Institute of Banking and Personnel Selection (IBPS) will organize common written examination for recruitment of Specialist Officers. The IBPS SO Exam 2015 will be conducted in the month of February 2015.
The banking team of jagranjosh.com has come up with concept and sample questions for Spotting of the Errors (English Language). The concept provided by us will help you to understand the topic. The sample questions offered by us are framed by keeping in view need of the question paper.
Important Rules of Correct Use of Articles
Use or ‘A’/’An’
Article A or Au is used before n singular noun. The choice between A or An is determined by first sound of pronunciation (not by the letter of alphabet even it may be A, E, I, 0, U) of the noun. If it is pronounced with vowel sound, use An then otherwise A.
Look at the following sentences
(a) He is an honest man.
(b) He is a European.
The following words and the use of ‘A’ or ‘An’ before them. Students generally make mistake using A or An before these words
1. An hour.
2. A one eyed Man.
‘The’- Definite Article
The definite Article ‘The’ is used in following cases:
1. While speaking of a particular person or thing or one already referred to.
Example: - She found a purse. The purse contained a golden chain. The golden chain is very precious.
2. ‘The’ is used before superlatives.
Example: - She is the most beautiful girl in our college.
‘The, is not used before the name of countries but if the name of country contains words like; States, Kingdom, Republic, we use ‘the’ before them. eg The USA, The USSR, The UK, The Republic of Ireland, The Domonican Republic.’
3. ‘The’ is used before names consisting of adjective + noun (provided the adjective is not east west etc.)
Example: - The Arabian Gulf, The New Forest, The High Street
4. ‘The’ is also used before names consisting of noun + of + noun.
Example: - The Cape of Good Hope, The Boy of Biscay, The Gulf of Mexico
(A) In following cases we do not use ‘The’ before ‘Sea’
(i) We got to sea as sailors.
(ii) He is at sea now-a-days. (on a voyage)
(B) We can use ‘the’ before ‘Space’ if it means place.
5. Before terms referring Nationality or Community.
Example: - The Indian, The French, The American, The English
6. Before a proper noun, only when it is qualified by an adjective.
Example: - The great Caesar, The immortal Shakespeare, The brave Napoleon.
Zero Article Position
Students should learn the following points carefully to avoid the wrong use of articles.
Article is omitted in following cases
1. before a Proper Noun.
Example: - Akbar was a great king.
When abstract nouns, instead of referring qualities, express person or things possessing such qualities or express qualities of definite objects. They are preceded by Article.
(a) She possesses the cunningness of a fox.
(Here cunningness refers the quality of a definite object that is ‘fox’)
(b) He is a justice of peace. (‘Justice’ stands for judge).