GK Questions and Answers on Plantation Crops in India
The term plantation crop refers to those crops which are cultivated on an extensive scale in a contiguous area, owned and managed by an individual or a company. Plantations provide the silver lining to our agriculture, with a high level of productivity and employment, apart from their catalyzing contributions towards rural development. It generates considerable foreign exchange earnings by way of export. Check below 10 GK questions and answers on Plantation crops to check your knowledge on the topic.
1. Which of the following state is the largest producer of tea in India?
C. West Bengal
D. Tamil Nadu
Explanation: India is one of the largest producers of tea in the world. Approximately 52% of the total tea produced in India comes from the state of Assam. West Bengal comes at the second position in the list of tea-producing states. Tamil Nadu comes at third place in the list of tea-producing states. Hence, B is the correct option.
2. Which of the following plantation crop produces in India are produced in excess of its demand?
Explanation: India is the second-largest producer of tea in the world after China. India stands 4th position in terms of export of tea. Hence, A is the correct option.
3. The Barak Valley of Assam is famous for the cultivation of which crop?
A. Oil palm
Explanation: The Barak Valley is located in the southern region of the Indian state of Assam. Soils of sugarcane growing areas in Cachar and Karimganj districts in the Barak valley of Assam have silty loam to clayey soils. Hence, C is the correct option.
4. Which of the following Indian State is the largest producer of rubber?
A. Tamil Nadu
B. Andhra Pradesh
Explanation: India is one of the largest producers of rubber in the World. Kerala is the largest producer of rubber in India. An estimated 60,000 hectares of land is now under rubber cultivation, and in the next five years, the area under the "liquid gold" cultivation would be doubled. Hence, D is the correct option.
5. Which of the following state is not known for the production of cardamom?
D. Tamil Nadu
Explanation: Cardamom cultivation is concentrated on the Western Ghats in the country; and the Western
Ghats are also known as “Cardamom Hills”. In 2012-13, as per provisional trade estimates, India's production is
around 12,000 MT.
Following states are the major producers of cardamom in India:
1. Kerala – 70%
2. Karnataka – 20%
3. Tamil Nadu – 10%
6. Which of the following Indian state is popularly known as 'Garden of Spices'?
C. Andhra Pradesh
D. Tamil Nadu
Explanation: Kerala is referred to as the spice garden of India as it has a variety of spices and is popular in the entire world. Black pepper, Cinnamon, Turmeric, Cardamom, ginger, and nutmeg are the major spices grown in Kerala. Hence, B is the correct option.
7. The Green Gold revolution is related to the_______.
Explanation: The “green gold” revolution is the name given to the promotion and trade of bamboo to bring about a quantum jump in the economic growth of the Northeastern states of India. Hence, C is the correct option.
8. The tea plantation requires rainfall of______.
A. 50-150 cm
B. 200- 400 cm
C. 250-300 cm
D. 150-250 cm
Explanation: India is the largest producer and exporter of tea in the world. The ideal climatic conditions for the production and growing of tea are as follows: temperature- 21°C to 29°C and 150-250 cm of rainfall. Hence, D is the correct option.
9. The Ganga delta region is suitable for Jute cultivation due to the rich fertile _______ and favourable temperature and rainfall.
A. alluvium soil
B. black soil
C. red soil
D. laterite soil
Explanation: Jute is an important natural fibre. The share of the Ganga delta contributes for about 85% of the Worldwide Jute cultivation. The Ganga delta region is suitable for Jute cultivation due to the rich fertile alluvium soil and favourable temperature and rainfall.
10. Which of the following statement is correct about cotton cultivation?
A. The ideal climatic conditions for the production and growing of cotton are the required temperatures of 21-30 degrees Celsius and 50-100 cm rainfall.
B. Black soil is the ideal soil for the production and growing of Cotton.
C. Both A and B
D. Neither A nor B
Explanation: The ideal conditions for the production of cotton are:
(a) Climate: Cotton grows well in warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil.
(b)Temperature: Cotton grown well in a temperature of 24°C. But cotton bursts out, high temperature is injurious.
(c)Rainfall: 60-100 cm rainfall is essential for the cultivation of cotton.
(d)Soil: Loamy soil mixed with lime and potash is good for cotton. Cotton grows well in Black Cotton Soil which is sticky in nature and has water retentive capacity.