For the benefit of NDA & NA (II) 2017 Exam aspirants, the Jagran Josh is providing practice questions on Synonyms. The answers to the questions along with the detailed explanations will help the aspirants in improving their scores in the exam that will be held on 10 September 2017.
Directions: Each of the questions below consists of a word printed boldly, followed by four words or phrases numbered (a) to (d). Choose the numbered word or phrase which is most nearly similar in meaning to the word printed boldly.
1. All these items have been marked down.
(b) packed up
(c) reduced in price
Ans. (c) reduced in price
The phrasal verb mark ‘something’ down means reducing the price of something, usually in order to encourage people to buy it.
2. How can you have the effrontery to ask for another loan?
Ans. (b) impudence
Effrontery means insolent or impertinent behaviour. Similarly, impudence has similar meaning.
3. There was a devastating attack on his work.
Ans. (a) terrible
Devastating means something which causes sever shock, distress or grief. Terrible has similar meaning.
4. The committee conducted an exhaustive inquiry.
Ans. (d) thorough
Exhaustive survey means which considered various aspects and a micro-level. Exhaustive has similar meaning.
5. He is just laying up a lot of trouble for himself.
Ans. (b) accumulating
The meaning of laying up has a similar meaning that of accumulating.
6. He fought the demon with all his might.
Ans. (b) strength
Might means great and impressive power or strength, especially of a nation, large organization, or an individual.
7. Devotees believe that God dwells in their heart.
Ans. (a) lives
Dwell means live in or at a specified place.
8. Not everyone can respond to a difficult question quickly.
Ans. (c) answer
Primarily, respond means a reaction to something. As the response is against a question, the answer is – answer.
9. The sage did not want to be bothered with mundane concerns.
Ans. (a) worldly
Mundane means that is of this earthly world rather than a heavenly or spiritual one.
10. One who rules with unlimited power is called a dictator.
Ans. (b) autocrat
A dictator is a ruler, who doesn’t give respect to the opinion of his/her subjects. The opposite of this kind of rule is democracy which is defined as – of the people, for the people and by the people.