Directions (1 - 5): The first line (A) and last line (F) of the following question is fixed. Arrange the other four lines in a logical sequence.
(A) The European Union is finding it difficult to control its instincts to bully others.
(B) India believed there was evidence to show that the tests were not conducted properly and decided to act firmly.
(C) It has banned 700 drugs of India and must have been surprised when India did not take it lying down: It called off talks with the EU.
(D) India’s pharmaceutical industry is one of the worlds most advanced and it is unlikely to be seriously affected by the EU fracas.
(E) The drugs had reportedly failed the test conducted by GVK Bioscience Limited’s India facility.
(F) India’s total pharmaceutical trade with the EU comes to about $1 billion. The volume of business has been on the decline during the last two years. No wonder that the pharmaceutical sector is not overtly disturbed by the EU ban.
(A) For India, the Chinese collapse might actually provide an opportunity. As the Governor of RBI has pointed out, India has a low current account deficit (CAD), the fiscal deficit is manageable, inflation is moderating and short-term foreign currency liabilities are low.
(B) The fall of the rupee has been largely offset by a slump in crude prices, which should further ease pressure on the CAD.
(C) Despite a downward revision by global rating agencies in the growth forecast, growth is still fairly robust compared to other major economies.
(D) Progress on key reform measures such as the GST and Land Bills, and a step-up in infrastructure spending, could boost industry.
(E) A cheaper rupee will also help revive exports.
(F) A strategically timed interest rate cut can help revive consumer and investor sentiment.
(A) Indradhanush implies two formidable features: It vanquishes the enemy totally and, once launched, it cannot be called back.
(B) To that extent, it is a major reform package after the nationalization of banks in the 1970s.
(C) Private sector heads have been roped in to steer them and new capital infusion has been promised as well.
(D) It is not known whether sufficient attention was paid to these qualities when the NDA government announced Indradhanush, a seven-point programme, aimed at reforming State-run banks.
(E) It does address key issues like creation of a Bank Board Bureau for appointments, performance-based pay, policy and governance.
(F) But, it is missing out on one essentiality — out-of-the-box solutions. Non-performing assets (NPAs) are a major drag on public sector banks (PSBs).
(A) The Liberal Democrats are back at the seaside for their first annual conference after two seismic events.
(B) There is no silver lining around the loss of 49 out of 57 MPs, coming after years of attrition in local government.
(C) The combination of shock and aftershock define the challenge facing Tim Farron, named over the summer as successor to Nick Clegg.
(D) As for the other – the extraordinary elevation of Jeremy Corbyn as Labour leader – the Liberal Democrats are interested observers.
(E) The party was at the epicenter of one – May’s general election, when its parliamentary base was devastated.
(F) The task here is slow reconstruction from the ground up, combined with the job, no easier, of defining what purpose the Liberal Democrats usefully serve.
(A) India’s decision to remove Iran from the list of countries in the restricted visa category is another indication of New Delhi’s resolve to reinvigorate its engagement with the Gulf country.
(B) But India, under pressure from western nations, voted against Iran at the International Atomic Energy Agency over its nuclear programme and subsequently cut energy imports.
(C) Iran used to be India’s second largest supplier of oil.
(D) But more important, it is part of a series of steps India has taken to deepen partnership with Iran since an interim agreement was reached between Tehran and six world powers (P5+1) in November 2013 over its nuclear programme.
(E) The move will primarily liberalize the visa approval process for Iranian citizens, paving the way for enhanced people-to-people cooperation.
(F) The interim agreement offered India a window of opportunity to revisit its Tehran policy.
Directions (6 - 10): The first line (A) of each question given below is fixed. Arrange the other five lines in a logical sequence.
(A) Extreme weather conditions have become such a part of life all across the world over the last decade and more, that ways and means to understand and cope with them have become an essential element of survival strategies.
(B) While shrinking winter-spans are considered by specialists as a sure sign that climate change is a reality we cannot ignore, at the other end of the spectrum, hot summers are no less debilitating.
(C) Heat waves in summer, cold waves in winter and extreme rainfall when it is least expected have almost become the norm.
(D) Prediction of these phenomena is itself so difficult, not for lack of effort but because of the theoretical limitations of the models being used in the calculations.
(E) Broadly speaking, there is no doubt that summer heat is worsening by the year in parts of India.
(F) Each of these rounds takes its own toll on lives and livelihoods even as those in other areas are forced to stand as mute spectators.
(A) The framework agreement for India-US Defence cooperation, Defence Minister - Manohar Parrikar signed with US secretary of Defence-Ashton Carter, needs to be welcomed with caution.
(B) The new revised document “provides avenues for high-level strategic discussions, continued exchanges between armed forces of both countries and strengthening of defence capabilities”.
(C) The agreement is the result of Modi’s efforts to explore various avenues in defence diplomacy to bolster a weakened defence establishment at home and is also a part of his “Make in India” initiative.
(D) This is a follow-up of the agreement reached between Indian Prime Minister, Mr. Modi and US President, Mr. Obama, when the latter was the chief guest at this year’s Republic Day parade.
(E) The agreement envisages two joint projects to develop protective ensembles for soldiers and mobile generators—two of the four “pathfinder projects” identified under the defence trade and technology initiative during Obama’s visit.
(F) Significantly, both sides have “agreed to expedite discussions to take forward cooperation on jet engines, aircraft carrier design and construction”.
(A) Indian firms battling towering debts are calling for more interest rate cuts as they worry the central bank is tying monetary policy too much to consumer inflation and ignoring the longest streak of wholesale price falls on record.
(B) Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor in 2014 started using consumer prices as the bank's key inflation measure to focus policy on ordinary Indians.
(C) The wholesale price index (WPI) has been falling since late 2014, dragged down by lower energy costs, while the consumer price index (CPI) is currently at 5 percent.
(D) The RBI has cut interest rates three times this year as corporate profits shrank and companies small and large shied away from new investments.
(E) But a growing divide between consumer and wholesale inflation has revived a long-standing debate on which inflation measure should be used to determine India's interest rates.
(F) This year, the link between consumer prices and monetary policy became even stronger as the R.
(A) In contrast to last year, the initial outlook for the southwest monsoon looks hardly promising.
(B) The forecast probability of both deficient and below-normal categories is double the climatological probability, which is based on how the monsoon fared in previous years.
(C) For the June-September season, both the deficient (less than 90 per cent of long-period average, or LPA) and below-normal (between 90 and 96 per cent of the long-period average) categories have a nearly equal probability of 33 and 35 per cent respectively.
(D) According to the first-stage forecast issued by the India Meteorological Department, the southwest monsoon seasonal rainfall is likely to be 93 per cent of the long-period average with a margin of error of 5 per cent.
(E) However, the initial forecast made in April cannot be the basis for arriving at any firm conclusions; at best, it may serve as a pointer.
(F) While the chances of excess rainfall occurring are non-existent, initial indications are that the monsoon this year will be subnormal or deficient.
(A) The amicus curiae appointed by the Supreme Court submitted that the Telangana government has been dilly-dallying on filling up teachers’ vacancies in the State.
(B) The government clearly has a duty to fulfill the right mandated to children in our Constitution.
(C) If this trend continues, many government schools may have to be wound up.
(D) Data available with the Department of Public Instruction (DPI) and the Sarva Sikhsha Abhiyan confirm that the number of schools with zero admissions have been on the rise in the country.
(E) For example, last year, not a single student enrolled in Class I in 534 government schools in Karnataka.
(F) However, Telangana is not the only state where education in government schools is neglected. It’s an all-India phenomenon.
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