List of Scientific Names of Animals and Birds

25-NOV-2016 18:17

    For better communication, classification of the animals and birds names into scientific name is important as it is informative and necessary. It is also known as 'binomial nomenclature'.  In 1973 Carl Linnaeus, a practical Swedish biologist classified species into two names, one is genus and other is a specific name. Like Homo sapiens, which stands for humans. In this homo is genus and sapiens is a specific name.

    Therefore, to recognize easily zoological names are written in a standard form. Rules for writing it are as follows:

    - The genus name is written first and always starts with the capital letter.

    - The specific is the second name, starts with the lower-case letter. In this way we can see the hierarchy between genus and species.

    - Basically the genus and specific name are written in italics to distinguish it from surrounding text.

    - All the letters of alphabets are used in writing names i.e. 26 letters.

    - Gaps, accents, apostrophes, hyphens (except rare instances) and numbers are not used.

    - We can also write scientific names like H. sapiens i.e. genus name can be abbreviated and specific name should be written in full.

    - Also, the names of higher-ranking groups like families or orders always begin with a capital but are not italicized.

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    Below is the list of the animals and birds with scientific names which are useful for the various competitive exams and academic exams also.

    Animals & Birds

    Scientific Names


    Bos gaurus

    Black buck

    Antelope cervicapra


    Gazella bennettii


    Boselaphus tragocamelus


    Canis lupus


    Panthera leo


    Elephas maximus

    Wild Ass

    Equus africanus asinus

    Leopard or panther

    Panthera pardus

    Kashmir stag or hangul

    Cervus canadensis hanglu


    Pavo cristatus

    Siberian crane

    Grus leucogeranus


    Vulpes vulpes


    Rhinoceros unicornis


    Panthera Tigris


    Crocodylus palustris

    Gavial or Gharial

    Gavialis gangeticus


    Equus caballus


    Equus quagga


    Babalus bubalis

    Wild boar

    Sus scrofa

    Arabian camel

    Camelus dromedaries


    Giraffa camelopardalis

    House wall Lizard

    Hemidactylus flaviviridis


    Hippopotamus amphibius

    Rhesus monkey or baudar

    Macaca mulatta


    Canis lupus familiaris


    Felis domesticus


    Acinonyx jubatus

    Black rat

    Rattus rattus

    House mouse

    Mus musculus


    Oryctolagus cuniculus

    Great horned owl

    Bubo virginianus

    House sparrow

    Passer domesticus

    House crow

    Corvus splendens

    Common myna

    Acridotheres tristis

    Indian parrot

    Psittacula eupatria


    Molpastes cafer


    Eudynamis scolopaccus


    Columba livia

    Indian Cobra

    Naja naja

    King cobra

    Ophiophagus hannah

    Sea snake


    Indian Python (Ajgar)

    Python molurus

    Dhaman or rat snake

    Ptyas mucosa

    Above we have seen some scientific names of animals and birds which will definitely help you in your preparations as now a day’s examination scenario is changing with time. So, it is the necessity to grasp some these types of facts.

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    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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