Individual Satyagarh was the resultant of August offer. It was started with the mass Civil Disobedience Movement but M.K Gandhi on Individual Satyagarh. This was movement for not only to seek independence but also to affirm the right of Speech. The Congress once again asked Gandhi to take command towards the end of 1940 and that was lead to a mass struggle with broad strategic perspective.
Aims of individual Satyagraha
• To show that nationalist patience was not due to weakness
• To express people’s feeling that they were not interested in the war and that they made no distinction between Nazism and the double autocracy that ruled India.
• To give another opportunity to the Government to accept Congress’s demands peacefully.
The demand of the Satyagrahi was using freedom of Speech against the war through an anti-war declaration. If government did not arrest the Satyagrahi, he or she will move repeating it in villages and start march towards Delhi (“Delhi Chalo Movement”).The centrepiece of Individual Satyagraha was non-violence which could be achieved only selecting the Satyagrahis. Acharya Vinoba Bhave, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru and Brahma Dutt were the first, second and third the selected Satyagarhi respectively.
Hence, Individual Satyagarh was the outcome of August Offer to adhere the taste of freedom and was movement for not only to seek independence but also to affirm the right of Speech.
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