About the MPLAD (Members of Parliament Local Area Development) Scheme;
The MPLAD Scheme was started on December 23, 1993 by the late Prime Minister of P.V. Narasimha Rao. The main objectives of the MPLAD Scheme are to enable MPs to recommend works of developmental nature with emphasis on the creation of durable community assets based on the locally felt needs of the peoples.
Initially this scheme was under the the control of the Ministry of Rural Development but later on it was transferred to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation in October 1994.
In 1993 when this Scheme was launched, an amount of Rs. 5 lakh per Member of Parliament was allotted which increased to rupees 1 crore per annum per MP constituency from 1994-95. Since FY 1998-99 this amount had been increased to Rs. 2 crore and currently Rs. 5 cr is allotted to each MP/year from the financial year 2011-12. So the MPLAD Scheme is a Plan Scheme fully funded by Government of India.
Who spends the fund under the MPLAD Scheme?
The amount of this scheme is not transferred direct into the account of the Members of Parliament (MPs), but in the account of District Collector / District Magistrate / Deputy Commissioner or Nodal Officer of the concerned district in two installments of Rs. 2.5 crore each (before the commencement of the financial year). The MP directs the District Magistrate or the concerned authority that where to spend the money.
Which types of works are conducted under the MPLAD Scheme?
The works done under the scheme are as per the requirements of the local peoples. Right from inception of the Scheme, developmental work like availability of sanitation facilities, electricity, roads, drinking water, public health, public library, primary education and other community development initiatives etc.
In addition to the above mentioned durable works this scheme also deals with incidents of the natural calamities like Floods, Cyclones, Tsunamis, Earthquakes, Avalanches, Cloud Explosions, Landslides, Tornadoes, Droughts, Fire, Chemical, Biological and Radiological Hazards.
Features & Guidelines for the MPLAD Scheme are as follows;
1. Lok Sabha Members can recommend works within their Constituencies and Elected Members of Rajya Sabha can recommend works within the State of Election however Nominated Members of both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha can recommend works anywhere in the country.
2. The Member of Parliament has to send the name of the chosen district to the State Government and the District Magistrate of that district, along with the "Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation".
3. If the Lok Sabha constituency is spread over more than one district then the Member of Parliament has to choose any single district as its nodal district.
4. If a particular Society/Trust has already availed of MPLADS funds upto Rs. 50 lakh, no more funds can be recommended for that Society/Trust under the Scheme but this limit is increased to Rs. 1 crore from 2012-13.
5. The amount sanctioned for any work should not be less than Rs. 1 lakh. However, if the District Authority believes that the work of low amount is beneficial to the public, then it can be approved, even if the cost of work is less than Rs. 1 lakh.
6. As per the special provisions of the MPLAD scheme for the promotion of “Khelo India”, now the fund of the MPLAD scheme can be used to create more durable assets for sports in the country.
For some time, the government has been thinking to increase the amount to Rs.25 crore/annum/MP under this scheme and to appoint a special officer who can take care of the construction work under this scheme because the district magistrate remains busy in other official works so this plan suffers.
On the basis of the facts given above, it can be said that MPLAD scheme is a very democratic practice which provides opportunity to the elected representative to serve the peoples of their constituency better.