Cement Industry is mainly based on non-metallic mineral. Its major raw materials are limestone and coal. At present, the raw-materials that have emerged as an alternative are oceanic shells, sluge and stage. The cement industries which use oceanic shells as a raw material has been set up at Dwarka (Gujarat), Thiruananthapuram (Kerala), and Chennai (Tamil Nadu).
India is one of the largest cement producers in the world after China. First cement plant was set up in Porbandar, Gujarat in 1904 whereas the production of cement was started in 1904 in Madras (Now Chennai).
The Indian Cement Industry with Modernization and technology up-gradation has become a continuous process for industry. At present international standards and benchmarks in the quality of cement and building materials produced are met in India and is able to compete international markets.
Geographical Distribution of Cement Industry in India
Madhya Pradesh is the largest cement producer in India and hold 23 cement plants in the state. Followed by the Andhra Pradesh which holds 19 plants, Rajasthan with 15 plants and Gujarat.
1. Madhya Pradesh
Major Centre: Katni, Jamul, Satna, Durg, Maihar, Neemach
2. Andhra Pradesh
Major Centre: Vijayawada, Karimnagar, Cementnagar, Krishna, Adilabad
Major Centre: Hopur, Chittorgarh, Udaipur
Major Centre: Bhadravati
Major Centre: Porbandar
Major Centre: Sindri
7. Uttar Pradesh
Major Centre: Churk, Dalla
Major Centre: Bhupendra Nagar
Major Centre: Chandrapur
10. West Bengal
Major Centre: Durgapur
In India, only twenty (20) companies are dominated the cement industry which account for almost 70% of the total cement production in India. The Government of India is strongly focused on infrastructure development to boost economic growth and is aiming for 100 smart cities which intend to expand the capacity of the railways and the facilities for handling and storage to ease the transportation of cement and reduce transportation costs. These measures would lead to increased construction activity thereby boosting cement demand.