Plantations are essentially large agricultural undertakings, but they also have certain industrial characteristics. It provides the silver lining to our agriculture, with high level of productivity and employment, apart from their catalysing contributions towards rural development. It generates considerable foreign exchange earnings by way of export.
1. Which of the following state is the largest producer of tea in India?
C. West Bengal
D. Tamil Nadu
Explanation: India is one of the largest producers of tea in the world. Approximately 52% of the total tea produced in India comes from the state of Assam. West Bengal comes at the second position in the list of tea producing states. Tamil Nadu comes at the third place in the list of tea producing states. Hence, B is the correct option.
2. Which of the following plantation crop produces in India more than its need?
B. Food grains
Explanation: India is the second largest producer of tea in the world after China. India stands 4th position in term of export of tea. Hence, A is the correct option.
3. The Barak Valley of Assam is famous for cultivation of which crop:
A. Oil palm
Explanation: The Barak Valley is located in the southern region of the Indian state of Assam. Soils of sugarcane growing areas in Cachar and Karimganj districts in the Barak valley of Assam have silty loam to clayey soils. Hence, C is the correct option.
4. Which of the following Indian State is the largest producer of rubber?
A. Tamil Nadu
B. Andhra Pradesh
Explanation: India is the one of the largest producer of rubber in the World. Kerala is the largest producer of rubber in India. Hence, D is the correct option.
5. Which of the following state is not known for the production of cardamom?
D. Tamil Nadu
Explanation: The major producers of cardamom in India are Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Hence, C is the correct option.
6. Which of the following Indian state is popularly known as 'Garden of Spices'?
C. Andhra Pradesh
D. Tamil Nadu
Explanation: Kerala has always been known for its rich sources and marvellous places. It is often called as the 'spice garden of India' because of the variety of spices it delivers to the nation. Hence, B is the correct option.
7. The Green Gold revolution is related to the_______.
Explanation: The “green gold” revolution is the name given to the promotion and trade of bamboo to bring about a quantum jump in the economic growth of Northeast. Hence, C is the correct option.
8. The tea plantation is required rainfall of______.
A. 50-150 cm
B. 100- 200 cm
C. 100-150 cm
D. 150-250 cm
Explanation: India is the largest producer and exporter of tea in the world. The ideal climatic conditions for the production and growing of tea are as follows: temperature- 21°C to 29°C and 150-250 cm of rainfall. Hence, D is the correct option.
9. The Ganga delta region is suitable for Jute cultivation due to the rich fertile _______ and favourable temperature and rainfall.
A. alluvium soil
B. black soil
C. loamy soil
D. laterite soil
Explanation: Jute is an important natural fibre. The share of Ganga delta contributes for about 85% of the World-wide Jute cultivation. The Ganga delta region is suitable for Jute cultivation due to the rich fertile alluvium soil and favourable temperature and rainfall.
10. Consider the following
I. The ideal climatic conditions for the production and growing of cotton are required temperature of 21-30 degree Celsius and 50-100cm rainfall.
II. Black soil is the ideal soil for the production and growing of Cotton.
Which of the above statement (s) is/are correct about the cotton cultivation?
A. Only I
B. Only II
C. Both I and II
D. Neither I nor II
Explanation: The ideal conditions for the production of cotton are:
(a) Climate: Cotton grows well in warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil.
(b)Temperature: Cotton grown well in a temperature of 24°C. But cotton bursts out, high temperature is injurious.
(c)Rainfall: 60-100 cm rainfall is essential for the cultivation of cotton.
(d)Soil: Loamy soil mixed with lime and potash is good for cotton. Cotton grows well in Black Cotton Soil which is sticky in nature and has water retentive capacity.