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Indian Constitution: Parts, Schedules and Articles at a Glance

13-SEP-2016 17:32

    World's lengthiest written constitution had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules at the time of commencement. Now Constitution of India has 448 articles in 25 parts and 12 schedules. There are 101 amendments have been made in the Indian constitution.

    Indian Constitution: Important Amendments at a Glance

    The Parts of the Indian Constitution are given below:-


    Subject Matter

    Articles Covered


    The Union and its territory

    1 to 4



    5 to 11


    Fundamental Rights

    12 to 35


    Directive Principles of State Policy

    36 to 51


    Fundamental Duties



    The Union Government

    52 to 151

    Chapter I - The Executive

    52 to 78

    Chapter II - Parliament

    79 to 122

    Chapter III - Legislative Powers of President


    Chapter IV - The Union Judiciary

    124 to 147

    Chapter V - Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

    148 to 151


    The State Governments

    152 to 237

    Chapter I - General


    Chapter II - The Executive

    153 to 167

    Chapter III - The State Legislature

    168 to 212

    Chapter IV - Legislative Powers of Governor


    Chapter V - The High Courts

    214 to 232

    Chapter VI - Subordinate Courts

    233 to 237


    The Union Territories

    239 to 242


    The Panchayats

    243 to 243-O


    The Municipalities

    243-P to 243-ZG


    The Co-operative Societies

    243-ZH to 243-ZT


    The Scheduled and Tribal Areas

    244 to 244-A


    Relations between the Union and the States

    245 to 263

    Chapter I - Legislative Relations

    245 to 255

    Chapter II - Administrative Relations

    256 to 263


    Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits

    264 to 300-A

    Chapter I - Finance

    264 to 291

    Chapter II - Borrowing

    292 to 293

    Chapter III - Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities, Obligations and Suits

    294 to 300

    Cpapter IV - Right to Property



    Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India

    301 to 307


    Services under the Union and the States

    308 to 323

    Chapter I - Services

    308 to 314

    Chapter II - Public Service Commissions

    315 to 323



    323-A to 323-B



    324 to 329-A


    Special Provisions relating to Certain Classes

    330 to 342


    Official Language

    343 to 351

    Chapter I - Language of the Union

    343 to 344

    Chapter II - Regional Languages

    345 to 347

    Chapter III-Language of the Supreme Court, High Courts, and so on

    348 to 349


    Chapter IV-Special Directives

    350 to 351


    Emergency Provisions

    352 to 360



    361 to 367


    Amendment of the Constitution



    Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions

    369 to 392


    Short title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals

    393 to 395

    NOTE: Part VII ( dealing with Part - B states) was deleted by the 7th Amendment Act (1956). On the other hand, both Part IV - A and Part XIV - A were added by the 42nd Amendment Act (1976), while Part OX-A was added by the 74th Amendment Act (1992), and Part IX-B was added by the 97th Amendment Act (2011).

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    The schedules of the Indian constitution are given below:-


     Subject Matter

    First Schedule

    1. Names of the States and their territorial jurisdiction.

    2. Names of the Union Territories and their extent.

    Second Schedule

     Provisions relating to the emoluments, allowances, privileges and so on of:

    1. The President of India

    2. The Governors of States

    3. The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha

    4. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha

    5. The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly in the states

    6. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council in the states

    7. The Judges of the Supreme Court

    8. The Judges of the High Courts

    9. The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

    Third Schedule

    Forms of Oaths or Affirmations for:

    1. The Union ministers

    2. The candidates for election to the Parliament

    3. The members of Parliament

    4. The judges of the Supreme Court

    5. The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

    6. The state ministers

    7. The candidates for election to the state legislature

    8. The members of the state legislature

    9. The judges of the High Courts

    Fourth Schedule

    Allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha to the states and the union territories.

    Fifth Schedule

    Provisions relating to the administration and control of scheduled areas and scheduled  tribes.

    Sixth Schedule

    Provisions relating to the administration of tribal areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

    Seventh Schedule

    Division of powers between the Union and the States in terms of List I (Union List), List II (State List) and List III (Concurrent List). Presently, the Union List contains 100 subjects (originally 97), the state list contains 61 subjects (originally 66) and the concurrent list contains 52 subjects (originally 47).

    Eighth Schedule

    Languages recognized by the Constitution. Originally, it had 14 languages but presently there are 22 languages. They are: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri (Dongri), Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Mathili (Maithili), Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu. Sindhi was added by the 21st Amendment Act of 1967; Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were added by the 71 st Amendment Act of 1992; and Bodo, Dongri, Maithili and Santhali were added by the 92nd Amendment Act of 2003.

    Ninth Schedule

    Acts and Regulations (originally 13 but presently 282) 19 of the state legislatures dealing with land reforms and abolition of the zamindari system and of the. Parliament dealing with other matters. This schedule was added by the 1st Amendment (1951) to protect the laws included in it from judicial scrutiny on the ground of violation of fundamental rights. However, in 2007, the Supreme Court ruled that the laws included in this schedule after April 24, 1973, are now open to judicial review.

    Tenth Schedule

    Provisions relating to disqualification of the members of Parliament and State Legislatures on the ground of defection. This schedule was added by the 52nd Amendment Act of 1985, also known as Anti-defection Law.

    Eleventh Schedule

    Specifies the powers, authority and responsibilities ofPanchayats. It has 29 matters. This schedule was added by the 73rd Amendment Act of 1992.

    Twelfth Schedule

    Specifies the powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities. It has 18 matters. This schedule was added by the 74th Amendment Act of 1992.

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