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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 24 January 2018

Jan 24, 2018 14:26 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 24 January 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 24 January 2018

    UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2018 going to be held on 3 June 2018. It is high time to do preparation for IAS Prelims Exam for which we are continuously providing current affairs quizzes for IAS Prelims Exam 2018 so that an IAS aspirant can gain momentum in IAS preparation.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    Here, we have provided current affairs for IAS which will serve as the best practice questions for IAS Prelims Exam 2018.

    1. Recently, the Government has released Central Assistance (CA) of Rs. 246.9 crore for 9 prioritized projects under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) for Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) works. Consider the following statements regarding the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY):
    1. The PMKSY has been devised with the vision of extending the coverage of irrigation ‘Har Khet ko pani’ and improving water use efficiency ‘More crop per drop' in a focused manner with an end to end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.
    2. The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has accorded approval of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) in its meeting held on 1st July 2015.
    3. PMKSY has been formulated amalgamating ongoing schemes viz. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) and the On-Farm Water Management (OFWM).

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 2 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation during last week released Central Assistance (CA) of Rs. 246.9 crore for 9 prioritized projects under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) for Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) works and Rs. 487.80 crore for Command Area Development (CAD) works of 17 projects.

    PMKSY has been formulated amalgamating ongoing schemes viz. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD&GR), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR) and the On Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC). PMKSY has been approved for implementation across the country with an outlay of Rs. 50,000 crore in five years. For 2015-16, an outlay of Rs.5300 crore has been made which includes Rs. 1800 crore for DAC; Rs. 1500 crore for DoLR; Rs. 2000 crore for MoWR(Rs. 1000 crore for AIBP; Rs. 1000 crores for PMKSY).

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. Researchers from RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) in Japan have identified a type of moss that can efficiently absorb a large amount of lead, providing a green alternative for decontaminating polluted water and soil. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. Lead-contaminated water is a serious environmental concern that can be removed by a moss (Funaria hygrometrica) and the process is called as phytoremediation.
    2. Earlier, for compounding the problem, the typical way to remove lead or other heavy metals from water requires fossil fuels and a tremendous amount of energy.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    Scientists have identified a type of moss that can efficiently absorb a large amount of lead, providing a green alternative for decontaminating polluted water and soil. Lead-contaminated water is a serious environmental concern that has recently proved to be disastrous when left untreated.

    Compounding the problem, the typical way to remove lead or other heavy metals from water requires fossil fuels and a tremendous amount of energy. As an alternative to these typical processes, phytoremediation is a method that uses photosynthesising organisms to clean up soil or water contamination.

    Researchers from RIKEN Centre for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) in Japan began their search for a phytoremediation-based removal method by looking at a moss (Funaria hygrometrica) that is known to grow well in sites contaminated with metals like copper, zinc, and lead.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. Recently, the Supreme Court has directed the Centre to set up a tribunal within a month to resolve the long-standing dispute between Odisha and Chhattisgarh over the sharing of Mahanadi water. The Mahanadi River flows through which of the following states?
    a. Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha
    b. Chhattisgarh and Odisha
    c. Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Odisha
    d. Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Supreme Court on 23 January 2018 directed the Centre to constitute a tribunal within a month to resolve the long-standing dispute between Odisha and Chhattisgarh over the sharing of Mahanadi water.

    A Bench of Justices S.A. Bobde and L. Nageswara Rao asked the Centre to constitute the tribunal and said that all pending issues can be raised before it. The court, however, refused to grant any stay as sought by Odisha government on the seven pick up weirs across the Mahanadi river, which flows through Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha, before pouring into the Bay of Bengal.

    Senior advocate Mukul Rohatgi, who appeared for Odisha government, said there cannot be any negotiation on the issue and the only way the dispute can be resolved is through the constitution of a tribunal.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. Recently, the Inclusive Development Index 2018 was released. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements.
    1. The index was released by the World Economic Forum.
    2. The index placed India at the 62nd position.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    The World Economic Forum (WEF) on 23 January 2018 released the Inclusive Development Index 2018. The index surveyed 103 advanced and emerging economies across the globe.  Out of the 29 advanced economies Norway topped the list, while among the 74 emerging economies surveyed, Lithuania was declared as the most top performer.

    The index classified India as an emerging economy and placed her at the 62nd position. Compared to her neighbours like Nepal (22nd rank), China (26th rank), Bangladesh (34th rank), Pakistan (47th rank) and Sri Lanka (40th rank), India lagged behind in the index. Among the BRICS nations, Russia was placed in the 19th position, while Brazil and South Africa were given 37th and 69th ranks respectively. The Inclusive Development Index 2017 placed India at the 60th position among the 79 developing economies surveyed.

    The index was calculated on the basis of three parameters. They are growth and development, inclusion and inter-generational equity. India’s ranks 66th for growth and development, 72nd for inclusion, and 44th for inter-generational equity.

    The Inclusive Development Index has also classified the countries into five sub-categories in terms of the five-year trend of their overall Inclusive Development Growth score. The five-categories are receding, slowly receding, stable, slowly advancing and advancing. India, despite its low overall score, is among the ten emerging economies with ‘advancing’ trend. It is a reflection of the positive impact of the initiatives undertaken by the Indian Government for inclusive development in recent years.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. Consider the following statements related to the Protocol for Star Rating of Garbage-Free Cities that was launched recently.
    1. The initiative will rate cities on a 7-star rating system based on multiple cleanliness indicators for solid waste management
    2. A city should be ‘Open Defecation Free’ before it could be given a rating of 3 star or above.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    The Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri, and Goa Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar on 20 January 2018 jointly launched the ‘Protocol for Star Rating of Garbage-Free Cities’ in Goa.

    About the star-rating initiative

    • It was developed as part of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) – Urban. SBM-Urban’s objective of achieving a ‘clean India’ is encapsulated in the vision statement of the star-rating protocol. It states that all cities achieve “Garbage Free” status wherein at any point of time in the day, no garbage or litter is found in any public, commercial or residential locations.

    • It is also called as the SMART rating. It stands for Single metric, Measurable, Achievable, Rigorous verification, Targeted towards outcomes.

    • It will rate cities on a 7-star rating system based on multiple cleanliness indicators for solid waste management.

    • The indicators are door to door collection, bulk generator compliance, source segregation, sweeping, scientific processing of waste, scientific land filling, plastic waste management, construction and demolition management, dump remediation and citizen grievance redressal system.

    • Cities can be rated as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7 star based on their compliance with the protocol conditions specified for each of the rating.

    • Further, a city should be ODF (Open Defecation Free) before it could be given a rating of 3 star or above.

    • While cities may self-declare themselves as 1-star, 2-star or 4-star, the Union Development Ministry will carry out an additional verification through an independent third party to certify cities as 3-star, 5-star or 7-star.

    • Cities will need to get re-certified themselves every year to retain their star-status.

    • The most significant feature of the rating protocol is that it provides stakeholders with a single metric to rate a city’s cleanliness, rather than separately evaluating multiple factors which contribute to a city’s overall cleanliness and garbage free status.

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