Current Affairs based questions can help IAS aspirants to gain experience in handling such questions in the IAS prelims exam. In the IAS prelims exam, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be given priority.
We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.
1.Consider the following statements regarding the Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Third Amendment) Bill:
1)The Bill talks about granting National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) constitutional status.
2)The bill will insert Clause (26C) under Article 366 which means such backward classes as are so deemed under Article 342A for the purpose.
Which of the above statement is true?
c.Both 1 and 2
d.Neither 1 nor 2
The Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill, 2017 seeks to grant the National Commission on Backward Classes (NCBC) constitutional status, at par with the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) and the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes. The Bill seeks to remove the power of the NCSC to examine matters related to backward classes.
The NCBC is a body set up under the National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993. It has the power to examine complaints regarding inclusion or exclusion of groups within the list of backward classes, and advise the central government in this regard. The Bill seeks to establish the NCBC under the Constitution, and provide it the authority to examine complaints and welfare measures regarding socially and educationally backward classes.
The Constitution Amendment Bill states that the President may specify the socially and educationally backward classes in the various states and union territories. However, a law of Parliament will be required if the list of backward classes is to be amended.
Under the Constitution Amendment Bill, the NCBC will comprise of five members appointed by the President. Their tenure and conditions of service will also be decided by the President through rules.
2.Which of the following statement best describes the objective of UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) application?
a.UMANG provides seamless integration with popular customer centric services like Aadhaar and Digilocker.
b.UMANG will soon be providing integration with various other services such as PayGov.
c.Both (a) and (b)
d.None of the above
UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) is envisaged to make e-governance. It is developed by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and National e-Governance Division (NeGD) to drive Mobile Governance in India.
UMANG provides a single platform for all Indian Citizens to access pan India e-Gov services ranging from Central to Local Government bodies and other citizen centric services.
UMANG intends to provide major services offered by Central and State Government departments, Local bodies and other utility services from private organizations. It provides a unified approach where citizens can install one application to avail multiple government services.
3.Consider the following statements regarding the Capacity building of Elected Women Representatives (EWRs):
1)Elected Women Representatives includes only the Member of Parliament.
2)This is initiated by the Ministry of Women and Child Development through National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development (NIPCCD).
3)The Capacity building of Elected Women Representatives (EWRs) is critical to empower women to participate effectively in governance processes.
Which of the above statement is true?
a.1 and 2
b.2 and 3
c.1 and 3
d.1,2 and 3
The Ministry of Women and Child Development is initiating an extensive training programme through National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development (NIPCCD) of the Ministry with an objective of empowering Elected Women Representatives (EWRs). Around 500 EWRs and nearly 200 master trainers from different corners of the country are attending this session of the programme.
The Capacity building of Elected Women Representatives (EWRs) is critical to empower women to participate effectively in governance processes. This will help them assume the leadership roles expected of them and guide their villages towards a more prosperous future.
The 73rd amendment to the Constitution of India has bestowed Panchayats with functional, financial and administrative powers and responsibilities for overall development, and this is a great opportunity for women to participate in nation-building.
4.Recently, the government has enhanced incentives under the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) for two subsectors of Textiles Industry. Consider the following statements in this regard:
a.The incentives for two subsectors of Textiles Industry that is readymade garments and made ups have been enhanced from two percent to four percent of value of exports.
b.The incentives for two subsectors of Textiles Industry that is readymade garments and made ups have been enhanced from four percent to six percent of value of exports.
c.The incentives for two subsectors of Textiles Industry that is readymade garments and made ups have been enhanced as per exporter’s choice.
d.None of the above
The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) has recently declared increased rates for incentives under the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) for two subsectors of Textiles Industry that is readymade garments and made ups have been enhanced from two percent to four percent of value of exports.
The estimated annual incentives will be Rs. 1,143.15 crore for 2017-18 and Rs. 685.89 crore for 2018-19. This measure will incentivise the exports of labour intensive sectors of readymade garments and made ups and contribute to employment generation.
5.Recently, which bank has launched a nationwide platform called YONO (You Only Need Once) which will enable customers to avail lifestyle-based services?
a.State Bank of India
b.Central Bank of India
c.Reserve Bank of India
d.All of the above
State Bank of India is country’s largest financial institution and it has launched an integrated omni-channel digital platform to offer financial services, besides lifestyle products and services. YONO will enable customers to avail lifestyle-based services under 14 categories, including booking and renting cabs, entertainment, dining experience, travel and stay, and medical assistance. The platform was developed leveraging technologies such as artificial intelligence, predictive analytics and machine learning, and can be accessed through both its web portal and a mobile application.
Customers can use the offering to avail a host of services, including opening a bank account in less than five minutes, transferring funds, availing paperless pre-approved personal loans, getting overdraft facility against fixed deposits, and having access to a single-view window of the banking and financial portfolio of SBI Group companies, besides a smart spend advisor and chat bots for conversational banking.