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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 20 February 2018

Feb 20, 2018 12:00 IST
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 20 February 2018
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 20 February 2018

    To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.

    To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1.Consider the following statements related to the Watan Ko Jano initiative that was in the news recently.
    1) It seeks to give exposure to the youth and children of the North East about the economic development taking place in other parts of the country.
    2) The programme is primarily organised by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. b

    Explanation:

    ‘Watan Ko Jano’ was in the news in February 2018 as the Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh met the youth of Jammu and Kashmir in New Delhi under the Youth Exchange Programme of the initiative.

    Addressing the youth, the Minister expressed happiness that these youth have visited various parts of the country and witnessed the rich cultural and historical heritage of the country. The children have visited Ajmer, Jaipur and Agra and will now visit the historical places in Delhi.

    About Watan Ko Jano

    • It seeks to give exposure to the youth and children of Jammu and Kashmir about the cultural, social and economic development that is taking place in other parts of the country.

    • Youth and children hit by militancy and from weaker sections of the society are identified for this purpose.

    • Every year, around 400 youths from the State visit different places of the country.

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    2. Consider the following statements related to the Botanical Survey of India that was in the news recently.
    1) It was established by the Union Government in 1950.
    2) It works under the Department of Science and Technology.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    In February 2018, the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) and the Natural History Museum (NHM) of the United Kingdom signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for cooperation in the field of genetic and taxonomic studies in India.

    The MoU will pave the way for BSI staff to work in the NHM and vice-versa. They will share fairly and equitably the benefits that may arise from the collection, study and conservation of the plant materials such as seeds, herbarium specimens and tissue samples and exchange associated data and images. NHM will help BSI in capacity building in areas of systematic botany and long-term conservation of plant genetic resources in India.

    About Botanical Survey of India

    • The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) was established in 1890 with the objectives of exploring the plant resources of the country and identifying plant species with economic virtue.

    • In 1954, it was reorganised with the objectives of undertaking intensive floristic surveys and collecting accurate and detailed information on the occurrence, distribution, ecology and economic utility of plants in the country.

    • It works under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

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    3. It is with this country, India recently launched joint research projects on clean water and energy.
    a) The UK
    b) Germany
    c) Australia
    d) China

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    On 19 February, 2018, India and the United Kingdom launched joint research projects on ‘Water Quality Research and Energy Demand Reduction in Built Environment’. The projects were jointly launched by NITI Aayog member Dr V K Saraswat, Department of Science and Technology Secretary Ashutosh Sharma and Research Councils UK- India Director Daniel Shah in New Delhi.

    These projects aim to deliver mutual benefits and research solutions not only to the UK and India, but also to address shared global sustainable development goals of clean water and clean energy.

    The Water Quality Research programme has eight projects, while the Energy Demand Reduction in Built Environment programme has four projects. The total joint investment will be up to 15 million British Pound.

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    4. Recently, India and Iran have signed agreements and memorandums of understanding on a wide variety of issues. Consider the following statement regarding this:
    1) In a joint statement, India and Iran described the Chabahar Port, which is being developed with funding from India, as a "golden gateway" that will help in reaching out to land-locked Afghanistan and the Central Asia.
    2) Trade ties between the two countries have been dominated by Indian import of Iranian crude oil.
    3) India is the second largest buyer of Iranian crude after China.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 1 and 2
    c) 2 and 3
    d) 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Recently,  India and Iran have inked nine agreements, including leasing part of the Iranian port of Chabahar to an Indian company, after "substantive" bilateral talks between the Indian prime minister and the Iranian president in New Delhi. A joint statement described the Chabahar Port, which is being developed with funding from India, as a "golden gateway" that will help in reaching out to land-locked Afghanistan and central Asia.

    During the joint press conference, Rouhani spoke on the importance of rail links from Chabahar to Zahedan, near the Afghan border. Last year, New Delhi successfully sent shipments of wheat assistance to Afghanistan through Chabahar Port, bypassing archrival, Pakistan. Islamabad does not allow New Delhi to use its land route to reach Afghanistan.
    "Chabahar offers India connectivity to Afghanistan and Central Asia. Along with Bandar Abbas port, it also offers India a means of multimodal connectivity all the way to Europe," said Manoj Joshi, senior analyst at Observer Research Foundation (ORF), a think-tank based in New Delhi.

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    5. ISRO is going to launch the Chandrayaan-2, its very first lunar rover this year. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1) ISRO is planning to launch the Chandrayaan-2 in April 2018 from Sriharikota.
    2) After its launch from Sriharikota, it will take one or two months time for the orbiter to reach moon's orbit.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    ISRO is planning to launch in April 2018 from Sriharikota. After its launch from Sriharikota, it will take one or two months time for the orbiter to reach moon's orbit, the ISRO chief said.

    "After reaching the moon's orbit, the lander will get detached from the orbiter and do a soft-landing near the south pole of the moon. The 6-wheeled rover fixed within the lander will get detached and move on the lunar surface. The rover has been designed in such a way that it will have the power to spend a lunar day or 14 Earth days on the moon's surface and walk up to 150-200 km. It will do several experiments and on-site chemical analysis of the surface.

    The mission Chandrayaan-2 has generated lots of buzz due to its cheap operative cost. At Rs 800 crore, Chandrayaan-2 is much cheaper than Interstellar, Christopher Nolan’s mega sci-fi Hollywood movie. The 2014 blockbuster was made at the cost of Rs 1,062 crore. The 2018 lunar mission shows how ISRO is not only able to not complete its project on time, but also within the limited budget.

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    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 19 February 2018

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