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Schedule Tribes in India

28-NOV-2015 11:10

    There are about 550 tribes in India. As per 1951 census, 5.6% of the total population of the country was tribal. According to Census-2011, the number of scheduled tribes in India is 10, 42, 81,034. It is 8.6% of the total population of India [As per 2001 Census, it was 8.2% of the total population of India.]. A total of 9, 38, 19,162 people belonging to scheduled tribes reside in rural areas whereas 1, 04, 61,872 people in urban areas.  The scheduled tribes are 11.3% of the total population of rural areas and 2.8% of urban areas. During 2001-2011 the decadal growth rate of the population of India was 17.64%. During this period the decadal growth rate of the scheduled tribes was 23.7%. The decadal growth rate of the scheduled tribes in rural areas was less (21.3%) whereas it was more (49.7%) in urban areas.

    • States and union territories having maximum ratio of scheduled tribes, as per Census-2011 (in descending order)- Lakshadweep (94.8%) > Mizoram (94.4%) > Nagaland (86.5%) >  Meghalaya (86.1%) > Arunachal Pradesh (68.8%). 

    • States and Union territories having minimum ratio of Scheduled tribes, as per Census-2011 (in ascending order)- Uttar Pradesh (0.6%) < Tamil Nadu (1.1%) < Bihar (1.3%) < Kerala  (1.5%) < Uttarakhand (2.9%) [Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi and Puducherry have no population of Scheduled tribes.]

    State-wise Total Population of Scheduled Tribes (in descending order)

    State

    Population of Scheduled

     Tribes (in lakh)

    Percentage of the

    state in the total

     population of Scheduled

    Tribes in the country

    Madhya Pradesh

    152.3

    14.70%

    Maharashtra

    105.3

    10.10%

    Odisha

    95.9

    9.20%

    Rajasthan

    92.8

    8.90%

    Gujarat

    89.6

    8.60%

    Jharkhand

    86.5

    8.30%

    Chhattisgarh

    78.2

    7.50%

    Sex Ratio Scheduled Tribes

    As per Census 2011, the sex ratio in India is 943 whereas it is 990
    in scheduled tribes. The sex ratio of children (0-6 age group) in India is 919 whereas that of it are 957 in scheduled tribes. The sex ratio in scheduled tribes is in favour of females in Goa (1046), Kerala (1025), Arunachal Pradesh (1032), Odisha (1029) and Chhattisgarh (1020). In Jammu and Kashmir (924) the sex ratio in scheduled tribes is the lowest in the country.

    Literacy of Scheduled Tribes

    As per Census 2011, the rate of literacy in India is 72.99% whereas
    that of it in scheduled tribes is 59%. State-wise, the rate of literacy in scheduled tribes is highest in Mizoram (91.7%) and lowest in Andhra Pradesh (49.2%). Among union territories, the highest rate of literacy in scheduled tribes is in Lakshadweep (91.7%).

    Major Tribes in India (State-wise)

    State

    Major Tribes

    Arunachal Pradesh

    Aptani, Mishmi, Daffla, Miri, Aka, Sinpho, Khamti etc.

    Assam

    Chakma, Mikir, Kachari, Bora etc

    Meghalaya

    Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, Hamar etc

    Nagaland

    Angami, Siteng, Serna, Konyak, Lotha etc

    Manipur

    Kuki, Lepcha, Mugh etc

     

    Tripura

    Bhutia, Chakma, Garo, Kuki etc

    Mizoram

    Mizo, Lakher etc

    West Bengal

    Asur, Bhumij, Birhor, Lodha, Lepcha, Magh,
    Mahali, Malpaharia, Polia etc

     

    Jharkhand

     

    Santhal, Paharia, Munda, Ho, Birhor, Oraon,
    Kharia, Tamaria etc

     

    Uttar Pradesh &  Uttarakhand

    Tharu, Bhatia, Jaunsari, Bhoksha, Raji, Khasa,
    Bhuia, Kharwar, Manjhi, Kol etc

     

    Odisha

    Zuang, Sawara, Karia, Khond, Kandh etc

     

    Madhya Pradesh  and Chhattisgarh

    Hill Maria, Muria, Dandami, Gond, Baiga. Parja,
    Bhattra, Agaria, Bhil, Saharia. Korwa, Halba etc

    Himachal Pradesh

    Gaddi, Gujjar, Kinnar etc

    Jammu & Kashmir

    Gaddi, Bakarwal etc

     

    Rajasthan

    Bhil, Meena. Kathoria, Garasia etc

     

    Andhra Pradesh  and Telangana

     

    Chenchu, Yandai, Kurumba, Khond, Bagdaz,

    Koya, Bagata, Gadaba etc

     

    Kerala

     

    Irula, Kurumba, Kadar, Puliyan etc

    Tamil Nadu

     

    Toda, Kota, Kurumba, Badaga etc

    Andaman & Nicobar

    Great Andamanese, Nicobarese, Onge, Jarawa,
    Shompen, Sentenalese etc.

     

     

     

    Percentage of the state

    State

    Population of

    in the total population

     

    Scheduled Tribes

    of Scheduled Tribes

     

    (in lakh)

    in the country

    Madhya Pradesh

    152.3

    14.7%

    Maharashtra

    105.3

    10.1%

    Odisha

    95.9

    9.2%

    Rajasthan

    92.8

    8.9%

    Gujarat

    89.6

    8.6%

    Jharkhand

    86.5

    8.3%

    Chhattisgarh

    78.2

    7.5%

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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