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List of foreign travellers who visited the Vijayanagara Empire

29-MAY-2014 16:24

    From Ancient to Modern Indian History, Indian subcontinent encounter by foreign travellers and some of them left valuable accounts of their travels. These foreign accounts gave us a valuable objective document that will help us to understand the social-political-economic condition of a particular era. These travellers account cannot be understood without knowing their perception of writing. Here, we are giving the list of famous travellers who visited India during reign of different rulers of Vijayanagar Empire.

     Vijayanagara Kingdom

    Foreign Travellers visited Vijayanagar Kingdom

    1. Abu Abdullah/lbn Batuta

     ibn battuta

    He was from Morocco, who travel thirty years of his life from North Africa, West Africa, Southern Europe and Eastern Europe in the West, to the Middle East, Indian subcontinent, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and East China. He left an account of Harihara I’s reign in his book Rehla (Tuhfat-un- Nuzzar fi Gharaib UL-Amsar WA Ajaib-UL-Assar).

    2. Nicolo de Conti

     niccolo de conti

    Source: m2.paperblog.com

    He was Italian merchant, scholar, and a traveller who visited the Vijaynagar Kingdom during the time of Dev Raya II. He left an account in the Travels of Nicolo Conti.

    3. Abdur Razzaq

     Abdur Razzaq

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    He was a Persian, Timurid chronicler and a scholar who visited the Vijaynagar Kingdom at the time of Dev Raya II as an ambassador of Shah Rukh, the Timurid dynasty ruler of Persia. He gives an account of the reign of Devaraya II in his Matla as Sadain Wa Majma ul Bahrain.

    4. Athanasius Nikitin

     Athanasius Nikitin

    Source: russiapedia.rt.com

    He was a first Russian traveller and merchant who visited India. He described the conditions of the Bahamani kingdom under Muhammad III in his Voyage to India.

    5. Ludvico de Vorthema

     Ludvico de Vorthema

    Source: www.loc.gov

    He was Italian merchant and traveller who visited India and left his memoirs in Travels in Egypt, India, Syria, etc. He was the first Christian to make the holy pilgrimage to Mecca.

    6. Duarte Barbosa

     Duarte Barbosa

    Source: s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com

    He was Portuguese Writer, scrivener and explorer who had given a vivid account of Vijaynagara governance under Krishna Deva Raya in his book i.e. An Account of Countries Bordering the Indian Ocean and their Inhabitants.

    7. Dominigo Paes  

     Dominigo Paes

    Source: s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com

    He was Portuguese merchant, writer and explorer who visited India and gave most detailed accounts of all historic descriptions of ancient city Hampi which was governed by Vijaynagar Empire under Krishna Deva Raya.

    8. Fernao Nuniz

     Fernao Nuniz

    Source: ak.jogurucdn.com

    He was Portuguese traveller, chronicler and horse trader who visited India during reign of Achyutaraya and who spent three years in Vijayanagara. He gave detailed account on the history of Vijaynagar especially the foundation of the city, the subsequent careers of three dynasties of rulers, and the battles that they fought with the Deccan sultans and Orissan Rayas. He also mentions cultural aspects of the empire and admire the jewels worn of women as well as how women were appointed in the King's service.

    9. Marco Polo

     Marco Polo

    Source: www.biography.com

    He was merchant, traveller and chronicler from the republic of Venice. He is the only traveller who got same stretcher of Ibn Batuta (Greatest medieval Travellers). During his arrival, he was very surprise to found tailors or seamstresses but failed to get a coat made for him.

    List of Foreign Travellers visited Vijayanagar Kingdom

    Name   of Travellers

    Place they came from   

    Abu Abdullah/lbn Batuta


    Nicolo de Conti


    Abdur Razzaq


    Athanasius Nikitin


    Ludvico de Vorthema


    Duarte Barbosa


    Dominigo Paes


    Fernao Nuniz


    Marco Polo

    Republic of Venice

    In the above detail list of foreign travellers who visited Vijaynagar Kingdom and some of them left their account on that basis the socio-cultural and political conditions can also be understandable.

    Cultural History Vijaynagar Empire: Architecture, Literature & Art

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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