List of comparison between Himalayan and the Peninsular Rivers of India

23-DEC-2016 11:37

    India is a land of rivers because it is drained by more than 400 big and small rivers. The Indian Drainage System can be divided into two broad categories on the basis of origin i.e. Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers. Here we are giving a list of comparison between Himalayan and the Peninsular Rivers of India that will enhance the general knowledge of aspirants of different examinations.


    Himalayan rivers are perennial and come from high altitude with high speed, and have large and deep courses. Indus, Ganga, and Brahmaputra is the main rivers of the Himalaya Rivers System. Peninsular Rivers are broad, stable and flow through shallow valleys. Narmada, Tapi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery and Mahanadi is the main Peninsular Rivers. The list of comparison between Himalayan and the Peninsular River of India is given below:

    List of comparison between Himalayan and the Peninsular River of India


    Himalayan Rivers

    Peninsular Rivers

    Place of origin

    Himalayan mountains (covered with glaciers).

    Pre-Cambrian Peninsular plateau and central highland.

    Nature of flow

    Perennial; receive water from glacier and rainfall.

    Seasonal; dependent on monsoon rainfall.

    Drainage Pattern

    Antecedent (Older than Himalaya). For example- Indus, Brahmaputra etc.

    Non-antecedent (Younger than Himalaya) For example- Ganga, Yamuna, Jhelum etc.

    Most of the rivers of peninsular India super imposed, rejuvenated resulting in trellis, radial, and rectangular patterns.

    Nature of river

    Long course, flowing through the rugged mountains experiencing head ward erosion and river capturing; In plains, meandering and shifting off course.

    Smaller, fixed course with well adjusted valleys.

    Catchment area

    Big catchment area

    Smaller catchment area

    Age of the river

    Young and youthful, active and deepening in the valleys

    Old rivers with graded profile, and have almost reached their base levels.

    In India, water mainly drains in two directions, i.e. East (Bay of Bengal) and West (Arabian Sea). In the above list of comparisons between the rivers of Indian Drainage System- Himalayan and the Peninsular Rivers will gives a new platform to enhance the general knowledge of aspirant during their preparation of different competitive examinations.

    Drainage System of India

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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