Jagran Josh Logo
  1. Home
  2. |  
  3. Civil Services|  

IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 2 January 2018

Jan 2, 2018 18:01 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 2 January 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 2 January 2018

    The IAS aspirants should rely on the authentic sources which provide a concrete study material for various stages of IAS Exam. We are continuously proving study materials either for IAS Prelims or IAS Mains Exam which can effectively help IAS aspirants during IAS preparation.

    We choose the better reliable sources for IAS preparation while creating content or practice questions for IAS Exam. Here, we have created current affairs questions for IAS Prelims Exam 2018 based on the issues recently published on PIB and The Hindu.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. BHARAT-22 Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) was launched by Government of India on 14 November 2017. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The objective of BHARAT 22 ETF is to invest in constituents (22 companies) of S & P BSE Bharat 22 Index and endeavour to provide returns before expenses.
    2. It was launched to benefit long-term and retail investors by providing an opportunity for participation in equity stocks of the Government run companies and earn stable returns.
    3. The New Fund Offer (NFO) of BHARAT 22 Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) (scheme) was launched from 14th November 2017 to 17th November 2017 as a part of Government of India (GOI) disinvestment programme.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Government has launched Rs.14,500 crore through BHARAT 22 ETF. The Government has launched the Bharat-22 Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) to benefit long-term and retail investors by providing an opportunity for participation in equity stocks of the Government run companies and earn stable returns. The New Fund Offer (NFO) of BHARAT 22 Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) (scheme) was launched from 14th November 2017 to 17th November 2017 as a part of Government of India (GOI) disinvestment programme. GOI has offered 3% discount to all investors of the reference market price during New Fund Offer (NFO).

    The objective of BHARAT 22 ETF is to invest in constituents (22 companies) of S & P BSE Bharat 22 Index and endeavour to provide returns before expenses, which closely correspond to the total returns of S & P BSE Bharat 22 Index, subject to the usual elements of market risk.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. Recently, the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has updated the list of species that were marked as “EXTINCT”. Consider the following statements regarding such species:
    1. Christmas Island Pipistrelle, a small bat found exclusively on Christmas Island, Australia was listed as critically endangered during 2017, predation, loss of habitat and diseases were pointed out as causes for its extinction.
    2. The number of Western Ringtail Possum has declined by almost 80 per cent in the past 10 years and Australia’s increasingly dry and hot climate has led to its dramatic decline.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Here are the red lists of species updated by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature)

    Extinct species

    Christmas Island Pipistrelle: This small bat found exclusively on Christmas Island, Australia was listed as critically endangered last year. Predation, loss of habitat, and diseases were pointed out as causes for its extinction.

    Christmas Island Whiptail-skink: Another species endemic to Christmas Island, this lizard went extinct this year. Non-native predators and insecticide poisoning drove it over the edge.

    Christmas Island chained gekho: The species is listed as extinct in the wild, which means it is now found only in a captive breeding programme. Gunthers Dwarf Burrowing skink: Though no record of the skink has been made for more than 125 years, this native of South Africa was officially confirmed to be extinct only this year.

    Critically endangered category list

    Western Ringtail Possum: The number of this species has declined by almost 80 per cent in the past 10 years. Australia’s increasingly dry and hot climate has led to its dramatic decline.

    Yellow-breasted Bunting: Loss of roosting site and use of pesticides are major causes of their its decline.

    Plains Wanderer: Exposure to pesticides, habitat loss, predation by foxes have all affected the survival of this small quail-like bird

    Green Poison Frog, Perret's Toad, and Rose's Mountain Toad are also listed as critically endangered.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. Recently, scientists have discovered two new ant species of the genus Tetramorium in the evergreen forests of the archipelago located in which of the following Islands of India?
    a. Andaman Island
    b. Barren Island
    c. Majuli Island
    d. Diu Island

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    There's more to the Andamans than magical beaches and colourful corals. Scientists have discovered two new ant species of the genus Tetramorium in the evergreen forests of the archipelago.

    Scientists of the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bengaluru and the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Japan have discovered the new species Tetramorium krishnani and Tetramorium Jarawa during a detailed island-wide survey of Havelock Island, a part of the Andaman archipelago. The species are named in honour of late scientist K.S. Krishnan of the NCBS, and after the Jarawas, an indigenous people of the islands, who are thought to have inhabited the islands for at least several thousand years.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. Researchers from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia have identified special genes, called retrotransposons, which could help the algae adapt more rapidly to heat stress. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. Scientists have identified a gene that improves the heat tolerance of the algae that live symbiotically with coral species, and could potentially help the corals adapt to some warming.
    2. Symbiodinium is a unicellular algae that provides its coral host with photosynthetic products in return for nutrients and shelter.
    3. High sea temperatures can cause coral bleaching.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Researchers from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia have identified special genes, called retrotransposons, which could help the algae adapt more rapidly to heat stress.

    During their study, most genes commonly associated with heat stress were turned off, while a small number of retrotransposons were turned on. The team suggests that the activation and replication of Symbiodinium’s retrotransposons in response to heat stress could lead to a faster evolutionary response, “since producing more mutations increases the chance of generating a beneficial one that allows the symbionts to cope better with this specific stress,” Aranda said.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. Recently, excavations have been carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India at Kesaria Stupa located in which of the following states of India?
    a. Madhya Pradesh
    b. Bihar
    c. Maharashtra
    d. Telangana

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Excavations have been carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India at Lauriya Nandangarh, Lauriya Areraj and Kesaria Stupa from time to time. Rs. 15.00 lakh has been allotted for scientific clearance and preservation of Kesaria stupa during 2017-18. Development work, such as the construction of boundary wall and toilet block at Kesaria is being undertaken. The estimated cost for construction of boundary wall and toilet block is about 1.65 crores and Rs. 55 lakh respectively. The Excavation Branch-III, Patna has been directed to take up further excavations at Kesaria stupa to expose the remaining portion. The said monuments are in good state of preservation. Virar Raman Temple at Kesaria is not a protected monument of ASI.

    IAS Preparation Questions- 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

    Latest Videos

    Register to get FREE updates

      All Fields Mandatory
    • (Ex:9123456789)
    • Please Select Your Interest
    • Please specify

    • ajax-loader
    • A verifcation code has been sent to
      your mobile number

      Please enter the verification code below

    Newsletter Signup
    Follow us on
    This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK
    X

    Register to view Complete PDF