from the Dachen Archipelago
    India 15-08-1947[4] Independence from British Raj Accession of Daman, Diu + Sikkim to India
    Indonesia 17-08-1945 Indonesian Declaration of Independence from Netherlands Independence of East Timor, formerly administered as a province of Indonesia
    Indonesia 27-12-1949 Independence from the Netherlands recognized Independence of East Timor, formerly administered as a province of Indonesia
    Iran 3200 BC Elam Knowledge of Elamite history remains largely fragmentary, reconstruction being based on mainly Mesopotamian (Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian) sources. Anglo-Persian War leads to loss of Herat to the Emirate of Afghanistan
    Iraq 03-10-1932 Kingdom of Iraq Kuwait was liberated.
    Israel 14-05-1948 Reading of the Declaration of Independence of Israel before the expiration of the British Mandate of Palestine at midnight Completion of Israel's unilateral disengagement from the Gaza Strip
    Japan 2660 BCE (Traditional) Victory of Emperor Jimmu, and the capital established in Yamato. Return of the Ryukyu Islands to Japan and abolition of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands
    Jordan 25-05-1946 End of the British Mandate for Palestine Signing of the Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace, whereby most of the disputed 400 square-kilometer area in the Arabah was handed back to Jordan
    Kuwait 28-02-1991 End of Iraqi occupation (Gulf War) Formal division of Saudi-Kuwaiti neutral zone
    Kyrgyzstan 31-08-1991 Independence from the Soviet Union Establishment of the Kirghiz SSR
    Laos 22-10-1953 Independence from France  
    Lebanon 26-11-1941 Independence from France declared France establishes State of Greater Lebanon with current boundaries
    Lebanon 22-11-1943 Independence from France recognized France establishes State of Greater Lebanon with current boundaries
    Malaysia 31-08-1957 Malayan Independence[7] from the United Kingdom was declared in Dataran Merdeka (Independence Square) Establishment of Singapore as an independent sovereign state[8][9][10]
    Malaysia 16-09-1963 Malaysia was formed after the self-government of Sabah (was North Borneo), Sarawak and Singapore to federate with the existing States of the Federation of Malaya.[5][11] Establishment of Singapore as an independent sovereign state[8][9][10]
    Maldives 26-07-1965 Independence from the United Kingdom  
    Mongolia 29-12-1911 Proclamation of Mongolian independence from Qing Dynasty China  
    Myanmar 04-01-1948 Myanmar (Burma) declares independence from the British Empire Signing of border treaty with the People's Republic of China
    Nepal 21-12-1768 Nepali unification Sugauli Treaty ends the Gurkha War
    North Korea 09-09-1948 Declaration of creation of North Korea Cease-fire in the Korean War creates the southern border along the Military Demarcation Line
    Oman 26-01-1650 Expulsion of the Portuguese  
    Pakistan 1947 Partition of India De facto: Province of East Pakistan dissolved following the surrender of the Pakistani Army at the end of the Bangladesh Liberation War
    Pakistan 1947 Partition of India De jure: Recognition by Pakistan of Bangladesh as an independent country, whereby Pakistan definitely surrenders claims over the former province of East Pakistan
    Philippines 12-06-1898 The First Philippine Republic declares itself independent from the Spanish Empire.[12][13][14] Seven of the Turtle Islands were returned by the United Kingdom to the United States as the successor of the Sultanate of Sulu, becoming part of the Philippine Archipelago. The remaining three islands became the Turtle Islands National Park (Malaysia).
    Philippines 04-07-1946 The United States recognizes independence under the provisions of the Treaty of Manila (1946). The 1935 Philippine constitution remains in effect Seven of the Turtle Islands were returned by the United Kingdom to the United States as the successor of the Sultanate of Sulu, becoming part of the Philippine Archipelago. The remaining three islands became the Turtle Islands National Park (Malaysia).
    Qatar 03-09-1971 Independence from the United Kingdom  
    Saudi Arabia 20-05-1927 Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz recognized as independent in Treaty of Jeddah Border with Yemen finalized by Treaty of Jeddah
    Singapore 03-06-1959 Self-government under the United Kingdom Establishment of Singapore as an independent sovereign state[10]
    Singapore 09-08-1965 separate from and independent of Malaysia[8][9] Establishment of Singapore as an independent sovereign state[10]
    South Korea 4676 AD Three kingdoms ruling the Korean peninsula and parts of Manchuria first united by Shilla Cease-fire in the Korean War creates the northern border along the Military Demarcation Line
    Sri Lanka 04-02-1948 Dominion  
    Sri Lanka 22-05-1972 Full independence from the United Kingdom  
    Syria 28-09-1961 End of the United Arab Republic  
    Tajikistan 09-09-1991 Independence from the Soviet Union Establishment of the Tajik SSR
    Thailand 1776 Expulsion of Burmese and reunification of Thailand Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909
    Timor-Leste 28-11-1975 East Timor declares its independence but was suppressed by the Indonesian invasion  
    Timor-Leste 20-05-2002 Independence was recognized by the international community following the UN-sponsored act of self-determination of 1999  
    Turkmenistan 27-10-1991 Independence from the Soviet Union Establishment of the Turkmen SSR
    United Arab Emirates 02-12-1971 End of treaty relationship with the United Kingdom Ras al-Khaimah joins the UAE
    Uzbekistan 31-08-1991 Independence from the Soviet Union declared Establishment of the Uzbek SSR
    Vietnam 12879 BC Formation of Van Lang, traditionally regarded as the first nation of the Vietnamese people Reunification of North Vietnam and South Vietnam
    Yemen 22-05-1990 Unification of North Yemen and South Yemen Unification of North Yemen and South Yemen

     

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