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UPSC Civil Services (IAS) Prelims Exam: CSAT Logical Reasoning Set II

Jul 4, 2016 12:11 IST

    It is known to everyone that the UPSC IAS Prelims Exam is qualifying in nature but still it has to be qualified and score not less than 33% in Paper II CSAT. So, in order to qualify the Paper II of UPSC IAS Prelims Exam, an aspirant has to make strategy for attempting questions of Paper II CSAT correctly. Here, we have provided Multiple Choice Questions of Logical Reasoning for CSAT Exam of UPSC IAS Prelims Exam.

    Category: Puzzles

    Directions for questions 11 to 14: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

    Six persons Prem, Qureshi, Ramit, Sreath, Tanmay and Uday are living with their wives Anita, Bini, Chandu, Divya, Eli and Fatima in a six story building from ground to top. Only one pair is living any of the floors, but not necessarily in the same order. Uday and his wife Divya are living in the floor which is between the floors of Fatima and Bini. Eli and her husband are living just above the floor of Bini and just below the floor of Anita.

    Chandu does not live in the floor above Divya. Qureshi and his wife neither live on the top floor not at the ground floor. Sreath and his wife Bini are living in the floor just below the floor of Prem. Tanmay and his wife is living at ground floor.

    1.Who is the wife of Qureshi?

    a) Anita
    b) Eli
    c) Chandu
    d) Fatima

    Answer (d)

    2.Who among the following is living on the top floor?

    a) Prem
    b) Qureshi
    c) Ramit
    d) Sreath

    Answer (c)

    3.Who is the husband of Eli?

    a) Prem
    b) Ramit
    c) Tanmay
    d) Qureshi

    Answer (a)

    4.Which of the following combination is NOT correct?

    a) Sreath – Bini
    b) Uday – Divya
    c) Ramit – Anita
    d) Prem – Fatima

    Answer (d)

    Explanation:

    On the basis of the given information and data we can prepare the following table.

    Floor

    Person

    Wife

    Top

    Ramit

    Anita

    Fourth

    Prem

    Eli

    Third

    Sreath

    Bini

    Second

    Uday

    Divya

    First

    Qureshi

    Fatima

    Ground

    Tanmay

    Chandu

    Category: Statements and Conclusions

    The following questions have one/two statements followed by two conclusions. Read and understand them carefully and then select your answer option as given below.

    a) If only I alone follows the statement(s)
    b) If only II alone follows from the statement(s)
    c) If both I and II follow the statement(s)
    d) If neither I nor II  follows the statement(s)

    5.Statement: The reformer has enemies in all those who profit by the old order and only lukewarm defenders in all those who would profit from the new order.

    Conclusions:

    I. Those benefitted by old order are the foes of the reformer.
    II.The ones who benefit from new order are not the enemies of the reformer.

    Answer (a)

    Explanation:

    Here Statement II cannot be the conclusion since the statement “and only …..New order” only states those profiting from new order could defend the reformer and should not be taken for meaning they are not his enemies. Statement I is the correct conclusion since there is a mere replacement of the word “enemies” with a synonym “foes”

    6.Statement:  There are certain other functions which the president is required to perform under the constitution in relation to the parliament.

    Conclusions:

    I. The president performs most of the functions of the parliament.
    II. It is only the parliament in relation to which the president can function.

    Answer (d)

    Explanation:

    Both the conclusions are invalid because there is no other variable given other than the president hence a comparison cannot be drawn in case of I on the number of functions and in case of II on the area of functions of the parliament.

    7.Statements: Antiques are displayed in an exhibition. It costs a common man too much for its purchase.

    Conclusions:  

    I. Common man doesn’t purchase antiques
    II. Exhibited products are always costly.

    Answer (c)

    Explanation:

    Conclusion I obviously doesn’t follow any of the statements and conclusion II is a more generalized one.

    8. Statement: It is not possible to be successful with moral and ethical practices in the world.

    Conclusions:

    I. Ethics and Morality are not practical concepts
    II. World supports the concepts of morality and ethics but doesn’t uphold it.

    Answer (d)

    Explanation:

    Both the conclusions are implied in the statement.

    9.Statement:  Farmers throughout India have their hand in increased agricultural production.

    I. 80% of the Indian Farmers has land less than one hectare.
    II. There is more productivity in smaller lands than larger lands

    Answer (d)

    Explanation:

    Size of the lands has nothing to do with the statement and hence option d.

    10.Statement: Fruits prices are soaring in the market.

    Conclusion:

    I. Fruits are becoming a rare commodity.
    II. There had been less rain which affected the agriculture sector.

    Answer (d)

    Category: Statement and inferences

    Given below is a passage followed by a possible inference which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine the inference in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity:

    a) If inference is definitely true.
    b) If inference is probably true.
    c)  If the data are inadequate.
    d)  If inference is probably false.

    Farmer suicide in India is the intentional ending of one's life by a person dependent on farming as their primary source of livelihood. In 2012, the National Crime Records Bureau of India reported 13,754 farmer suicides. The highest number of farmer suicides was recorded in 2004 when 18,241 farmers committed suicide. The farmer’s suicide rate in India has ranged between 1.4 to 1.8 per 100,000 total populations, over a 10-year period through 2005. From 1995 to 2013, a total of 296,438 farmers have killed themselves in India, or an average of 16,469 suicides per year. During the same period, about 9.5 million people died per year in India from other causes including malnutrition, diseases and suicides that were non-farming related, or about 171 million deaths from 1995 to 2013.

    11.Over the last few decades, one of the reasons of increase in deaths in rural India is farmer suicide.

     Answer (a)

    12.Small land holding, lack of infrastructural and financial support from government are responsible for farmers’ suicide.

    Answer (c)

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