NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 6 - Towns, Traders and Craftspersons are provided here to help you learn all the concepts easily and effectively. We have provided here the best and the simplest answers to all the questions given in chapter 6 of the latest NCERT Book for Class 7 History. You can easily download all the questions and answers in PDF format form the link provided below in this article.
Check below the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 6 - Towns, Traders and Craftspersons:
1. Fill in the blanks:
(a) The Rajarajeshvara temple was built in __________.
(b) Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint __________.
(c) Hampi was the capital of the __________ Empire.
(d) The Dutch established a settlement at ———— in Andhra Pradesh.
(a) The Rajarajeshvara temple was built in 1010 A.D.
(b) Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti.
(c) Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire.
(d) The Dutch established a settlement at Masulipatnam in Andhra Pradesh.
2. State whether true or false:
(a) We know the name of the architect of the Rajarajeshvara temple from an inscription.
(b) Merchants preferred to travel individually rather than in caravans.
(c) Kabul was a major centre for trade in elephants.
(d) Surat was an important trading port on the Bay of Bengal.
(b) False; Since the merchants had to pass through many kingdoms and forests, they usually travelled in caravans and formed guilds to protect their interests.
(c) False; Kabul was a major centre for trade in horses.
(d) False; Surat Port is situated on the Western Coast of India..
3. How was water supplied to the city of Thanjavur?
Water supply to the city of Thanjavur came from wells and tanks.
4. Who lived in the “Black Towns” in cities such as Madras?
Merchants, artisans (such as weavers), native traders and craftspersons lived in the ‘Black Towns’.
5. Why do you think towns grew around temples?
Towns grew around temples because of the following factors:
- Temples were considered central to the economy and society.
- The rulers constructed these temples to demonstrate their devotion and establish their authority. They often awarded wealth and land to temples to carry out elaborate rituals, feed pilgrims and priests and celebrate festivals.
- The temples also utilised their wealth to finance trade and banking.
- In order to cater the needs of pilgrims, a large number of priests, artisans, workers and traders settled near the temple and led to the formation of the temple towns.
6. How important were craftspersons for the building and maintenance of temples?
Craftspersons were very important for the building and maintenance of temples because:
(i) The Vishwakarma community consisting of goldsmith, bronzesmiths, blacksmiths, masons and carpenters played an essential role in the building of temples.
(ii) Weavers such as the Saliyar or Kaikkolars were the prosperous communities who made ample donations to temples.
(iii) The craftspersons of Bidar were skilled in copper and silver works who played an essential role in adorning of temples with art and craft.
7. Why did people from distant lands visit Surat?
People from distant lands visited Surat due to the following reasons:
- Surat was the gateway for trade with West Asia via the Gulf of Ormuz.
- Surat has also been called the gate to Mecca because many pilgrim ships set sail from here.
- The Portuguese, Dutch and English had their factories and warehouses at Surat during the seventeenth century.
- There were also several retail and wholesale shops selling cotton textiles.
- The textiles of Surat were famous for their gold lace borders (zari) and had a market in West Asia, Africa and Europe.
- The state built numerous rest-houses to take care of the needs of people from all over the world who came to the city. There were magnificent buildings and innumerable pleasure parks.
8. In what ways was craft production in cities like Calcutta different from that in cities like Thanjavur?
The craft production in cities like Calcutta was different from that in cities like Thanjavur in the following ways:
(i) Craftspersons were not free to sell their own crafts and textiles as they were controlled by the European companies.
(ii) They worked on a system of advances which meant that they had to weave cloth which was already promised to European agents.
(iii) They had to reproduce the designs supplied to them by the Company agents
(i) Here the craftspersons were independent and were free to sell their own products.
(ii) They developed the crafts on interest and they were creative and specialized.
(iii) Their production focused on the needs of the temple and the pilgrims.
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