Air pollution is one of the biggest environmental challenges of today's world. According to the World Health Organisation, India is home to the world’s fourteen (14) most polluted cities. The Government of India launched National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) as a time bound national level strategy for pan India implemented to tackle the increasing air pollution problem across the country.
What is National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)?
It is medium term national level strategy to tackle the increasing air pollution problem across the country in a comprehensive manner. It focuses on collaborative and participatory approach covering all sources of pollution and coordination between relevant Central Ministries, State Governments, local bodies and other stakeholders. In order to ensure use of new technologies to combat the rising challenge of air pollution in India, a separate component on ‘Technology Assessment Cell’ has been envisaged under NCAP to evaluate the technologies for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.” The tentative national level target of 20%–30% reduction of PM2.5 and PM10 concentration by 2024 is proposed under the NCAP taking 2017 as the base year for the comparison of concentration.
Objectives of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)
1. To augment and evolve effective and proficient ambient air quality monitoring network across the country for ensuring comprehensive and reliable database
2. To have efficient data dissemination and public outreach mechanism for timely measures for prevention and mitigation of air pollution and for inclusive public participation in both planning and implementation of the programmes and policies of government on air pollution
3. To have feasible management plan for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.
How is the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) implemented?
As we know that the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) is a comprehensive programme for the mitigation of the prevention, control and abatement of air pollution besides augmenting the air quality monitoring network across the country and strengthening the awareness and capacity building activities. The processes of implementation of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) are given below:
1. The NCAP will be launched through the Smart Cities Program. City specific action plans are being formulated for 102 non-attainment cities identified for implementing mitigation actions under NCAP.
2. The NCAP will be institutionalized by respective ministries and will be organized through inter-sectoral groups, which include, Ministry of Road Transport and Highway, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Ministry of Heavy Industry, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health, NITI Aayog, CPCB, experts from the industry, academia, and civil society.
3. The NCAP will be partner with multilateral and bilateral international organizations, and philanthropic foundations and leading technical institutions to achieve its outcomes.