List of foreign travellers who visited the Vijayanagara Empire

From Ancient to Modern Indian History, Indian subcontinent encounter by foreign travellers and some of them left valuable accounts of their travels. These foreign accounts gave us a valuable objective document that will help us to understand the social-political-economic condition of a particular era. These travellers account cannot be understood without knowing their perception of writing. Here, we are giving the list of famous travellers who visited India during reign of different rulers of Vijayanagar Empire.
Created On: May 29, 2014 16:24 IST
Modified On: Apr 25, 2017 17:55 IST

From Ancient to Modern Indian History, Indian subcontinent encounter by foreign travellers and some of them left valuable accounts of their travels. These foreign accounts gave us a valuable objective document that will help us to understand the social-political-economic condition of a particular era. These travellers account cannot be understood without knowing their perception of writing. Here, we are giving the list of famous travellers who visited India during reign of different rulers of Vijayanagar Empire.

 Vijayanagara Kingdom

Foreign Travellers visited Vijayanagar Kingdom

1. Abu Abdullah/lbn Batuta

 ibn battuta

He was from Morocco, who travel thirty years of his life from North Africa, West Africa, Southern Europe and Eastern Europe in the West, to the Middle East, Indian subcontinent, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and East China. He left an account of Harihara I’s reign in his book Rehla (Tuhfat-un- Nuzzar fi Gharaib UL-Amsar WA Ajaib-UL-Assar).

2. Nicolo de Conti

 niccolo de conti

Source: m2.paperblog.com

He was Italian merchant, scholar, and a traveller who visited the Vijaynagar Kingdom during the time of Dev Raya II. He left an account in the Travels of Nicolo Conti.

3. Abdur Razzaq

 Abdur Razzaq

Source: upload.wikimedia.org

He was a Persian, Timurid chronicler and a scholar who visited the Vijaynagar Kingdom at the time of Dev Raya II as an ambassador of Shah Rukh, the Timurid dynasty ruler of Persia. He gives an account of the reign of Devaraya II in his Matla as Sadain Wa Majma ul Bahrain.

4. Athanasius Nikitin

 Athanasius Nikitin

Source: russiapedia.rt.com

He was a first Russian traveller and merchant who visited India. He described the conditions of the Bahamani kingdom under Muhammad III in his Voyage to India.

5. Ludvico de Vorthema

 Ludvico de Vorthema

Source: www.loc.gov

He was Italian merchant and traveller who visited India and left his memoirs in Travels in Egypt, India, Syria, etc. He was the first Christian to make the holy pilgrimage to Mecca.

6. Duarte Barbosa

 Duarte Barbosa

Source: s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com

He was Portuguese Writer, scrivener and explorer who had given a vivid account of Vijaynagara governance under Krishna Deva Raya in his book i.e. An Account of Countries Bordering the Indian Ocean and their Inhabitants.

7. Dominigo Paes  

 Dominigo Paes

Source: s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com

He was Portuguese merchant, writer and explorer who visited India and gave most detailed accounts of all historic descriptions of ancient city Hampi which was governed by Vijaynagar Empire under Krishna Deva Raya.

8. Fernao Nuniz

 Fernao Nuniz

Source: ak.jogurucdn.com

He was Portuguese traveller, chronicler and horse trader who visited India during reign of Achyutaraya and who spent three years in Vijayanagara. He gave detailed account on the history of Vijaynagar especially the foundation of the city, the subsequent careers of three dynasties of rulers, and the battles that they fought with the Deccan sultans and Orissan Rayas. He also mentions cultural aspects of the empire and admire the jewels worn of women as well as how women were appointed in the King's service.

9. Marco Polo

 Marco Polo

Source: www.biography.com

He was merchant, traveller and chronicler from the republic of Venice. He is the only traveller who got same stretcher of Ibn Batuta (Greatest medieval Travellers). During his arrival, he was very surprise to found tailors or seamstresses but failed to get a coat made for him.

List of Foreign Travellers visited Vijayanagar Kingdom

Name   of Travellers

Place they came from   

Abu Abdullah/lbn Batuta

Morocco

Nicolo de Conti

Italy

Abdur Razzaq

Persia

Athanasius Nikitin

Russia

Ludvico de Vorthema

Italy

Duarte Barbosa

Portugal

Dominigo Paes

Portugal

Fernao Nuniz

Portugal

Marco Polo

Republic of Venice

In the above detail list of foreign travellers who visited Vijaynagar Kingdom and some of them left their account on that basis the socio-cultural and political conditions can also be understandable.

Cultural History Vijaynagar Empire: Architecture, Literature & Art