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Schedule Tribes in India

 As per 1951 census, 5.6% of the total population of the country was tribal. According to Census-2011, the number of scheduled tribes in India is 10, 42, 81,034. It is 8.6% of the total population of India. A total of 9, 38, 19,162 people belonging to scheduled tribes reside in rural areas whereas 1, 04, 61,872 people in urban areas.  The scheduled tribes are 11.3% of the total population of rural areas and 2.8% of urban areas. There are about 550 tribes in India.
Oct 9, 2019 19:23 IST
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There are about 550 tribes in India. As per 1951 census, 5.6% of the total population of the country was tribal. According to Census-2011, the number of scheduled tribes in India is 10, 42, 81,034. It is 8.6% of the total population of India [As per 2001 Census, it was 8.2% of the total population of India.]. A total of 9, 38, 19,162 people belonging to scheduled tribes reside in rural areas whereas 1, 04, 61,872 people in urban areas.  The scheduled tribes are 11.3% of the total population of rural areas and 2.8% of urban areas. During 2001-2011 the decadal growth rate of the population of India was 17.64%. During this period the decadal growth rate of the scheduled tribes was 23.7%. The decadal growth rate of the scheduled tribes in rural areas was less (21.3%) whereas it was more (49.7%) in urban areas.

• States and union territories having maximum ratio of scheduled tribes, as per Census-2011 (in descending order)- Lakshadweep (94.8%) > Mizoram (94.4%) > Nagaland (86.5%) >  Meghalaya (86.1%) > Arunachal Pradesh (68.8%). 

• States and Union territories having minimum ratio of Scheduled tribes, as per Census-2011 (in ascending order)- Uttar Pradesh (0.6%) < Tamil Nadu (1.1%) < Bihar (1.3%) < Kerala  (1.5%) < Uttarakhand (2.9%) [Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi and Puducherry have no population of Scheduled tribes.]

State-wise Total Population of Scheduled Tribes (in descending order)

State

Population of Scheduled

 Tribes (in lakh)

Percentage of the

state in the total

 population of Scheduled

Tribes in the country

Madhya Pradesh

152.3

14.70%

Maharashtra

105.3

10.10%

Odisha

95.9

9.20%

Rajasthan

92.8

8.90%

Gujarat

89.6

8.60%

Jharkhand

86.5

8.30%

Chhattisgarh

78.2

7.50%

Sex Ratio Scheduled Tribes

As per Census 2011, the sex ratio in India is 943 whereas it is 990
in scheduled tribes. The sex ratio of children (0-6 age group) in India is 919 whereas that of it are 957 in scheduled tribes. The sex ratio in scheduled tribes is in favour of females in Goa (1046), Kerala (1025), Arunachal Pradesh (1032), Odisha (1029) and Chhattisgarh (1020). In Jammu and Kashmir (924) the sex ratio in scheduled tribes is the lowest in the country.

Literacy of Scheduled Tribes

As per Census 2011, the rate of literacy in India is 72.99% whereas
that of it in scheduled tribes is 59%. State-wise, the rate of literacy in scheduled tribes is highest in Mizoram (91.7%) and lowest in Andhra Pradesh (49.2%). Among union territories, the highest rate of literacy in scheduled tribes is in Lakshadweep (91.7%).

Major Tribes in India (State-wise)

State

Major Tribes

Arunachal Pradesh

Aptani, Mishmi, Daffla, Miri, Aka, Sinpho, Khamti etc.

Assam

Chakma, Mikir, Kachari, Bora etc

Meghalaya

Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, Hamar etc

Nagaland

Angami, Konyak, Lotha etc

Manipur

Kuki, Lepcha, Mugh etc

 

Tripura

Bhutia, Chakma, Garo, Kuki etc

Mizoram

Mizo, Lakher etc

West Bengal

Asur, Bhumij, Birhor, Lodha, Lepcha, Magh,
Mahali, Malpaharia, Polia etc

 

Jharkhand

 

Santhal, Paharia, Munda, Ho, Birhor, Oraon,
Kharia, Tamaria etc

 

Uttar Pradesh &  Uttarakhand

Tharu, Bhatia, Jaunsari, Bhoksha, Raji, Khasa,
Bhuia, Kharwar, Manjhi, Kol etc

 

Odisha

Zuang, Sawara, Karia, Khond, Kandh etc

 

Madhya Pradesh  and Chhattisgarh

Hill Maria, Muria, Dandami, Gond, Baiga. Parja,
Bhattra, Agaria, Bhil, Saharia. Korwa, Halba etc

Himachal Pradesh

Gaddi, Gujjar, Kinnar etc

Jammu & Kashmir

Gaddi, Bakarwal etc

 

Rajasthan

Bhil, Meena. Kathoria, Garasia etc

 

Andhra Pradesh  and Telangana

 

Chenchu, Yandai, Kurumba, Khond, Bagdaz,

Koya, Bagata, Gadaba etc

 

Kerala

 

Irula, Kurumba, Kadar, Puliyan etc

Tamil Nadu

 

Toda, Kota, Kurumba, Badaga etc

Andaman & Nicobar

Great Andamanese, Nicobarese, Onge, Jarawa,
Shompen, Sentenalese etc.

 

 

 

Percentage of the state

State

Population of

in the total population

 

Scheduled Tribes

of Scheduled Tribes

 

(in lakh)

in the country

Madhya Pradesh

152.3

14.7%

Maharashtra

105.3

10.1%

Odisha

95.9

9.2%

Rajasthan

92.8

8.9%

Gujarat

89.6

8.6%

Jharkhand

86.5

8.3%

Chhattisgarh

78.2

7.5%